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Law and conflicts over water in the Krishna River Basin
Radha D’Souza

relied heavily on the decisions of US courts where the social and historical contexts of the dispute were very different. The Tribunal also relied on the principles settled by the International Law Association, the International Law Commission and other UN bodies in river-water disputes that had divorced the rules from historical and political contexts in order to find

in Law, history, colonialism
Stuart Horsman

World Bank, for example, has supported only projects that do not contravene international water law principles.56 WARMAP has likwise been involved in this sphere: ‘Unlike the other aid projects with a technical focus, WARMAP had a specific legal and institutional agenda to create a framework for water sharing based on legal principles in accordance with the Helsinki Rules and International Law Commission recommendations’.57 Extra-regional organisations have played an important role in providing financial assistance to the region. The World Bank’s Vice President for

in Limiting institutions?
Norman Geras

the London Charter and in the judgement of the Nuremberg Tribunal should be formally codified; and in December 1950 the General Assembly duly adopted a set of those principles, as prepared by the International Law Commission.51 Principle VI (c) – bearing visible relation to Article 6 (c) of the London Charter – reads: Crimes against humanity: Murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation and other inhuman acts done against any civilian population, or persecutions on political, racial or religious grounds, when such acts are done or such persecutions are carried on

in Crimes against humanity
Open Access (free)
Reconceptualising states’ obligations in countering VAWH
Sara De Vido

achieving a precise result, with the consequence that ‘lack of due diligence is a breach of the obligation of conduct.’23 The debate on the obligation of prevention surrounded the question whether it was an obligation of conduct or of result, and it was not clear at the time which position Ago had taken in that respect.24 The International Law Commission departed from the notion elaborated by the Special Rapporteur, and approved at a first reading this version of Article 23: When the result required of a State by an international obligation is the prevention, by means of

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Abstract only
Nigel D. White

the International Legal Order (Routledge 2011) 178. 24 E. Zoller, Peacetime Unilateral Remedies: An Analysis of Countermeasures (Transnational 1984) 104–5. 25 Articles 41 and 54 ARS (2001). See J. Crawford, The International Law Commission’s Articles on State Responsibility (Cambridge University Press 2002) 302. 26 Article 53 UN Charter. See C. Dominicé, ‘Co-ordination between Universal and Regional Organizations’ in N.M. Blokker and H.G. Schermers (eds), Proliferation of International Organizations: Legal Issues (Kluwer 2001) 82; U. Villiani

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Legality and legitimacy
Dominic McGoldrick

Convention on Human Rights. 46 See General Assembly Resolution 95(I) (1946) and the International Law Commission’s formulation of the Nuremberg Principles (1950). 47 See G. Robertson, Crimes Against Humanity (London: Penguin, 2000). 48 See D. Turns and C. Byron, ‘The preparatory commission for the international criminal court’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 50 (2001), 420–34. 49 H. Kelsen, ‘Will the judgment at Nuremberg constitute a precedent?’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 1 (1947), 153–71; G. Lawrence (President of the IMT), ‘The Nuremberg

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Leslie C. Green

. 50 1974, 13 I.L.M. 710; see also International Law Commission Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind, 1991, 30 ibid ., 1585. 51 Since none of the states involved in the US/UK actions against Iraq is directed to this end, they might be considered as outside the definition

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Abstract only
Leslie C. Green

operations. By Article 16 the Convention applies ‘without prejudice to . . . the law of armed conflict and international humanitarian law, including the provisions relating to the status of combatants or prisoner of war’, so that a captured mercenary is still not considered as a legitimate combatant. The International Law Commission has now adopted a Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Sibylle Scheipers

prevention of political entanglements is a mere illusion: Only this last possibility [the initiation of prosecutions ex officio], which surprisingly was not included in the draft of the International Law Commission, would release the Court at least de jure from the exertion of political influence as to the question of when and who is supposed to be prosecuted. Vesting the prosecutor with the competence to investigate and prosecute ex officio would also represent a major progress compared with former international criminal tribunals, as with respect to the latter, it was

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
Leslie C. Green

by the Charter of the Nuremberg Tribunal. 169 It should be remembered, however, that this is only a recommendation lacking any legal force, but possessing significant political authority. Nevertheless, there is a tendency among the members of the United Nations, as well as writers, to accept this resolution as declaratory of customary law, especially as the International Law Commission

in The contemporary law of armed conflict