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Family, gender and post-colonial issues in three Vietnam War texts
Marion Gibson

here provides aversion therapy to the reader. 19 It was Lyndon Johnson who described Vietnam as ‘a member of the Free World family’ in need of rescue. 20 But the family metaphor was one shared by the Viet Cong. Vietnamese autobiographer Le Ly Hay slip quotes Viet Cong cadres’ view of the war, designed for broadcast to the peasantry: ‘A nation cannot have two governments any more than a family can have

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
The revolutionary left and gay politics
Graham Willett

stereotypes and norms’, ‘the male dominated family’. And it proposed a seven-point programme of demands – an end to discrimination in jobs and housing, and to the treatment of homosexuality as a disease or sickness (including the use of aversion therapy), the right to free sex change and associated medical treatment, an end to exclusively heterosexual sex education in schools, the right to display affection in public places, an age of consent of 16 rather than 21, the abolition of legal discrimination including police harassment. Duncan Hallas, the National Secretary

in Against the grain
Rebecca Jennings

Three readers. The article, ‘Scouting for … THE CURE’, by ‘Hilary Benno’ offered a satirical review of possible ‘cures’ ranging from ‘getting between the sheets with James Bond’ (following in the footsteps of Pussy Galore) to aversion therapy or simple self-control.26 While the article sought to view the issue in a humorous light, the response from readers was considerably more serious. In one of a number of letters published in the subsequent issue, one reader commented: All my life I have been trying to resolve this problem, and am now convinced, after 18 sessions

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
Peter Barry

naming and classification of the literary tropes and devices employed by the authors. Highly specialist and scholarly though this kind of thing is, as a teaching routine it is more a protracted form of aversion therapy to literature than a way of interesting undergraduates in reading and enjoying major authors. By the 1880s there were annotated editions of major writers – Shakespeare, Spenser, Bunyan, and so on – to cater for this dreary market. But there was also the growth of a different approach to literature teaching, one which was based on ‘rhetoric’ rather than

in Beginning theory (fourth edition)
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Law reform, homosexual identity and the role of counter-culture
Lucy Robinson

, both of whom were at the conference. Generally the phrase meant a rejection of both the theories and practices of traditional Western psychiatry. Specifically, this meant a resistance to the use of medical models of mental illness and the physical methods used to treat them such as drugs, electric shock, aversion therapy and institutionalisation as well as questioning the family unit as a promoter of well-being. For the counter-culture many of the discussions at the conference offered attractive ways of thinking about politics. But, lesbians and gay men had particular

in Gay men and the Left in post-war Britain
Praxis, protest and performance
Lucy Robinson

London School of Economics (LSE), which was attended by 400 people. The GLF also took their case directly to the higher echelons of medical authority. There were zaps on the British Psychological Society Conference, and Peter Tatchell challenged the Christian London Medical Group, at its symposium on aversion therapy in November 1972.61 The Front announced itself on the political stage in campaigns that applied its critique of homosexual oppression to different institutions and the ideas behind them. The Front zapped its analysis of the law, religion and medico

in Gay men and the Left in post-war Britain
A quick history of masturbation
Barry Reay

-discovery. There were satisfactions in partnered sex that need not detain us, but masturbation had an integral role in these women’s ‘sexual well-being’. The researchers and the women themselves described the relationship between solo and partnered sex as supplemental or complementary, but it does not quite capture the overlaps and separations of the described desires. The crucial point was the pleasure of solitary sex.78 Masturbation has been used as a means of combating unwanted gender and sexual behaviour, notoriously in 1960s Anglo-American behavioural therapy. In aversion

in Sex in the archives
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Stephanie Dennison and Lisa Shaw

suggestive one, director Braz Chediak was able to tap into the interest surrounding the release and censorship of the original film with very little effort. A banana mecânica is a good-natured sexual romp and thus has little in common with Kubrick’s ultra-violent and politically charged movie. The aversion therapy story line of the original is maintained in the vaguest possible way in the Brazilian film through the presence of

in Popular cinema in Brazil, 1930–2001
Identity, performance and the Left 1972–79
Lucy Robinson

described the rape, castration and murder of gay people in Chile. South London Gay Liberation documented internment and aversion therapy in Spain, and Argentinean newspapers’ declarations that ‘[h]omosexuals should be disposed of by bullets or cheaper means’.154 As well as bringing a different analysis and context to anti-fascism, some gay activists challenged the supremacy of left-wing organisation and strove for the third liberational stage. They voiced allegiances with other minority groups. Gays against Fascism collaborated with the Chile Solidarity Campaign.155

in Gay men and the Left in post-war Britain
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From Gay Left Collective to Greater London Council, paedophile identity and the state of the Left
Lucy Robinson

alongside individual and collective support it wanted to educate the wider world. When PIE announced its launch in the C.H.E. Bulletin, it explained that its initial goal was the organisation of information to act as a resource.68 It produced Perspectives on Paedophilia, which combined sympathetic research with an educational role, aimed at professionals who worked with paedophiles. PIE argued that, like homosexuals earlier, selfoppression and fear of the law meant that paedophiles felt they had no choice but to accept chemical castration or aversion therapy.69 PIE also

in Gay men and the Left in post-war Britain