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The Kinder
Tony Kushner

, is followed by one of the most chilling items presented in the exhibition as a whole – a dissecting table from a Nazi euthanasia centre for children regarded as mentally or physically unfit.69 Inevitably, the trauma of the Holocaust has made its mark on post-war Jewish identities whether at an individual or collective level. Susan Soyinka’s 130 The Kinder mother came to England in 1938 as a young refugee from Vienna and was one of the few members of her family to survive the Nazi era. Soyinka has written a powerful account of the evacuation of the Jews’ Free

in The battle of Britishness
J.W.M. Hichberger

context. The street urchin is from the very class that would be recruited into the army as an adult, and precisely the type who had been found to be physically unfit to serve. He is, however, robust and healthy-looking, but, more than that, he is full of the right kind of sentiment — patriotic and militaristic. The painting must therefore be read as a reassurance. Sons of the Empire still existed

in Images of the army
Laura Ugolini

specimen of that’.61 Despite such lowering of standards, rejection rates remained significant. In September 1918 the Prime Minister, Lloyd George, asserted that in the course of the war around one million men had been turned down as physically unfit for military service.62 It is worth noting that physical unfitness did not necessarily ensure sympathetic treatment. As healthy, strong bodies gained a new centrality to late Victorian and Edwardian notions of good citizenship, with ‘the fit • 132 • chap4.indd 132 05/04/2013 11:05:21 Civilians and military service male

in Civvies
Laura Ugolini

Haven, CT, 2004), p. 15. 104 Ibid., pp. 15, 178–80. 105 W. J. Dawson, The Father of a Soldier (John Lane, The Bodley Head, ­London, 1918), pp. 78, 93. The book follows Dawson’s growing acceptance of his sons’ military service as ‘the highest duty which the soul can recognise’. See pp. 196–7. 106 Quoted in Emden and Humphries, All Quiet on the Home Front, p. 24. Burge was rejected as physically unfit for military service. See also p. 25. 107 Robinson, ‘Diary of the Great War’, 10 November 1914, vol. 1, P.401, IWM Documents. 108 Ibid., 26 October 1915. 109 Ibid

in Civvies
The uprising of 1916 in Semirech’e
Aminat Chokobaeva

intended to plug a gaping hole left by the war in the draft-​eligible male population. Despite drafting only sons and physically unfit men, and dropping the minimum draft age by two years, the military was still short of a million labourers at the front. In part, this shortage of labour was caused by the policies of ethnic cleansing targeting ethnic Jews and Germans in the Western borderlands of the Empire, as well as the flight of civilians from the destruction, violence and hunger.6 In May 1916, the Council of Ministers resolved to draft the inorodtsy of Turkestan for

in The Central Asian Revolt of 1916
Abstract only
Carol Acton and Jane Potter

and Where It Fell (London: Methuen & Co., 1902) offers ‘an outline of the recent war, from the standpoint of the women and children’, and describes the destruction of homes, relief work, life and death in the camps, and agitation in England for humane treatment of the ‘enemy’. A royal commission charged with investigating how the war was handled catalogued a lack of army intelligence, mismanaged hospitals and sickly working-class volunteers. The Inter-Departmental Committee on Physical Deterioration found that 60 per cent of all recruits were physically unfit to

in Working in a world of hurt
Frederick H. White

, real symptoms seemed to lead to very unattractive outcomes. The point is not to dismiss these diagnoses as simple hocus-pocus, but to understand them in their cultural context and the personalized anxiety they caused. Irina Sirotkina argues that the Russian diagnosis of neurasthenia was different from the Western diagnosis in which the rapid pace of industrial life supposedly sapped the individual’s life-force. ‘The archetypal Russian neurasthenic was hard-working, intelligent, often poor and a physically unfit person, oppressed by a lack of freedom and suffering

in Degeneration, decadence and disease in the Russian fin de siècle
John M. MacKenzie

sport, adventure, and exploration in Canada, India, the Far East, and Russia. Bumbleby-Phipps, who is physically unfit and something of a coward, hopes to secure a title by some geographical feat. But travel and hunting under Gilmore’s tutelage make a man even of him while turning the boys into young heroes. Stables succeeds in mixing excitement and danger, shooting exploits and satirical fun in an unusual

in Imperialism and juvenile literature
Abstract only
Viv Gardner and Diane Atkinson

’4 physiological discourse, bringing the proud male right down to “cellular” equality with the female and refuting his superiority, physical, mental and moral, in every way, appealed to me immensely. I, who had mostly attended co-educational schools, had always felt on a perfect equality with boys. Women working in fields, whose muscular strength counts, are certainly “superior” in that respect to the male weaklings who are physically unfit to perform such work. It is impossible to draw a line between the sexes. Given a “fair field and no favour” in opportunity of

in Kitty Marion
Women and youth across a century of censure
David W. Gutzke

such events for a great military power, the war also raised broader questions. From huge industrial cities came thousands of patriotic slum dwellers as recruits for the Army, only to be deemed physically unfit for service. Nearly three-fourths of Manchester’s volunteers failed the physical, with two-thirds of the rest admitted only into the militia. Of the original eleven thousand recruits, just one thousand met the Army’s physical standards.7 Manchester was by no means exceptional. In 1901, B. Seebohm Rowntree published statistics of over one-fourth of men from

in Women drinking out in Britain since the early twentieth century