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South Asian doctors and the reinvention of British general practice (1940s– 1980s)

The NHS is traditionally viewed as a typically British institution; a symbol of national identity. It has however always been dependent on a migrant workforce whose role has until recently received little attention from historians. Migrant Architects draws on 45 oral history interviews (40 with South Asian GPs who worked through this period) and extensive archival research to offer a radical reappraisal of how the National Health Service was made.

This book is the first history of the first generation of South Asian doctors who became GPs in the National Health Service. Their story is key to understanding the post-war history of British general practice and therefore the development of a British healthcare system where GPs play essential roles in controlling access to hospitals and providing care in community settings.

Imperial legacies, professional discrimination and an exodus of British-trained doctors combined to direct a large proportion of migrant doctors towards work as GPs in industrial areas. In some parts of Britain they made up more than half of the GP workforce. This book documents the structural dependency of British general practice on South Asian doctors. It also focuses on the agency of migrant practitioners and their transformative roles in British society and medicine.

The politics of Empire settlement, 1900–1922
Keith Williams

, wandering out of the Empire . . .’ 11 -and migration within the boundaries of the Empire. The loaded semantic distinction between ‘Empire settlement’, ‘oversea settlement’, ‘Empire migration’, all acceptable terms, and ‘emigration’ which was ‘by many people regarded almost as synonymous with exile’ 12 was regularly underlined. As Leo Amery, the leading political spokesman of the Empire settlement movement

in Emigrants and empire
Kent Fedorowich

officials and assert their authority, the new leadership eagerly launched itself into its responsibilities convinced ‘that we must in time give it a new “orientation” ‘. 44 The distinguishing feature of the Milner-Amery partnership was that they possessed a clear set of imperial objectives. 45 Leading the list of priorities was an aggressive Empire migration policy. The task of assisting ex-servicemen was a

in Emigrants and empire
Labour colonies and the Empire
John Field

overseas emigration, Claydon Training Centre was largely a product of the 1924 minority Labour government. George Plant, secretary to OSC, later wrote that before 1924, everyone had the impression that the Labour Government and organized labour would be opposed to a policy of Empire migration and settlement in principle. But as soon as Labour Ministers got to grips with the problem they saw the great possibilities of Empire settlement and development, and were no whit behind their political opponents in pressing on with the policy of State aid under suitable conditions

in Working men’s bodies
Kent Fedorowich

colonial development and social relief. By 1914 the arguments for soldier settlement on the grounds of imperial defence and of empire development had reached a level of equality. Moreover, the linkage of soldier settlement with imperial development allowed empire migration enthusiasts the opportunity to use soldier settlement as a vehicle for the formulation of a more ambitious post-World War I migration

in Unfit for heroes
Abstract only
The sounds of liberty
Kate Bowan and Paul A. Pickering

from Fiction’, Times Higher Education Supplement (12 July 2002), available at (accessed 24 March 2016). 39 Kent Fedorowich and Andrew S. Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013), p. 2

in Sounds of liberty
Marjory Harper

threat as a result of restrictive immigration policies in the United States and, to a lesser extent, Australia. 30 By 1929 W. A. Carrothers was sounding a more pessimistic note from a British standpoint. In a book that relied mainly on official sources to examine more than a century of emigration, he confirmed the positive importance of assisted empire migration but bemoaned the failure of the ESA to achieve its potential in an era of increasing economic dislocation, falling birth rates and social welfare schemes that

in Emigration from Scotland between the wars
Abstract only
John M. MacKenzie

.D thesis, University of London, 1985; Brian L. Blakeley, ‘The Society for the Overseas Settlement of British Women and the problems of Empire settlement, 1917–36’, Albion , 20 (1988), pp 421–44: Dane Kennedy, ‘Empire migration in post-war reconstruction: the role of the Overseas Settlement Committee, 1919–22’, Albion , 20 (1988), pp. 403–19; Marjory Harpur

in Imperialism and the natural world
Daughters of the Empire, mothers in their own homes, 1929–45
Katie Pickles

Annual Report, 32. 2 NAC MG28 I 17 12,1, 6, 1930 National Meeting Minutes. 3 Ibid . 4 Dane Kennedy, ‘Empire migration in post-war reconstruction: the role of the Oversea

in Female imperialism and national identity
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Britishness, empire, and Hong Kong
Mark Hampton

), Rediscovering the British World (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2005); Kent Fedorowich and Andrew S. Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013); Barry Crosbie and Mark Hampton (eds), The Cultural Construction of the British World (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97