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The policy debate in Henrician Ireland, c.1515–1546
David Heffernan

‘put in order’ the conquest and settlement of Gaelic Ireland was to be undertaken. The two areas focused on were the part of Leinster lying between Wexford and Dublin, or ‘south Leinster’ as it would soon become known, and Ulster, particularly the region along the eastern seaboard in Antrim and Down.32 Some conciliation was seen and the ‘Pander’ did suggest the incorporation of the greater Irish chiefs by making them lords of parliament.33 The overall significance of the ‘State’ is hard to evaluate. The Salus Populi from which it would appear to be derived is almost

in Debating Tudor policy in sixteenth-century Ireland
David Heffernan

united in opposition to the Gaelic-Irish and Old English communities.8 In keeping with this, the period is also   8 The following are just some of the more prominent examples from amongst the numerous studies which have drawn such a conclusion: Nicholas Canny, The formation of the Old English elite in Ireland (Dublin, 1975); Brendan Bradshaw, ‘Sword, word and strategy in the Reformation in Ireland’, The Historical Journal 21:3 (1978), pp. 475–502; Nicholas Canny, ‘Edmund Spenser and the development of an Anglo-Irish identity’, The Yearbook of English Studies 13

in Dublin
Abstract only
Lindsay J. Proudfoot and Dianne P. Hall

Anglo-Saxon bloodlines to an extent that renders any claim to an authentically Gaelic Irish identity meaningless, except as a reflexive act of the imagination. 81 Moreover, experience and memory also change, and so, accordingly, does the individual or community’s sense of ethnicity, which invokes both of these. Ethnic consciousness is thus performative, developmental and contingent on circumstance; which, of

in Imperial spaces
Andrew Hadfield

–2000 (Cambridge, 2002), ch. 1. GRIBBEN 9781526113245 PRINT.indd 63 20/04/2017 15:33 64 Andrew Hadfield of hierarchy, and a proclamation of collective privilege’, very similar to the civic pageants in Elizabethan London.43 These processions and public performances often expressed Dublin’s complex sense of itself, caught between Gaelic Ireland and imperial England, uneasily negotiating a sense of identity between the two. They also suggest that Dublin would have seemed more obviously connected to the past than many English cities and it is not clear how vigorously medieval

in Dublin
Abstract only
Debating Tudor policy in Ireland: The ‘reform’ treatises
David Heffernan

one of the sewers of the king’s chamber, Edmund Sexton, composed a number of tracts in the 1530s, the notorious archbishop of Cashel, Miler McGrath, wrote several treatises in the 1590s, while Francis Shane, an anglicised O’Farrell, prepared papers on military strategy during the Nine Years War.16 Other than these there are a handful of Gaelic Irish writers, notably Cormac MacBrian O’Connor and Turlough O’Brien.17 This, broadly speaking, was how the authorship of the ‘reform’ treatises broke down along ethnic lines. A more complicated issue is the station of the

in Debating Tudor policy in sixteenth-century Ireland
Victoria L. McAlister

chapter highlights a select number from across the country. One estimate has the number of extant urban tower houses at thirty-seven; the original number will, of course, have been many times higher (Murtagh, 1989 ). For example, only one example survives of a reported eight in Naas, County Kildare (Murtagh, 1985 –86). That urban tower house examples come from across the country and a variety of contexts is worth noting. This includes from the Pale, from ‘contact zones’ and from Gaelic-Irish areas. Tower houses are known in towns with both long and short histories

in The Irish tower house
Abstract only
Ian Miller

programme drawn up in 1919 which had stipulated that: It shall be the first duty of the Government of the Republic to make provision for the physical, mental and spiritual well-being of the children, to secure that no child shall suffer hunger or cold from lack of food, clothing, or shelter, but that all shall be provided with the means and facilities requisite for their proper education and training as Citizens of a Free and Gaelic Ireland.22 The formal education of poorly nourished children also persisted as a problematic issue, despite earlier decades of agitation by

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland
Ian Campbell

Irish Ireland. It is also remarkable that Gaelic Irish doctors – Ó Conchubhair was an accomplished member of a prestigious medical dynasty – do not seem to have had any difficulty finding patients and hosts on the borders of the Pale and even among stalwarts of English power in Ireland like the Butlers.4 Finally, the subject of Ó Conchubhair’s labour was also characteristic: a new manuscript of an existing Irish translation of a popular and orthodox continental medical text.5 Judging from the one hundred Irish medical manuscripts which survive from the fifteenth

in Renaissance humanism and ethnicity before race
Thomas O’Connor

Spanish to support Irish militants like Hugh O’Neill, then in rebellion against Elizabeth I. This gave increased influence to his Irish supporters in Spain, notably Flaithrí Ó Maol Chonaire (Florence Conry), then a student in the fledgling Salamanca college. When he complained about Jesuit management there, alleging a bias Chambers_O’Connor_Printer.indd 97 08/09/2017 09:53 98 COLLEGE COMMUNITIES ABROAD against Gaelic Irish entrants, a Spanish government investigation ensued.60 In the meantime, however, the Ulster earls and their Spanish allies suffered defeat and

in College communities abroad
Bryan Fanning

contemporary English verse to produce an authentic piece of Gaelic literature rooted in the society he came from: His language – that is its principal glory – is also a complete break with literary Irish. It is the spoken Irish of Clare … What Merriman aimed at was something that had never been guessed at in Gaelic Ireland; a perfectly proportioned work of art on a contemporary subject, with every detail subordinated to the central theme.33 Yet Merriman, ‘the intellectual Protestant’ and schoolteacher-farmer who somehow ‘knew as much about Lawrence and Gide as he knew of

in Irish adventures in nation-building