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Ben Tonra

international law and the peaceful settlement of disputes; the promotion of greater equity and justice in international affairs through efforts to eliminate the causes of conflict and to protect human rights; a commitment to collective security through the development of international organisations, especially the United Nations; a willingness to participate in peace-keeping and humanitarian operations throughout the world; participation in the construction of the European Union as a way of overcoming age-old rivalries in Europe; the promotion of an active policy of

in Global citizen and European Republic
Philip Cunliffe

Dystopia.indb 53 06/01/2020 16:21:40 Cosmopolitan dystopia norms to other instances of conflict. During the closing phase of his government’s nearly three-decades-long civil war against Tamil rebels in the north of the island, the Sri Lankan president, Mahinda Rajapaksa, delivered a major speech in which he declared the military offensive ‘an unprecedented humanitarian operation’.61 It was a remarkable instance of the extension of humanitarian claims to war-making, in this instance not to intervene in another country’s civil war, but to extol the close of one. Here, a

in Cosmopolitan dystopia
Adjusting to life after the Cold War
Kerry Longhurst

opposing political stances on the crucial issue of what Germany’s new security role should and could be. The legalistic debate centred around articles 24 (entry to a system of collective security) and 87a (defensive purposes or for any other explicitly outlined role only) of the Basic Law, which in the existing interpretation, as discussed in chapter 2, had codified the Bundeswehr’s role as limited to one of defence within NATO area only or for overtly humanitarian operations.13 The rupture of 1989–90 gave renewed political topicality to the issue of the spatial remit of

in Germany and the use of force
Joshua B. Spero

2001’, held in Azerbaijan in November 2001, broadened regional, multilateral cooperation. Through a sophisticated 600-person command post exercise that focused on a multinational brigade staff and mobile medical centres for helping civilians, this first-time PfP exercise in Azerbaijan involved significant crisis management contingencies. Comprised of many NATO and PfP nations, including Greece and Turkey, the US and the International Committee of the Red Cross, the exercise utilised a scenario for both peacekeeping and humanitarian operations.34 Given the success of

in Limiting institutions?
Abstract only
Imperial legacies and post-imperial realities
James W. Peterson and Jacek Lubecki

, stabilization or humanitarian operations.” The 2012 National Security Strategy goes on to emphasize civil-military cooperation in multilateral deployment missions such as disaster relief. Sound familiar? The 2012 National Security Strategy pushes for the Hungarian military’s continual refinement as a liberal internationalistally. Table 5.4 Structure of

in Defense policies of East-Central European countries after 1989
Chen Kertcher

. In other words, the researchers agree that the traditional principles of operations underwent erosion during these years. The various studies used different terms to describe the operation in the former Yugoslavia, from ‘second-generation peacekeeping operation’, ‘humanitarian operation’, ‘broad peacekeeping operation’, or ‘enforcement operation’. All these create a deceptive picture regarding the change in the concept of the operations and, even more, in the extent of international political change in the UN. The studies do not answer the question: To what extent

in The United Nations and peacekeeping, 1988–95
Orphans, refugees and Norwegian relief in the Soviet Armenian Republic, 1922–25
Inger Marie Okkenhaug

worked alongside NER in the Armenian Republic. These included a Norwegian orphanage, established and run by the nurse, midwife and missionary Bodil Biørn. Biørn, who had arrived in Anatolia in 1905 in the employ of the German Deutscher Hülfbund’s Mission, established an orphanage in Alexandropol (Leninakan/Gyumri) in the north-western part of Armenia in 1922. 4 Norwegian relief was small and unassuming compared to NER’s humanitarian operation, and it was financed by private funds from Norwegian women. Even so, it aimed for modern, international standards, and for

in Aid to Armenia
Jean-Hervé Bradol and Marc Le Pape

–24 July 94’, 28 July 1994. 14 The activities of all the contingents were studied by a team of specialists tasked with evaluating humanitarian operations in Rwanda, Tanzania and Eastern Zaire. See Borton et al. , Humanitarian Aid and Effects , p. 40 and pp. 58

in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

-conventional capabilities. They have. More so than ever, African soldiers, sailors, and airmen are engaged in unilateral and multilateral counterterrorism, peacekeeping and stability, and humanitarian operations. They are actively involved in building roads, protecting the environment, fighting criminal networks, and supporting local health care efforts. Nonetheless, this begs the central question: Are they the best tool for the job? Moreover, if the human security approach requires facilitating individual and community involvement from the bottom up then this level of top-down military

in African security in the twenty-first century
Construction of the African Union’s peace and security structures
Kasaija Phillip Apuuli

contributions to international peace support and humanitarian operations’ ( ibid .). The AU, in this regard, promoted the notion of ‘African solutions for African problems’, at the centre of which is APSA. Under the Labour Governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, the UK stepped forward to support African peacekeeping and APSA. This chapter argues that this UK approach to African security, and APSA, has survived well into the current era of Conservative government. Contemporary UK support for APSA continued to be rooted in two core agendas that lay

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century