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Stephanie Barczewski

money came from the Empire. 3 What does this mean for the relationship between empire building and landed property in Britain? That relationship has been examined most extensively by P. J. Cain and A. G. Hopkins, who argue that ‘gentlemanly capitalism’ was the driving force behind Britain’s imperial expansion. Cain and Hopkins attribute the expansion of empire not to the growth of industrial

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
Anandi Ramamurthy

eulogised Stanley’s view of the commodity as a civilising source which would promote capitalism. McClintock comments on the relationship between the image of black people and whiteness in soap advertising and the denial of women’s labour on these newly branded products. Neither author, however, attempts to link the material interests of particular companies to their use of the black figure

in Imperial persuaders
Abstract only
The empire in one city?
Sheryllynne Haggerty, Anthony Webster, and Nicholas J. White

. Not surprisingly, Liverpool and indeed other provincial cities have received limited attention in the work of Peter Cain and Antony Hopkins. In proposing the notion of ‘gentlemanly capitalism’, Cain and Hopkins have argued that Britain’s overseas expansion in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as well as the survival, revival and contraction of British imperial power during the twentieth century

in The empire in one city?
John Holt & Co. (Liverpool) Ltd as a contemporary free-standing company, 1945–2006
Stephanie Decker

development fell into three distinct phases (see Table 9.1 ), of which the first two were common for British business in these years. From its inception until its merger with Lonrho, Holt was a family-run business. This has been described as ‘personal capitalism’ by Alfred Chandler, who argued that this was typical of British business. 10 From the 1950s onwards, Holt experimented with new enterprises, and introduced new divisions to

in The empire in one city?
The forging of European temporal identities
Giordano Nanni

Europe, the bell became the regulator of work rhythms in the factory and the workshop, backed by the increasing exactitude of the mechanical clock and enforced with ever more draconian penalties for the tardy. The rise of capitalism and the work-clock thus went hand in hand: time became a quantifiable measure of exchange-value in the marketplace for trading in the commodity of human labour, the currency in which the

in The colonisation of time
Abstract only
Mrinalini Sinha

Capitalism and British Overseas Expansion, i: The Old Colonial System, 1688–1850’, Economic History Review, 34 [1986), 501–25; and ‘Gentlemanly Capitalism and British Overseas Expansion, ii: New Imperialism, 1850–1945’, Economic History Review, 40 11987), 1–27. 7 See Martin J. Wiener, English Culture and the

in Colonial masculinity
Neville Kirk

been held responsible by many for the crisis of a system of deregulated capitalism which they had so fervently championed, but have also been widely perceived in Britain as weak, indecisive, divided and largely ineffective in their responses. 8 In Australia the Hawke–Keating economic ‘experiment’ was by no means an unqualified triumph. Yet we will see that Hawke and Keating were extremely successful in convincing the electorate that in their hands the ALP had become the party of ‘superior economic management’ and

in Labour and the politics of Empire
Tim Youngs

believes it difficult to prove a ‘connection with expansive capitalism convincingly except at the very general level’. 27 His survey of membership leads him to suggest that ‘the “scientific interest” arose … not so much from a commercial middle class but from a bureaucratic and functional bourgeoisie’. 28 So, although the Society may in one sense have had ‘genuine scientific’ aims, these have to be

in Travellers in Africa
The Ocean group in East and Southeast Asia, c. 1945–73
Nicholas J. White

. The Ocean group, ‘gentlemanly capitalism’, and Merseyside The OSSCo., which ran the Blue Funnel Line, was established in Liverpool during 1865 by Alfred and Philip Holt. 7 The Holt brothers proved themselves pioneers of steamship services from Liverpool/Birkenhead to China via Singapore, quickly dominating the home carriage of China tea and Malayan tin, as well as the

in The empire in one city?
Abstract only
Dana Arnold

developing world through colonialism and adapted by subject races in Latin America and Asia, suggesting that nationalism was created in the eighteenth century as an ‘imagined community’ or a ‘cultural artefact’. 8 For Anderson, the development of nationalism stems from the convergence of capitalism and print technology on human language, which is primarily responsible for the emotional attachment to

in Cultural identities and the aesthetics of Britishness