, Culture, and Identity
(London 2003), p. 5. This is further elaborated in Kent Fedorowich
and Andrew Thompson, ‘Mapping the Contours of the British
World: Empire, Migration and Identity’, in Kent Fedorowich and
Andrew Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in the
British World (Manchester 2013 ), pp.
. Thompson , ‘ Introduction ’, in A. Thompson (ed.), Writing Imperial Histories ( Manchester : Manchester University Press , 2014 ), p. 10 . See also K. Fedorowich and A. Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World ( Manchester : Manchester University Press , 2013 ).
12 J. Belich , Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World, 1783–1939 ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2009 ); M. Ruiz (ed.), International Migrations in the Victorian Era ( Leiden : Brill , 2018 ); C. L
British and Irish diasporas: societies, cultures and ideologies
Donald M. MacRaild, Tanja Bueltmann, and J.C.D. Clark
, though not of
diaspora, Eric Richards’s Britannia’s Children: Emigration from England,
Scotland, Ireland and Wales Since 1600 (London, 2004).
4 For further discussion around the framing and terminology of the British
World, see Carl Bridge and Kent Fedorowich (eds), The British World: Diaspora,
Culture and Identity (London, 2003); and Kent Fedorowich and Andrew S.
Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World (Manchester, 2013).
5 Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities (London, 1983).
6 Malcolm Gaskill, Between Two Worlds: How the English
Population movements during Greece’s ‘decade of war’, 1912–22
Salonica in the late nineteenth century’, in U. Freitag, M. Fuhrmann, N.
Lafi and F. Riedler (eds), The City in the Ottoman Empire: Migration and the
Making of Urban Modernity (London: Routledge, 2011), pp. 177–89.
32 Mazower, The Balkans, p. 11.
33 Carnegie Endowment, Report of the International Commission, pp. 106–35,
34 Dragostinova, Between Two Motherlands.
35 Kramer, Dynamic of Destruction, p. 139.
36 Fikret Adanir, ‘Non-Muslims in the Ottoman army and the Ottoman defeat
in the Balkan War of 1912–1913’, in Ronald G. Suny, Fatma Go çek and
: Manchester University Press, 1990 ).
Constantine, Emigrants and Empire , 4: the
Empire Settlement Act of 1922 was ‘an Act to make better
provision for furthering British settlement in His Majesty’s
Dane Kennedy, ‘Empiremigration in
The return migration of the Fellowship of the Maple Leaf
Marilyn J. Barber
and lectures. The Maple Leaf teacher
scheme enabled educated British women to participate as equals with men in empiremigration
and empire development. Among FML teacher candidates, women outnumbered men by a ratio of six
to one. They were motivated by a call to service, enthusiasm for travel, or simply the desire
for better employment. Dorothy Watkins, a teacher on the staff of Portsmouth secondary
school, heard the call during Lloyd’s visit to Southsea. 29 Marion Green wrote to Lloyd that ‘I shall always
be thankful that
Children’s popular literature and the demise of empire
young people, and put to the service of
traditional values. 16
Stories of empiremigration evinced a greater tendency to
emphasise the material benefits to the characters. While this might
involve benefits to the wider British economy, or bolster the fortunes
of economically undeveloped regions, the stories usually stressed the
gains for individuals or their families. The British who emigrated to
The discourse of unbridled capitalism in post-war Hong Kong
see Rachel Bright, ‘Asian Migration and the British
World’, in Kent Fedorowich and Andrew S. Thompson (eds),
Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World
(Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013), pp.
Edward Szczepanik, The Economic Growth of
Hong Kong (Westport
mainly in Romania, Greece and Egypt from the outbreak of war. The expat
community she describes was comprised mainly of British Council teachers
and administrators. A BBC television series based on the novels was produced in 1987.
15 See K. A, Appiah, Cosmopolitanism: ethics in a world of strangers, New York,
16 Mackie, interview and written account.
17 Kerr, written account. For a parallel analysis see S. Constantine, ‘“Dear
Grace … love Maidie”: interpreting a migrant’s letters from Australia’, in K.
Fedorowich and A. S. Thompson (eds), Empire
Writing the history of the ‘International’ Health Service
Julian M. Simpson
argued that there was an even greater need for their medical expertise in
The ‘International’ Health Service3
their countries of origin. The point is that we should recognise that the
transnational movement of doctors fundamentally shaped an important
dimension of life and death in post-war Britain.
In the following sections of this Introduction, I begin with an outline
of how this study builds on current understandings of the histories of
the NHS, empire, migration and more specifically medical migration. I
then explain the rationale behind my focus on