Search results

You are looking at 11 - 20 of 62 items for :

  • "humanitarian operations" x
  • All content x
Clear All
The Smith College Relief Unit, Near East Relief and visions of Armenian reconstruction, 1919–21
Rebecca Jinks

, Florence Snow, Helen Thayer and Helen Whitman. 5 See A. D. Krikorian and E. L. Taylor’s data compilation and analysis, ‘Ninety-six Years Ago Today’, Armenian News Network , 16 February 2015, www.groong.org/orig/ak-20150216.html (accessed 20 March 2020). 6 B. Little, ‘An Explosion of New Endeavours: Global Humanitarian Responses to Industrialized Warfare in the First World War Era’, First World War Studies 5:1 (2014), 1–16. 7 For example, special issue of First World War Studies 5:1 (2014); D. Rodogno, ‘Non-state Actors’ Humanitarian Operations in the

in Aid to Armenia
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

The fourth chapter focuses on Rwandan refugees in Zaire. Between 1994 and 1996, all international attempts to persuade them to return failed. In October 1996, Rwanda and the movements opposing President Mobutu launched a military offensive in east Zaire and then advanced towards Kinshasa. How were the refugees affected by this offensive? How did they react? A great many of them were repatriated to Rwanda, whereas countless others fled into the interior of Zaire. This chapter examines the humanitarian operations deployed during this period – from the destruction of the refugee camps in October and November 1996 to the final wave of refugees who walked 2,000 km to the border between Zaire and Congo-Brazzaville to escape their pursuers.

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Silvia Salvatici

Following recent historiography, the chapter calls into question the overlapping of the foundation of the Red Cross and the origins of humanitarianism. At the same time it explains why the birth of the ICRC marked a turning point: it led to the completion of acts that were already in progress, it catalysed the different forces in action and it intercepted shared opinions and feelings. In the first instance the new organisation directed aid and treatment work towards war victims, marking for a long time the main boundaries of humanitarian action. As well as this, the initiatives promoted by the Genevan committee as early as the beginning of the 1860s for soldiers struck down by enemy fire or illness encouraged an interpenetration between humanitarianism and warfare. This took a leap forward in the Franco-Prussian War and then again in the First World War. At the same time, Europe became the centre-stage for humanitarian operations.

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Abstract only
Through the eyes of field teams’ members
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

the siphoning off of a not-insignificant proportion of this aid into the war economy. As preparations for the commemoration ceremonies got underway, the two authors of this book were in no doubt that they would be questioned about Médecins Sans Frontières’ humanitarian operations and strategies, not only in Rwanda before, during and after the April to July 1994 genocide, but

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Silvia Salvatici

took a leap forward in the Franco-Prussian War and then again in the First World War. At the same time, Europe took centre stage for humanitarian operations. This principally Eurocentric perspective lasted for around a century, intertwining itself with the redefinition of both the geopolitical map of Europe and the international balance of power. We can identify in the path of action followed by the Genevan committee certain elements that, in the ensuing decades, characterised the development of the international aid system. One element was the emergence of

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray, and Philip M. Taylor

, Livingston and Hebert (2005). The aim here was to assess whether journalists adopted either adversarial language or, alternatively, deferential or reinforcing language towards story actors. As recommended by Althaus (2003: 385–8), this measure provides an insight into the extent to which journalists themselves make critical contributions to news stories. Story subjects This measure identifies the subject matter of news reports – for example, a news report might focus on the military campaign itself, civilian or military casualties, humanitarian operations or the background

in Pockets of resistance
Abstract only
Patterns of support, negotiation and opposition
Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray, and Philip M. Taylor

Oppositional model Sky, ITV, BBC Sun, Mail, Times, Telegraph Battle, justifications for war (esp. humanitarian) Channel 4 Mirror, Independent, Guardian Civilian casualties, military casualties, humanitarian operations, law and order Ali Abbas Mirror, Independent, Guardian Civilian casualties, military casualties, humanitarian operations, law and order Ali Abbas Jessica Lynch, anti-war movement Jessica Lynch case study provides an ‘ideal type’ example of the propensity of news media to champion ‘good news’ stories from the battlefront; moreover, it highlights the

in Pockets of resistance
Abstract only
Displacement and the humanitarian response to suffering: reflections on aiding Armenia
Peter Gatrell

-state Actors’ Humanitarian Operations in the Aftermath of the First World War: The Case of the Near East Relief’, in F. Klose (ed.), The Emergence of Humanitarian Intervention: Ideas and Practice from the Nineteenth Century to the Present (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 185–207. 12 A good starting point is B. Taithe and J. Borton, ‘History, Memory and “Lessons Learnt” for Humanitarian Pactitioners’, European Review of History , 23:1–2 (2016), 210–24.

in Aid to Armenia
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

Davide Rodogno

happened fast, and left unsatisfied scholars from other disciplines interested in reading overviews on the history of humanitarianism. Tired of waiting, one political scientist bravely ventured into history and, in 2011, published Empire of Humanity . 6 Michael Barnett connected the antislavery and missionary movements of the nineteenth century to post-Cold War humanitarian operations and the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863, to the emergence of the major international humanitarian organisations of the twentieth century. The level of

in The Red Cross Movement