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Reading New Testament women in early modern England, 1550–1700
Victoria Brownlee and Laura Gallagher

the Anglican writer Antony Stafford’s work, The femall glory: or, The life, and death of our Blessed Lad y ( 1635 ), demonstrates that Mary remained an important, yet contentious, subject in Protestant circles. Exemplifying a brand of Marian devotion that had by the 1630s become associated with Henrietta Maria, the Catholic wife of King Charles I, Stafford’s work

in Biblical women in early modern literary culture 1550–1700
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Rachel Adcock, Sara Read, and Anna Ziomek

were traditionally war, plague and famine. 32 Die: a pun on orgasm as a little death; here the spiritual coupling results in a rapturous state. 33 King: Charles I, whose execution in January 1649 marked the start of the English Commonwealth, which ended in 1660 with the restoration of his son, Charles II. 34 Lower: frown. 155 F&S.indb 155 2/20/2014 9:40:01 AM Advising on body and spirit They’re children to that Prince of might; Who is the Prince of peace behight.35 Do not with war my Babes affrights, In smiling peace is their delight, My Prince by yielding won

in Flesh and Spirit
Rachel Adcock, Sara Read, and Anna Ziomek

strong temptation excepted), One to whom Christ was dear, and everything that seemed to have anything of Christ stamped on it, without distinctions of this or that Sect. Whence I have heard knowing men say (and I believe truly) That he was apt to indulge pretenders to Holiness, to the apparent hurt of his outward interest, as fearful to beat down anything which God would have stand: And hath been heard to say, That there were few Sects among Christians, in which something of God was not to be found, which must not be 59 Late King: Charles I, who was executed on 30

in Flesh and Spirit
‘Republican’ defences of monarchy at the Restoration
Glenn Burgess

and commonwealth 20 Jermyn, Culpeper and Ashburnham to King Charles I, 6 August 1646, in State Papers Collected by Edward, Earl of Clarendon, ed. by Richard Scrope and Thomas Monkhouse, 3 vols (London, 1767–​86), ii, 244–​45. 21 George Starkey, The Dignity of Kingship Asserted: In Answer to Mr. Milton’s Ready and Easie Way to Establish a Free Common-​wealth (London, 1660), pp. 76–​77. 22 Ibid., p. 97. 23 On this, see the valuable essay by James Hankins, ‘Exclusivist Republicanism and the Non-​Monarchical Republic’, Political Theory, 38.4 (2010), 452–​82. 24

in From Republic to Restoration
Nicholas Canny

tranquillity, which they so happily enjoyed. 31 Moreover, during the reign of King Charles I, Irish Catholics had been ruled over by a government that was most ‘sweet tempered, and carried on with great lenity and moderation’.32 The authorities had even allowed Catholics to enjoy ‘the private exercise of all their religious rites and ceremonies . . .  without any manner of disturbance’.33 Indeed, claimed Temple, the condition of the country was so placid that: the ancient animosities and hatred which the Irish had ever observed to bear unto the English nation, they seemed

in Ireland, 1641
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Catalan, Portuguese and Castilian pamphlets on the Confederate War in Ireland
Hiram Morgan

Patrick came to that kingdom’ for more than just his military skills. By the time a third pamphlet – the Relaçam dos successos – appeared in 1646, it was providing a news update from Ireland, based on the assumption that the readers already knew about the early stages of the war.32 The update began with an account of the Catholic Confederation’s negotiations with King Charles I, which the pamphleteer thought had been successfully concluded. The upbeat assessment claimed that even though the confederates had been 124 • hiram morgan • forced to concede toleration of

in Ireland, 1641
Margret Fetzer

and the Genevan extreme by accepting Zwingli’s concept of the bread merely signifying or pointing to the body of Christ but insisting that Christ was at least spiritually present in the host (cf. Muir, 1997: 171–5). However, there is evidence that, even as late as 1634, the question of the Eucharist had not been satisfactorily settled. In a clearly rhetorical question, Robert Skinner, in a sermon preached before King Charles I at Whitehall in that year, wonders: ‘Is it not deep infidelity and heresy, to think Christ to be absent from his body and blood?’, and

in John Donne’s Performances
Regina Lee Blaszczyk

Located on the River Aire, Leeds in medieval times had been home to an agricultural manor and a Cistercian monastery. By the thirteenth century, the wool clip of Kirkstall Abbey, combined with the softness of the local water, led to the growth of the wool cloth industry. 16 In the sixteenth century, Leeds surpassed York and Beverley in woollen production. The town received a charter of incorporation from King Charles I in 1626, and the first local governing body was established. During the eighteenth century, the local coalfield was developed and the economy

in Fashionability
Daniel Szechi

(traditionally the party of indefeasible hereditary right) who had accepted the Revolution and sworn allegiance in 1689 had salved their consciences over the plain fact of William and Mary’s usurpation with the thought that it would soon pass. William and Mary had been married since 1678 without producing any children. Their marriage was therefore unlikely to prove the seed of a new dynasty. Hence when William died either Mary or her sister Anne, both staunch Anglicans in the direct line of descent from the Martyr-King Charles I, would succeed, and indefeasible hereditary

in The Jacobites (second edition)
Open Access (free)
Eric Pudney

to comprehend. Even his supporters seem exasperated by their star witness. Thomas Lee, who during these years formed part of the emerging Whig grouping, and who was a firm believer in the plot,32 compares Oates’s outburst (unfavourably) to the proceedings of the Long Parliament – the Parliament that actually waged war against King Charles I. Henry Coventry, by contrast, consistently opposed the Exclusion Bill, and would therefore come to be thought of as a Tory,33 and he takes the opportunity to compare Oates to a prostitute, perhaps hinting that it is Oates who

in Scepticism and belief in English witchcraft drama, 1538–1681