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Abstract only
Antigoni Memou

became the symbol of the American anti-war movement, but contributed to the revival of the movement with a new wave of demonstrations across the United States and Europe.3 Equally recognisable is the image of a man stopping a tank, taken in Beijing in June 1989, which symbolised the Tiananmen Square protests and the subsequent massacre.4 Although all these pictures were taken in the era of television, and the last one especially owes its fame to a great extent to television broadcasting, it is the intrinsic qualities of the photographic medium, including its

in Photography and social movements
Abstract only
Grace Huxford

spheres during the war. The national service army of ‘citizen-​soldiers’ and the recent memory of the Second World War, as well as more practical issues such as regular postal contact, break down the idea of separate ‘fronts’ in the social history of war. Elsewhere, the wartime history of the Daily Worker also illustrates this cross-​pollination: criticised by domestic commentators, the newspaper was nevertheless widely read by British POWs and their families and was a crucial component in the anti-​war movement. The social and cultural impact of modern warfare often

in The Korean War in Britain
The case of the Socialist Workers’ Party
Craig Berry

on Terror’ by the United States and its allies, and the emergence of a perceived new threat to the security of liberal democracies in the West in the form of Islamic fundamentalism. Also, the launch of the DDA by the WTO in November 2001 co-opted many of the anti-capitalist movement’s members with the promise of delivering real benefits to poor countries. The SWP’s focus turned to opposing the invasion of Afghanistan, having been instrumental in the formation of the Stop the War Coalition (StWC) ten days after the 9/11 attacks. The anti-war movement ultimately

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain
From Vietnam to the war in the Persian Gulf
John Storey

also, and significantly, fail to articulate that which might also be remembered. I want to consider briefly four examples of what Hollywood ‘forgot’ about America’s war in Vietnam. Forgetting Vietnam Nowhere in Hollywood’s discourse on Vietnam are we informed about the extent of the resistance to the war. The counterculture, and the anti-war movement in general, has been given

in Memory and popular film
Sarah Glynn

_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:56 Page 216 216 CLASS, ETHNICITY AND RELIGION IN THE BENGALI EAST END declaring themselves officially anti-war, they took no active role in the anti-war movement. The council leader, Helal Abbas, excused this to me on the grounds that, as a Muslim-dominated group, it would have left them open to negative media stereotyping.1 Part of the anti-war movement The reaction to 9/11 by the United States and its allies accelerated Muslim politicisation and gave a new urgency to anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist movements everywhere. Many Muslims

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
A lost cause?
Ashley Lavelle

was the role of organised labour, which the new left has (often unfairly, according to Levy (1994)) been criticised for ignoring – or even worse affronting – with some of its behaviour. More specifically, the former Weatherman Mark Rudd controversially argued that the dissolution of SDS and the emergence of his militant organisation were major mistakes that led not only to the deaths of three of his comrades,1 but also to the winding up of the anti-war movement just when the conflict was raging: ultra-militancy produced only isolation and defeat (cited in Hoffman

in The politics of betrayal
Abstract only
Daniel Conway

1994: When I came out [of prison] I went to Lusaka to meet the ANC, which was quite freaky because it was us from the anti-war movement and some soldiers and then the ANC. The ANC and the soldiers got on like a house on fire and in fact us anti-militants were almost the enemy. They really got along and they couldn’t understand us … They were all soldiers, they had all the same toys they were paging through the journals about military gear. You saw that there was a lot more commonality than you really thought and the commonality was between the soldiers on the two

in Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign
Marxism and post-modernity
Paul Blackledge

eschews ‘traditional forms of labour organisation’, and that the mass international anti-war movement realised in the demonstrations of 15 February 2003 ‘is a force to be contended with’.41 If Harvey therefore attempts to muster an ‘optimism of the will’ against the pessimistic conclusions implied by his intellectual analysis of the deep economic causes of the decline of the left, other Marxists have stressed the economic continuity between the modern and the post-modern conjunctures. For instance, Terry Eagleton locates the roots of post-modernism in the experience of

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history
The roots of 1960s activism and the making of the British left
Celia Hughes

was one of a small cohort of young people whose political activity around Britain’s anti-war movement, the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign (VSC), resulted from involvement with social and political subcultures encountered earlier in the decade when boundaries between left groups were fluid and in the process of transition. In June 1966, individuals around the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation and the International Marxist Group (IMG) founded the Vietnam Solidarity Campaign (VSC) as a national coordinating committee for Britain’s anti-war movement. By the time of its

in Against the grain
The political history of two principal trends in British Trotskyism, 1945–2009
Phil Burton-Cartledge

to building monolithic democratic centralist parties. For Birchall it meant IS could advantageously work in the ‘broader movement’, but a comparative lack of discipline meant it lacked focus.14 But in 1968 the group’s independent work perspective changed. The radicalisation associated with the Vietnam anti-war movement, student militancy, French May events and the Prague Spring seemingly broke the political deadlock around independent party building. The IS decamped from Labour. It appealed for unity with other revolutionaries and was largely ignored, attracting

in Against the grain