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Shurlee Swain and Margot Hillel

unjust practice of regarding the little vagrant as the law-breaker. The charge must, in future, be against the parent.’ 121 The NSPCC had its first success in 1889 with the passage of the Act for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, popularly called the Children’s Charter. For the first time this act made explicit the limits of parental power over their children

in Child, nation, race and empire
Martin Thomas

family law in associationist terms: respect for indigenous tradition was balanced against altruistic concern for freedom of the individual. But the core element in the scheme – statements of free consent to marriage by both spouses – threatened to undermine arranged marriage, negotiated bride price and parental power over their children. 69 Brévié’s revived scheme culminated in a

in The French empire between the wars
Katie Barclay

’.36 Twenty-one was also the usual age that children came into any trusts or settlements that had been previously held by parents. Children’s, especially daughters’, marriage portions were oen stipulated in their parents’ marriage contracts and were normally paid on marriage or at twenty-one. is restricted parental power over children, as was recognised by some contemporaries. During the marriage negotiation of Julian Home, there was concern over specifying the children’s settlements in the marriage contract. George Home noted that ‘My Lo: Harcasse alledged that

in Love, intimacy and power
Sarah-Anne Buckley

this construction. Although the Poor Law had restricted and questioned parental power (particularly that of fathers) from the 1830s, the NSPCC deliberately advanced legislative reforms that increasingly involved the State in the private lives of families. As the quotation opening this chapter elucidates, unlike ‘other societies’, the Society was focused on reforming parents through the threat of prosecution, and as charity work took on a greater class consciousness and class fear in the nineteenth century, the children of the poor became a primary focus. An analysis

in The cruelty man
Abstract only
His life and cultural interests
Cesare Cuttica

N. Tadmor, ‘Women and Wives: The Language of Marriage in early Modern english Biblical Translations’, History Workshop Journal, 62 (2006), pp. 1–27, pp. 1–2). In this piece, which for schochet was ‘perhaps … a lay sermon’ (schochet, ‘New Bibliographical Discoveries’, p. 147), Filmer spoke of the ‘great benefits of conjugal society’ and ‘mutual consent’. He referred to ‘parental power’ rather than to ‘paternal power’. Despite holding adultery a punishable offence, Filmer also acknowledged the status of unmarried women unrestrained by any marital contracts and that

in Sir Robert Filmer (1588-1653) and the patriotic monarch
Simon Malpas and Andrew Taylor

, ‘The Secret Integration’ enacts such a version of blackface, for the collective construction and inhabitation of Carl becomes the story’s most potent signifier of a desire to confront the segregationist prejudices of the adult world. Yet the story makes clear that the possibilities of interracial harmony may remain elusive, for parental power is always ready to reassert itself. The children begin to realise that their plotting and subversion will not succeed, for the energy required to maintain such acts of dissent will run down and dissipate as imaginative intent is

in Thomas Pynchon
Abstract only
Deborah Youngs

. In towns and villages across Europe, local laws and customs supported parental power in the arrangement of marriages. In most Italian cities, laws demanded parental consent for the marriages of daughters under certain ages. For example, parental consent was required for daughters up to the age of fifteen (in Vercelli), sixteen (Ascoli), eighteen (Padua), twenty (Brescia, Pisa, Vicenza) and twenty

in The life–cycle in Western Europe, c.1300-c.1500
Singlehood in the patriarch’s household
Isaac Stephens

and mistress in such homes, and this partnership could not work well if forced upon them unwillingly by their parents. The theme of parental power underscores scholarship on courtship and marriage that has long crystallized around scholarly debate over whether economics or romantic love was more important in the formation of early modern English marriage. Lawrence Stone has argued that when it came to marriage negotiations, the concern for the upper ranks of English society was to maintain, if not to expand their family status and estates. For this reason, the

in The gentlewoman’s remembrance
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

nervosa and had had a tragic childhood. The local authority sought guidance whether W could, if it proved necessary, be moved to a specialist unit and force-fed. As W was 16, she was empowered to consent to treatment by virtue of section 8 of the Family Law Reform Act 1969. The Court of Appeal ruled that section 8 on its wording solely empowered a minor over 16 to give an ‘effective consent’ to treatment. Section 8(3) 161 preserved the concurrent parental power to authorise treatment and the inherent powers of the courts to act to protect a minor’s welfare. Lord

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
Bonnie Evans

This chapter explores how new techniques were developed to measure 'social impairment' in children in light of the Seebohm reforms of 1968 and other legal changes of the early 1970s. These led to major changes in the organisation of educational and social services. The closure of mental deficiency institutions in the wake of the 1959 Mental Health Act, the Seebohm reforms and the slow integration of all children into the education system were transforming ideas about social work. The new theory of autism and the autistic spectrum provided new models for thinking about human social development that were just as detailed and complex as those presented by the psychoanalysts. Lorna Wing's work was important because she developed a new theory of social development that held both political and scientific sway.

in The metamorphosis of autism