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John M. MacKenzie

, were inevitably a characteristic of the Zulu and frontier wars, as well as the first and second Anglo-Boer wars. This was also true of the so-called pacification period. There was, for example, a considerable military encampment with tents and huts at Middelburg in the Cape Colony.53 There are two key examples of fortified military positions in Canada whose significance survived into the twentieth century. The Citadel in Halifax, Nova Scotia, begun in 1749 and later developed into one of the great redoubts of the British Empire, was both a fortress and a great

in The British Empire through buildings
Kent Fedorowich

Bonar Law, 10 October 1915; John Grigg, Lloyd George from Peace to War 1912–1916 , London, 1985, p. 270. The kindergarten was the name given to Milner’s cadre of young Oxford graduates who were placed in key administrative positions in the reconstruction government during and after the second Anglo-Boer War. 22

in Unfit for heroes
Open Access (free)
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

was within a Transvaal again under Afrikaner republican governance and not under British rule. The struggle between Britain and the Transvaal over the control of the gold fields and the massive wealth which they represented led directly to the South African (or second Anglo-Boer) War of 1899–1902. And, by the time that war broke out, in October 1899, the independent African polities of South Africa

in Equal subjects, unequal rights
Norman Etherington

the 1840s its sovereigns had been Afrikaner republicans opposed to British rule. Milner’s frantic building following the second Anglo-Boer War and the mansions Baker strewed along the ridge proclaim a foreordained Empire as rooted in the bedrock as any vanished hegemony. Pointedly ignoring the black presence, they enact the consequences of the conquest on which the whole politico-economic edifice

in Imperium of the soul
The English since 1800
Donald M. MacRaild

of 1897, Irish Catholic priests once more preached against British power.94 A few years later, both in Ireland and the diaspora, nationalist sympathies evoked a degree of anti-imperial feeling and in South Africa, during the Second Anglo-Boer War, where the Dutch settlers directly resisted the empire, there also was profound hostility. The Irish-American press was powerful, persistent and loud. Patrick Ford, editor of the Irish World and Industrial Liberator, America’s most prominent Irish nationalist newspaper, regularly attacked England’s (that is to say, Britain

in British and Irish diasporas
The formation of a female nursing yeomanry
Juliette Pattinson

Paul , 1988 ). 49 Ibid ., p. xix. 50 Kate Finzi , Eighteen Months in the War Zone: A Record of a Woman’s Work on the Western Front ( London : Cassell , 1916 ), p. 250 . 51 Betty Hutchinson, Box 1, Liddle Collection, WO/057. 52 Summers, Angels and Citizens , p. 239. 53 Charlotte Dale , ‘ Traversing the Veldt with “Tommy Atkins”: The Clinical Challenges of Nursing Typhoid Patients during the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) ’, in Jane Brooks and Christine E. Hallett (eds), One Hundred Years of Wartime Nursing Practices, 1854

in Women of war
Michael Robinson

Introduction There was negligible medical provision for mental and nervous casualties before the First World War. The 955-bed Royal Victoria Military Hospital at Netley provided just 125 beds for such cases within its ‘D Block.’ The Lunacy Act of 1890 enabled discharge from the army, certification and a transferral to an asylum. 1 During the Second Anglo-Boer War, 1899–1902, severely mentally ill troops in both South Ireland and Ulster were discharged from the army and

in Shell-shocked British Army veterans in Ireland, 1918–39
The failure of the Anzac legend
Kent Fedorowich

-imperial soldier’. 86 Nine months later, having received no response from the Tasmanian government, Blythe vented his spleen: ‘I have been greatly deceived and my life blighted’ he told the OSC. He thought it extremely unfair for a man who had fought in South Africa during the second Anglo-Boer War, and had served five years with the Colours between 1914 and 1919, three of them in France, that the authorities

in Unfit for heroes