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An interview with David Byrne
Graham Spencer

, including the UN International Court of Justice in The Hague. It was important for the Irish Government and many of the parties that the British–Irish Agreement had this status confirmed by registration with the UN. The parties believed that registration made a strong political statement, as it emphasised that the Agreement was recognised by the primary international agency of the world where almost all

in Inside Accounts, Volume II
Alain-Guy Sipowo

provide for the distinct feature of international legal personality, which is the capacity to bring international claims. 18 The intermediate approach to legal personality followed by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Reparation for Injuries Suffered in the Service of the United Nations case is clearer. The Court considered in this case that an entity holds

in African perspectives in international investment law
Leslie C. Green

that jurisdiction over war crimes is universal, any country holding a war criminal would possess jurisdiction to try him. Allegations by one state of breaches of the law of war by another may lead to reprisals, so long as these are still permissible; or, subject to the special rules concerning its jurisdiction, be submitted for adjudication by the International Court of Justice which can, at the most

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Ion Diaconu

General Assembly in 2011, includes some very important rules concerning multilateral human rights treaties, mainly the presumption of separability of reservations to such treaties which are not compatible with the object and the purpose of the treaty, from the ratification of the treaty by the respective State. The jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice, of regional courts on human rights, and of other international tribunals is also important, giving impetus to the formation of a general practice and leading to customary rules of international law in the

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Abstract only
Harry Blutstein

the same privileges as an up-­and-­coming superpower by claiming vast parts of the East and South China Sea within territorial waters of Vietnam, Japan, Brunei, Indonesia, Taiwan, Malaysia and the Philippines. Rather than resolve this dispute by using international law, on 31 March 2014 Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hong Lei attacked the proposal by the Philippines to have the dispute arbitrated by the International Court of Justice, declaring that: ‘It is a political provocation by abusing international legal means’, and going on to ominously threaten the

in The ascent of globalisation
The Afro-Arab Peacemaker
Adekeye Adebajo

causes of conflicts in societies emerging from civil war. 40 Finally, in his Oxford University Cyril Foster lecture in January 1996, Boutros-Ghali called for UN member states to accept the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) without reservation. Just as with his idea of promoting democratisation within and between states, he called for the creation of both a local and a global “rule of law”. 41 Two international criminal tribunals on Rwanda and Yugoslavia were created under Boutros-Ghali’s watch, and these

in The Pan-African Pantheon
Veronika Bílková

the emergence or crystallization of customary rules’. 103 The statement is not completely clear, yet it suggests that the exclusion of non-State actors from the norm-making processes was not considered absolute by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. 104 Other judicial bodies have either not commented on the issue or have taken more cautious approach. Yet, it is interesting to note that even some of the International Court of Justice judges have not completely discarded the possibility of non-State actors involvement in the formatiom of

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
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Europeanisation in the making
Boyka Stefanova

Western Balkans, Kosovo represents a hard case for establishing the causal effects of integration. In the absence of a negotiated settlement, the positions of the conflict parties have remained mutually irreconcilable. The conflict issue, the status of Kosovo, has not been unequivocally resolved, despite an advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) which found that Kosovo’s unilateral

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
Matthias Maass

1923. The more disputes were handled by courts and through the rule of law, the more legal equality among states became a reality. Better yet, the more disputes were handled by lawyers and judges, the less the dynamics of power and coercion shaped the outcome of disputes. Both dynamics worked in favor of small states in particular. After the Second World War, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) became the successor to the PCIJ. Treaty law grew and customary International Law evolved further. In 1998, the evolution of international criminal law led to the

in Small states in world politics
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The vain search for legal unity in the fragmentation of global law
Andreas Fischer-Lescano and Gunther Teubner

identified an astonishing number of around 125 international institutions in which independent authorities reach final legal decisions. Among others, this international jurisdiction comprises the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, various tribunals for reparations, international criminal courts and tribunals, hybrid international-national tribunals, trade and

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis