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Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

there has always been some expectation that benefit claimants will work, hence the principle of social insurance. The distinction has become popular to disguise the fact that what is now called active welfare is little more than a synonym for workfare policies that often coerce and punish the victim. Economic efficacy is now supposedly gained by reforming the worker rather than reforming the market. The idea that the Old Left ignored the importance of duties is another caricature (Deacon, 2000: 15). In fact, the NSD merely updates the principle of ‘less eligibility

in After the new social democracy
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

substantial continuities between the nineteenth-century minimalist state and the post-Victorian ‘penal–welfare’ state. He underlines the extent to which eugenics inspired the modern system of social security, so that the latter is the institutional embodiment of the genetic endowments we are assumed to possess. According to this interpretation, social policy prods the genetically unfit into labour colonies, workfare and social assistance schemes (King, 1999) and designs labour exchanges and social insurance systems for the genetically fit. Taken individually, none of the

in After the new social democracy
Towards a more critical union?
Chris Armstrong

asserting that ‘the fact of the matter is, people hold other people responsible’ (see Matravers 2002: 569). His claims about individual responsibility and choice are not grounded on any factual account of determinism or free will, but represent his own (and apparently our) views about prudence and moral autonomy, and the apparently self-evident (but in fact highly controversial) boundaries of the self. Richard Arneson attempts to justify his workfare schemes on the basis of choice, but our actual choices are substituted by the choices we should make, and what we are

in Rethinking Equality
Open Access (free)
Lessons for the Conservatives?
Edward Ashbee

leading Conservatives were again prepared to look across the Atlantic. Iain Duncan Smith visited the US in early December 2001. His engagements included a meeting with George Pataki, governor of New York state. On his return, Duncan Smith commended Pataki’s efforts in reforming welfare provision through workfare whereby recipients work in return for public assistance. He also paid tribute to the Republican Party’s presidential campaign: Yet Bush turned the Clinton–Blair tide and a center right renaissance now crackles through the autumnal air in Washington. He did it by

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Phil Almond

forms of uneven development’, European Urban and Regional Studies, 10:1, 49–67. Jessop, B. (2004), Towards a Schumpetarian Workfare State? Preliminary Remarks on Post-Fordist Political Economy (Lancaster: University of Lancaster, originally 1993). Jessop, B. (2013), ‘Revisiting the regulation approach: Critical reflections on the contradictions, dilemmas, fixes and crisis dynamics of growth regimes’, Capital and Class, 37:1, 5–24. Kristensen, P. H., and Rocha, R. S. (2012), ‘New roles for the trade unions five lines of action for carving out a new governance regime

in Making work more equal
Towards a third way and back?
Hartwig Pautz

) ‘From the Keynesian welfare to the Schumpeterian workfare state’, Lancaster Regionalism Group, Working Paper 45, University of Lancaster. Kölbe, T. (1987) ‘Trade unionists, party activists and politicians: the struggle for power over party rules in the Labour Party and the West German SPD’, Comparative Politics, 19 (4). Lafontaine, O. and Schröder, G. (1998) (eds), Innovation für Deutschland (Göttingen: Steidl). Lafontaine, O. (1998) untitled contribution in O. Lafontaine and G. Schröder (eds), Innovation für Deutschland (Göttingen: Steidl). Lees, C. (2000) The Red

in In search of social democracy
Joe Larragy

signed off on Partnership 2000 in 1996 – an agreement that included a number of INOU demands geared to supporting and facilitating unemployed people, fending off ‘workfare’ and improving social welfare. Obviously, the more that unemployment improved, the less salience would be attached to the INOU. Thus, the reversal of unemployment and emergence of labour shortages seems a more convincing reason for the declining public profile and critical voice of the INOU. The CWC showed little evidence of being incorporated, though its early successes arose from proactive

in Asymmetric engagement
Peter Triantafillou

approaches Recently, a number of French sociologists have provided a refreshing and sharp critique of neoliberal politics in terms of political economy. Perhaps the most famous is Loïc Wacquant’s critical analysis of the neoliberal state (Wacquant, 2009, 2010). Taking his point of departure in the tendency of going tough on crime in many OECD countries since the 1990s, Wacquant argues that neoliberalism is not only about market rule but also about supervisory workfare, a proactive penal state and the generalised elevation of an ethos of individual responsibility (for

in Neoliberal power and public management reforms
Geographical dynamics and convergence spaces
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

local union membership and organisation. In a similar vein, recent research in the UK has found that the imposition of local workfare regimes in traditional Labour-run local authorities tend to be more favourable to the participation of trade unions and voluntary sector organisations in policy design and delivery than elsewhere, where business interests are more dominant (Sunley et al., 2005). The politics of scale Political power is unevenly articulated across national space and geographic scale, and social movements mostly operate at the intersection of a series of

in Global justice networks
Abstract only
Globalisation and the HE market
Peter Mayo

neoliberal or, possibly, as envisaged in certain contexts through a ‘Third Way’ politics, a Workfare state (Ball, 2007), to create the right infrastructure for investment and mobility; • vocationalising many sectors of lifelong learning, including education for older adults (non-​sustainability of pension schemes) (Borg and Mayo, 2008); • public financing of private needs (Gentili, 2001; Borg and Mayo, 2006) through, in certain cases, partly financing, directly or indirectly, a competitor HE market (Gentili, 2005, p.  143) or facilitating the presence of a business

in Higher education in a globalising world