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Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

Chinese assertiveness. The blocking of effective action on Syria at the security council, including preventing a referral of Assad to the ICC, was the result. It is a long time since Kosovo in 1999, the high point of the post-Cold War humanitarian international, when the Western-led coalition broke international law but justified it by retrospectively arguing their actions were ‘illegal but legitimate’. Imagine China making the same argument about its treatment of the Uighurs, as many as one million of whom, it is said, now languish in re

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

about: her ship, the international law of the sea, Europeans’ moral responsibilities, and conditions faced by migrants in Libya. At the same time, she convincingly claimed that she preferred her actions to do the talking for her. The role of Rackete has also been important in that it deflected emotions away from the migrants rescued by the NGOs – and thus away from an asymmetrical extension of compassion – towards the rescuers. The deflection of emotions away from the migrants may also have helped to subvert humanitarianism’s tendencies to perpetuate ‘the neo

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

for a set of humanitarian values ( Walker, 2004 ; Wortel, 2009 ). Humanitarianism is a culture that values humanity in all its forms, that champions non-discrimination, that advances restraint in war and many other values codified in international law. ‘Promoting’ ( Bugnion, 2003 : xxvii) or ‘spreading’ ( Slim, 1998 ) this humanitarian culture, therefore, inevitably requires transforming cultural values and practices that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

humans truly were naturally violent and that violence came easily to them, would there not be more cases of violent outrage and self-destruction among impoverished communities? What is more, most of the extreme cases of human slaughter throughout history have taken place within the bounds of domestic and international law. They have been fully in keeping with the prevailing normative claims to truth and its ritualised performances. Very rarely does violence come to us in a truly sporadic or spontaneous way. All political violence has a history and most often it is

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

-fears-for-safety-of-civilians-during-battle-for-mosul (accessed 20 October 2016) . Amnesty International ( 2016b ), ‘ Horrific Attack on UN Aid Convoy Is a Flagrant Violation of International Law’ , www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/09/syria-horrific-attack-on-un-aid-convoy-is-a-flagrant-violation-of-international-law (accessed 20 October 2016) . BBS ( 2014 ), Slum Census 2014 & Health and Morbidity Status

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Brölmann

The Conclusions on Identification of Customary International Law (hereafter ‘the Conclusions’) as adopted by the International Law Commission on second reading 1 are an important resource in a thorny area of international law. A stated primary aim is to offer guidance to practitioners, 2 which accounts for the focus on systematisation of positive international law and practice. The Conclusions are brief on the position of international organisations as independent actors in the formation of customary international law. This modest role could seem

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

ammunition, flamethrowers, napalm, and other incendiary agents, against targets requiring their use is not a violation of international law. … They should not, however, be employed to cause unnecessary suffering to individuals’ ( Keller, 2018 ). The Israeli Army offered the exact same argument in 2014, during Operation Cast Lead, to defend its use of phosphorus bombs in Gaza – a use dictated by ‘military necessity’. Otherwise, why use them? In October 2016, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

’s lives are worthy of being saved ( Butler, 2020 ). Humanitarians make a claim that their values are universal ones that bind all people, in particular the value and dignity attached to all human life (the principle of humanity) and the ethical duty to help all people without discrimination, based on need alone (the principle of impartiality). Further, humanitarians have worked to enshrine these universal values into international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

et al. argue that since international law obligates the protection of healthcare, intentionality of attacks is of less importance in monitoring attacks; an indiscriminate attack, for example, is just as much an attack as a targeted one ( 2018 : 2). This position makes sense when considering impact of violence on the healthcare system, where it does not matter whether a paediatrician is killed while working in a facility, or when visiting a market

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

denying Palestinians’ access to core political and legal rights, including the Right of Return and the right to collective self-determination. While these last two options would never be accepted by Middle Eastern states due to the economic and political implications, and while Palestinians’ refugee status cannot – in fact – be stripped by either the US or UNRWA since it is defined and protected in international law and UN Resolutions ( Akram, 2018 ), it is equally the case that throughout 2018 the first two options created grave insecurities on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs