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Marjory Harper

to a phenomenon which it regarded as a means of side-stepping domestic unemployment and aggravating labour problems overseas. The Australian free-passage scheme was condemned in February 1923 as simply a means of bringing out agricultural strike-breakers and soldiers, and later that year – in the light of a recruitment visit by Australian politicians – would-be emigrants were warned of serious unemployment in Australia, warnings which were reiterated in subsequent years. 33 Intending emigrants to New Zealand were similarly

in Emigration from Scotland between the wars
Migration in the last gasp of empire
Kathleen Paul

-operated with Australia so that although technically open to all, the Australian Free Passage scheme would in reality be available only to ‘white British servicemen’. 21 Southern Rhodesia, meanwhile, made plain to UK officials that it sought migrants who could help ‘build up a large white population’, while Canada sought migrants who would augment the nation’s ‘fundamental character’. 22 The Dominions refused

in British culture and the end of empire
Marjory Harper

out to join relatives, while twenty Scottish women who in 1923 sailed from London to New Zealand in a party of thirty-eight domestics under the free-passage scheme were confident not only of guaranteed employment but of meeting ‘plenty of their own folk over there’. 89 Also mindful of the importance of the personal touch was a group of Scottish businessmen in Winnipeg who, in the same year, formed the Caledonian Society to encourage Scottish farmers to settle in western Canada, not by supplanting the work of the migration

in Emigration from Scotland between the wars