Search results

Marriage, birth control and sexual morality
Laura Schwartz

’s son Charles Vickery Drysdale in 1898. Bessie and Charles Vickery quickly assumed a central role in the Malthusian League. Their leadership amplified an already existing current of eugenicist thought, and they argued that physically unfit individuals should be discouraged from reproducing. 138 The new couple combined birth control advocacy with support for a wide range of women’s rights: Bessie served time in Holloway Prison

in Infidel feminism
Abstract only
Competing visions of the Home Guard
Penny Summerfield and Corinna Peniston-Bird

George VI put it. However, not only enthusiasts outside the age-limits, but immigrants, Irishmen, Jews, communists and socialists could find themselves beyond the pale. The exclusion of youths under 17 and men over 65, as well as men deemed physically unfit, suggested that the masculinity of these social groups was impaired. Exclusion on the grounds of nationality and political affiliation indicated the limits of democratic inclusivity. And whatever the rationale, the definition of such groups as marginal to the war effort contradicted the all-embracing rhetoric of the

in Contesting home defence
Abstract only
Recovering the civilian man
Juliette Pattinson, Arthur McIvor, and Linsey Robb

renamed the Home Guard, a voluntary organisation formed in 1940 at the height of the invasion scare, was just thirty-​five, with many in their teens and twenties also joining.13 It would v3v 4 Men in reserve appear then that the wartime civilian man is remembered as too old, too young or physically unfit, and is often depicted culturally in this way. Yet as John Tosh has asserted, adopting such an approach, in which cultural representation is emphasised at the expense of experience, often ignores the lived reality encountered by individuals.14 This book prioritises

in Men in reserve
The founding of the FANY 1907–14
Janet Lee

important not to overestimate the presence of professional and volunteer nurses in military positions during the Edwardian period, there were cultural changes afoot that helped provide a context for an increased acceptance of women military nursing staff. These included threats to Empire and generalized insecurities concerning military readiness as well as deeper anxieties about the state of British manhood. In some areas of Britain half of all men who attempted to enlist in 1897 at the start of the Boer War were declared physically unfit for service. The near-defeat in

in War girls
The formation of a female nursing yeomanry
Juliette Pattinson

-be volunteers who were rejected for being physically unfit. As the leader of the Scouting movement frequently asserted, ‘You cannot maintain an A-1 Empire on C-3 men.’ 16 The National Service League, formed in 1902 and born out of that context of near failure and resultant fear, sought to highlight the army’s shortcomings in fighting a future war and campaigned for compulsory military training for all physically fit eighteen-to-twenty-one-year-old men. 17 The speeches of Lord Roberts, one of its founders and Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in the South African War

in Women of war
Driving in the First World War
Juliette Pattinson

elderly and the physically unfit, and the battlefield, a purely masculine domain. 196 Driving a motorised ambulance of incapacitated wounded men near to the front and undertaking for herself the mechanical maintenance of her vehicle gave her freedom, mobility, responsibility, agency and authority. She was equipped with appropriate skills previously deemed masculine, such as physical strength, mechanical know-how and bravery; wore practical clothing; and was undertaking an important role in the public domain. In multiple ways then, she was inherently transgressive and

in Women of war
Margaret Brazier and Emma Cave

there is no room or need for the inherent jurisdiction but ‘even in the case of an adult who lacks capacity within the meaning of the 2005 Act, it appears that the inherent jurisdiction survives, albeit now reinforced by the provisions of the Mental Capacity Act 2005’. 182 Protecting the public 6.21 May treatment ever be enforced on an adult with capacity for the benefit of others? In the United Kingdom, unlike the USA, 183 legislation has never enforced sterilisation on those seen as mentally or physically unfit to reproduce. In England, unlike many countries

in Medicine, patients and the law (sixth edition)
The Public Service Commission, 1886–87
Mrinalini Sinha

populations in the North-West Provinces would welcome the appointment of ‘effeminate Bengalis’, because the latter would be unable to establish control over the districts under their charge. 89 Similarly, the Anglo-Indian Principal of Lahore College testified that Bengalis were morally and physically unfit to govern ‘virile Muslim populations’. 90 Since ‘excitable races’ required a ‘strong hand

in Colonial masculinity
Satadru Sen

physically unfit for military service. On the other, the conduct of the fighting – with its initial defeats and the subsequent “dirty war” against Boer guerrillas, including the wholesale burning of farms and the notorious incarceration of women and children in concentration camps – seriously damaged the image of British military chivalry. 95 The compensatory reaction in Britain included a surfeit of athletic machismo. In creating the Rhodes scholarship, Cecil Rhodes was at pains to emphasize that the grants were intended not for

in Migrant races
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

unemployment as greater attention was paid to the social characteristics of the unemployed and to the factors that led to joblessness in the first place. One survey carried out in Merthyr Tydfil in 1929, for example, found that 60 per cent of the unemployed men in the town were over the age of forty and noted that a large proportion of them were ‘physically unfit’.164 This seems to have been a particular problem in south Wales, relative to other coalfields. The social survey on unemployment conducted on behalf of the Pilgrim Trust in the 1930s, for example, found that a high

in Disability in industrial Britain