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Richard Cust and Peter Lake

instead to a form of neutralism. But this was not a localist neutralism; indeed it was not properly neutralism at all but, rather, accommodationism, a desire for a settlement between moderate men on both sides, to be wrought on the basis of the Patriots’ vision of how the polity should function. And that vision was anything but a localist one; its basic unit was not the county community and its basic expression was not the move to exclude conflict from an always already united county. Rather, the political world-view of the middle group was organised around the

in Gentry culture and the politics of religion
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David Coast

circulation was part of a wider revisionist project which stressed the insularity of county communities and their interest in local, rather than national, matters. Much of what has been written about early Stuart news culture since has in one way or another reacted against this account, and has instead stressed the wide social and geographical circulation of news and the important p ­ olitical consequences of its circulation. Printed news, in particular, has received a great deal of attention.6 F. J. Levy highlighted the range of ways in which news could circulate in the

in News and rumour in Jacobean England
Simon Walker

Banaster’s revolt in 1315 and the subsequent suppression of the Contrariants lasted well into Edward II’s reign. Continued violence rendered necessary a rapid expansion of the peace commission until, by 1350, it was over sixty strong. 19 Neither this, nor the attempts of the county community at collective peace keeping did much good, for the coercive powers of the palatinate’s law officers consistently proved too weak for their task. 20 Cattle rustling, inevitably frequent in an upland county, remained rife and often led to serious affrays. 21 There were attacks and

in Political culture in later medieval England
Richard Cust and Peter Lake

importunity of the authors of these schisms and factions’, and they could see ‘that much ill is to be feared if a timely prevention be not given to the growth thereof’.37 This praise for Aston from his local supporters echoed, in part, his own justification of his conduct towards the authors of the Attestation. Sir Thomas continued to draw on the notion of an identifiable county community, and the scandal that it might suffer from a counterfeit petition being published and disseminated in its name. In taking action to avert that, Aston claimed, he had not been acting as a

in Gentry culture and the politics of religion
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Neil Younger

. This is not to say that local governors or gentry thought of this news constantly, or in the same terms as those at the centre, or that they were not equally or more interested in local news (whether at the level of the county or 236 Conclusion even more local) or indeed family news; this has never been the case and is not now. Nor did they necessarily prioritise such wider concerns at the expense of local interests. Nevertheless, the claims of the ‘county community’ school of English local history must be modified; local governors were not ignorant of wider

in War and politics in the Elizabethan counties
Paul Brand

‘franchises’ on behalf of the county to match and complement the individual claims of franchises which all franchise-holders were now being required to submit to the king’s justices as a preliminary to the testing of franchise claims in the quo warranto proceedings, specifically to safeguard their distinctive customs against any possible claims that they had been forfeited for non-claim. 40 The subsidiary purpose was to seek a remedy from the justices for what the county community alleged to be two abuses of recent origin in relation to the presentment of Englishry and the

in Law, laity and solidarities
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Remapping early modern literature
Matthew C. Augustine

doubt it was in part the intellectual atmosphere created by postmodernism that allowed Revisionism to assert itself as peremptorily as it did, in fact it was the most parochial and conventional sort of English historical research that provided the initial spark. Originally seeking to extend the theoretical Whig-Marxist view of early Stuart England to granular scale, a clutch of historians in the 1950s and 1960s began closely to examine the phenomenon of civil war allegiance in English county communities. Again and again, however, the expected linkages between

in Aesthetics of contingency
Jan Broadway

-conscious county community. Yet Lambarde and Carew achieved publication because of their close ties with the centre of antiquarian scholarship in London, rather than any local enthusiasm for their work. If the manuscript of Erdeswicke’s account of Staffordshire had found its way into print at the end of Elizabeth’s reign, the picture would have looked rather different, since Staffordshire exhibited few of the attributes of county communities delineated by Alan Everitt.43 The idea of a county community undoubtedly had a symbolic importance to the English gentry, even in counties

in ‘No historie so meete’
Richard Cust and Peter Lake

, transacted business, governed their households, served the commonwealth and pursued various political and religious ventures. These groupings could vary considerably, from the gentry of their immediate neighbourhood, hundred or agricultural ‘pays’, to their county or the nation as a whole, represented in parliament. But here we are concerned mainly with the county. The aim of this chapter is to explore the interactions between family dynasties and the wider society of the gentry-based county community. Firstly, it will look at how far these dynasties were rooted within

in Gentry culture and the politics of religion
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The region and the community
John Beckett

tying it down in a coherent fashion is by no means straightforward. Counties and parishes It was obvious by the end of the 1950s that using local history simply as a means of illustrating themes in national history was shortsighted. Each community had a history of its own, which was worthy of study, and each study helped to shed light on the broader issues with which ‘proper’ historians concerned themselves. The ‘local’ clearly had much to say about the ‘national’, as was apparent from a 124—writing local history series of studies of county communities in the

in Writing local history