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Between mental states and institutional objects
Sufyan Droubi

puise sa sagesse dans la science qui a dénoncé les péril, son dynamisme dans la necessite de fair vite. Elle est tout à la fois coutume savante et alertante. 1 In a well-known 1974 piece, from which the words above have been extracted, René-Jean Dupuy sheds light on many aspects of importance for the present discussion about the role of international organisations in the formation of customary international law, specifically, in the formation of opinio juris , in the present times. Dupuy starts by affirming a tension between fact and mind, and by highlighting the

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjörn Larsson, and Frode Veggeland

3436 Unpacking international organisations:2833Prelims 22/3/10 14:56 Page 138 7 Supranational dynamics in international bureaucracies Exploring supranational dynamics In this chapter we will investigate how supranational dynamics are played out among civil servants working in the bureaucracies of the WTO, the OECD and the Commission. In order to do this, we need to have a clear understanding of what ‘supranational dynamics’ are. What do we mean by ‘supranationalism’ and what is a ‘supranational mode of governance’? What does it mean to act and behave

in Unpacking international organisations
Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjörn Larsson, and Frode Veggeland

3436 Unpacking international organisations:2833Prelims 22/3/10 14:56 Page 21 2 On the principles of organisation of international bureaucracies Beyond single-case studies there is a surprising dearth of theoretically informed comparative studies of the internal dynamics of international bureaucracies (Barnett and Finnemore 1999; Checkel 2003; Gehring 2003: 4; Gould and Kelman 1970; Johnston 2005; Mouritzen 1990; Reinalda and Verbeek 2004b; Rochester 1986). International bureaucracies – and particularly international civil servants – are the invisible actors

in Unpacking international organisations
Abstract only
Mary Venner

institutions, or re-engineering old ones, to achieve long-term social, political and economic transformation. Given that international organisations and developed country governments can be expected to continue to launch efforts to transform post-conflict territories, or indeed any country classified as ‘underdeveloped’, what does the experience in Kosovo tell us about the enterprise? This account of the

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjörn Larsson, and Frode Veggeland

3436 Unpacking international organisations:2833Prelims 22/3/10 14:56 Page 171 9 Intergovernmental dynamics in international bureaucracies Traditionally, an intergovernmental behavioural pattern has been seen as containing two core ingredients. Firstly, an official is guided by intergovernmental dynamics if s/he acts in accordance with formal or informal instructions or mandates issued by his or her member state. The second aspect of intergovernmental dynamics focuses on the self-perceptions of the officials. An official is thus intergovernmental if s/he is

in Unpacking international organisations
Jean-Baptiste Merlin

As other chapters in this volume confirm, the role of international organisations in the formation and expression of rules of customary international law, as well as the extent of such a role, remains controversial in legal doctrine and practice. This chapter explores several aspects of the practice of the Secretariat of the United Nations as a specific example in an attempt to identify significant points that may inform the general debate on the issue. In so doing, it follows a practical approach based on the recent work of the International Law Commission

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Abstract only
Jarle Trondal, Martin Marcussen, Torbjörn Larsson, and Frode Veggeland

3436 Unpacking international organisations:2833Prelims 22/3/10 14:56 Page 88 5 The WTO Secretariat The World Trade Organization (WTO)was established as an intergovernmental organisation in 1995 and is the only global organisation to deal with the regulation of world trade. The creation of the WTO was one of the most dramatic advances in multilateralism since the institutionbuilding period of the late 1940s when inter alia GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), the predecessor to the WTO, was created (WTO 2004: 9). The increased importance of the GATT

in Unpacking international organisations
Abstract only
Mary Venner

Official reports on the UN Mission in Kosovo generally refer to UNMIK as the only significant actor in the territory during its post-conflict reconstruction. In the field of public administration development, however, several large and influential international organisations and bilateral donors in addition to the UN played leading roles. Although the majority of these actors

in Donors, technical assistance and public administration in Kosovo
Nigel D. White

This chapter explains what an inter-governmental organisation (IGO) is and why the UN is the leading example. A contrast will be made with other forms of organisation, particularly the supranational integration organisation (principally the EU). This chapter also defines the law of international organisations as the law governing, applicable to and produced by such organisations, and explains how this is best studied through a focus on the UN and related IGOs. The method used in the book is explained. This is not over-theorised given the textbook nature of the

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
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Identity and socialisation
Susan Park

3402 World Bank Group:2634Prelims 12/11/09 14:56 Changing IOs: identity and socialisation Page 33 33 diffusion compares to the process of policy diffusion throughout the world. There is a broad literature on the spread of policies across IR and comparative politics that examine the spread of globalisation and economic and political liberalisation (see for example the special edition of International Organisation 2006; Campbell and Pederson 2001; Streek and Thelen 2005). Like the institutionalists mentioned here this book explores how ideas shape the

in World Bank Group interactions with environmentalists