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Stuart Kaufman

2504Chap3 7/4/03 3:53 pm Page 48 3 Ethnic conflict and Eurasian security Stuart Kaufman What role does ethnic conflict play in Eurasian security affairs? Just breaking this question down into its component parts uncovers a vast array of apparent influences. Ethnic conflict is, first of all, clearly a cause of internal conflict and insecurity, as demonstrated by the problems in Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Cyprus, Georgia, Chechnya and Mountainous Karabagh. Furthermore, it is a key cause of international security problems, as the above list of ethnic civil

in Limiting institutions?
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

8 Resource conflict and the environment Resource conflict and environmental degradation are in reality two-sides of the same security challenge coin. Both address the issue of natural resource abundance and scarcity and how societies deal with these problems and their implications, but from vastly different perspectives. While the first addresses access and control of existing natural resources, the second addresses the environmental impact of the misuse of or declining resources. Regardless of the perspective, both present a serious threat to African peace and

in African security in the twenty-first century
A comparative study of Boko Haram, Niger Delta, IPOB and Fulani militia
Michael Nwankpa

Introduction Nigeria's diverse ethno-religious composition and its political structure produce a site for constant contest and struggle for power, recognition, and territorial and resource control. The Nigerian state often looks like a battlefield involving inter-religious tension and conflicts between Christians and Muslims and inter-ethnic clashes such as Tiv versus Jukun, Ijaw versus Itsekiri and Ife versus Modakeke, to name but a few. However, the Nigerian state remains a common enemy, although it has managed to prevent

in Armed non-state actors and the politics of recognition
Critically interpreting the past
Kirk Simpson

Simpson 05 19/1/09 11:43 Page 100 5 Memorialisation in post-conflict societies Critically interpreting the past Introduction Throughout societies like Northern Ireland that have experienced the deleterious effects of political violence, the creation of fitting memorials should be integral to the efforts of transitional policymakers to combat widespread ambivalence towards the suffering of victims and the legacy of conflict; and also to combat the malign efforts of those who would seek to colonise history with recourse to partisan, exclusionary material

in Truth recovery in Northern Ireland
Jo Berry and Patrick Magee’s Facing the Enemy
Verity Combe

24 Performance practices and conflict resolution: Jo Berry and Patrick Magee’s Facing the Enemy Verity Combe It has been said that ‘for every one year of conflict we need ten years of reconciliation’.1 Contemporary conflict resolution differs from the more traditional kinds because it now emphasises post-conflict processes that generate solutions and is much more inter-disciplinary in its scope. Conflict resolution is both an academic and a practical field and a branch of international relations dedicated to alleviating and illuminating sources of conflict

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
Women and the promise of peace in the ‘new’ Northern Ireland

Introduction The Good Friday Agreement (hereafter GFA) marked itself out as significant for its commitment to ‘the right of women to full and equal participation in political life’. Moreover, some also lauded the relatively high levels of visibility and participation of women within the wider peace process. 1 Although dominant, state-centric forms of conflict transition claim to be universally beneficial, evidence from the so-called ‘post-conflict’ period around the world demonstrates a continuity of violence

in Northern Ireland a generation after Good Friday
A contextual and thematic analysis
Kirk Simpson

Simpson 01 19/1/09 10:35 Page 8 1 The conflict in Northern Ireland A contextual and thematic analysis Introduction Searching for a ‘centre ground’ in Northern Irish politics has never been easy, least of all in terms of truth recovery and dealing with the past. The most problematic question often becomes: ‘Whose centre?’ Yet more often than not, this is a question posed by moral and cultural relativists, or political partisans who use tendentious rhetoric to argue that consensual agreement in which all past wrongdoing is acknowledged and documented is

in Truth recovery in Northern Ireland
Sue-Ann Harding

This book, motivated by both the events in Beslan and the ideas of narrative theory, asks to what extent a narrative theory combining sociological and narratological approaches lends itself to elaborating a model of analysis for the study of media reporting (and translation) on violent conflict in general and the Beslan hostage disaster in particular. Narrative theory was adopted not only as the

in Beslan
The politics of peace
Jonathan Tonge

M1426 - COULTER TEXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7 17/7/08 08:01 Page 49 3 From conflict to communal politics: the politics of peace Jonathan Tonge The end of armed conflict and arrival of devolved power sharing in Northern Ireland does not appear to have lessened the communal divisions that mark the political life of the region. The link between religious affiliation and political preference remains the strongest in Western Europe. The supporters of each of the principal parties continue to be drawn almost exclusively from rival ethno-religious blocs, a pattern unlikely to

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Leslie C. Green

Classic position Historically, international law is concerned only with the relations between states. As a result, the law of armed conflict developed in relation to inter-state conflicts and was not in any way concerned with conflicts occurring within the territory of any state or with a conflict between an imperial power and a colonial

in The contemporary law of armed conflict