Wandering soldiers and the negotiation of parliamentary authority, 1642–51
David J. Appleby
Association in the English
Civil War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974), pp. 39, 168, 169;
A. Fletcher, A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex, 1600–1660 (London:
Longman, 1975), pp. 341–2; M. Kishlansky, The Rise of the New Model Army
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979), pp. 241, 244–5, 247, 249;
C. Carlton, Going to the Wars: The Experience of the British Civil Wars (London:
Routledge, 1992), pp. 196, 225, 235.
4 R. Bennett, ‘War and disorder: policing the soldiery in Civil War Yorkshire’, in
Fissel (ed.), War and Government in Britain, pp
, 2000), p. 5.
8 A. Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War in Warwickshire, 1620–1660 (Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. xi.
9 C. Holmes, ‘The countycommunity in Stuart historiography’, Journal of British
Studies, 19:2 (1980), 55.
10 G. L. Hudson, ‘Negotiating for blood money: war widows and the courts in seventeenth-century England’, in J. Kermode and G. Walker (eds), Women, Crime and the
Courts in Early Modern England (London: University College, 1994), pp. 146–69.
11 Ibid., p. 162.
12 D. J. Appleby, ‘Unnecessary persons? Maimed soldiers
17 For the background, and much of the content, of what follows, see Diarmaid
MacCulloch, ‘Catholic and Puritan in Elizabethan Suffolk: a countycommunity polarises’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 72 (1981): 232–89; MacCulloch, Suffolk and the
Tudors; A. Hassell Smith, County and Court: Government and politics in Norfolk 1558–
1603 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974).
18 Quoted (from Inner Temple Library, MS. Petyt 538/47, fo. 494) in Patrick Collinson,
‘Perne the Turncoat: an Elizabethan reputation’, in Collinson, Elizabethan Essays
(London: Hambledon, 1994
55 Roger Manning, Village Revolts: Social Protests and Popular Disturbances in England, 1509–1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988), pp. 237–8.
56 John Bossy, The English Catholic Community, 1570–1850 (London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1975), pp. 37–8.
57 Kaushik, ‘Resistance, loyalty and recusant politics’, pp. 37–72.
58 Anne Hughes, ‘Warwickshire on the eve of the Civil War: a “countycommunity”?’, Midland History 7 (1982), p. 51.
59 For a recent
localities, was primarily an
enabling one. Parliament was expected to delegate powers necessary to achieve
specific aims within a locally defined area; it was expected to bestow legitimacy
and authority upon the exercise of power to groups of individuals chosen by the
urban or countycommunities rather than those appointed by a national executive; it sanctioned the levying of local taxation for locally specific aims. Those in
positions of authority and influence in the regions therefore acquired a wider
range of powers and responsibilities, and developed a wider sense of
Central initiatives and local agency in the English civil war
Workshop Journal, 61
Peacey, ‘Politics, accounts and propaganda’, pp. 71–2.
Jeake quoted in Anthony Fletcher, A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex
1600–1660 (London, 1975), p. 336; TNA, SP 28/252/34–5 General Accounts
Committee, Letter and Warrant Book; also in SP 28/254, fo. 15.
Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War, pp. 249–51.
TNA, SP 28/201.
TNA, SP 28/186, Part three; Hughes, Politics, Society and Civil War, pp. 243–6;
SP 28/136. Many working papers for the alphabet books are in SP 28/201.
TNA, SP 28/38/607.
KYLE 9781526147158 PRINT
Dividing the Crown in early colonial New South Wales, 1808–10
1660–1750 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952); Jacqueline
Eales and Andrew Hopper, The CountyCommunity in
Seventeenth-Century England and Wales (Hatfield: University
of Hertforshire Press, 2012).
The ancient group includes the seals of West
Florida (1764), Island of St John (later Prince Edward Island
–1640 (Hassocks: Harvester
Press, 1977), esp. pp. 118–32. J. S. Morrill, The Revolt of the Provinces: Conservatives and Radicals
in the English Civil War, 1630–1650 (London, New York: Allen and Unwin; Barnes & Noble,
1976), esp. pp. 19–51; Anthony Fletcher, Reform in the Provinces:The Government of Stuart England
(New Haven CT, London: Yale University Press, 1986), e.g. p. 368: ‘Localism … mastered
and subsumed by the country gentry for the purposes of government’.
41 Michael J. Bennett, ‘A CountyCommunity: Social Cohesion amongst the Cheshire Gentry,
’, pp. 136–7. For evidence of the
persistence of local sales into the eighteenth century, see N. J. G. Pounds, ‘Food production and distribution in pre-industrial Cornwall’, in W. Minchinton (ed.), Population
and Marketing; Two Studies in the History of the Southwest (Exeter Papers in Economic
History, 11, 1976), p. 120.
72 Thirsk and Cooper (eds), Seventeenth-Century Economic Documents, p. 344; A. Fletcher,
A CountyCommunity in Peace and War: Sussex, 1600–1660 (London, 1975), p. 151. Local
sales to labourers were speciﬁcally exempted from orders to sell all grain in
Jury, pp. 58–60.
29 Herrup, ‘Law and morality’, 108; Hindle, State and Social Change, pp. 20, 28–9;
Goldie, ‘The unacknowledged republic’, pp. 153–94.
30 CALS QJB, 1/5, fos 435, 485, 529; QJF 70/1, no. 59; J. H. E. Bennett and J. C.
Dewhurst (eds), Quarter Sessions Records, with Other Records of the Justices of the
Peace for the County Palatine of Chester, 1559–1760 (Record Society of Lancashire
and Cheshire, 94, 1940), pp. 97–9.
31 Holmes, ‘Countycommunity’, pp. 54–73.
32 CALS QJB 1/5, 1/6.
33 Morrill, Cheshire Grand Jury, pp. 14–15; Morrill