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Chinua Achebe’s critique of cosmopolitics
Laura Chrisman

’s controversial and offensive advertisement, ‘Ten Reasons Why Reparations for Slavery is a Bad Idea for Blacks – and Racist Too’ was placed in student newspapers across US campuses in spring of 2001. Among its ‘reasons’ against reparations: ‘while white Europeans conducted the transAtlantic slave trade, Arabs and black Africans were responsible for enslaving the ancestors of African Americans’; the claim that African Americans economically benefited from slavery; the claim that ‘there was never an antislavery movement until white Anglo-Saxon Christians created one’, leading to

in Postcolonial contraventions
Abstract only
‘Go home’ as an invitation to stay
Nadine El-Enany

those it enslaved and colonised. This erasure manifests in part through the refusal to engage in processes that would see Britain pay reparations to colonised nations.26 In 2015 then Prime Minister David Cameron, on a visit to Jamaica, refused to apologise or engage with the question of payment of reparations for Britain’s role in transatlantic slavery, preferring instead to ‘move on from this painful legacy and continue to build for the future’.27 The future building that Cameron was particularly interested in was the £25 million British ‘aid’-funded prison to which

in (B)ordering Britain
Abstract only
Lorena De Vita

Originally established in 1953 as a humble operation concerned solely with reparations, under the leadership of Felix Shinnar the Israeli mission in Cologne gradually took on a much more significant role. Slowly but surely, Shinnar laboured to get direct and privileged access to the highest echelons of West Germany’s foreign policy, with the ultimate goal of establishing full diplomatic relations between Israel and the FRG. By 1958, Chancellor Adenauer, Foreign Minister von Brentano, and many other leading FRG representatives from across the political spectrum

in Israelpolitik
Geoffrey K. Roberts

First World War), with no opportunity to negotiate milder terms. For this, they and their new regime were blamed by the German people and especially by their political enemies. The terms of that treaty, involving losses of territory on the western and eastern borders of Germany, severe restrictions on the size and structure of the military, payment of heavy reparations to the victorious powers (just as France had had to pay reparations to Prussia in 1871), and admitted acceptance of guilt for starting the war, all rankled with many Germans. Agitators on the extreme

in German politics today (third edition)
Michael Cunningham

contemporary period. In a sense, memory and representation can be seen as two key elements within this trend. It may not be conclusive evidence of this shift but it is interesting to note that a journal devoted to these connections, History and Memory, was first published in 1989, roughly contemporaneous with the rise of the apology and that, since the 1990s, such themes feature regularly in contemporary history journals.3 A useful way to locate and consider the rise of the apology is provided by John Torpey. In a study of the rise of reparations politics he identified four

in States of apology
From the Gromyko declaration to the death of Stalin (1947–53)
Joseph Heller

Czechoslovakian government that the reparations agreement with West Germany was not an anti-Soviet plot and that Israel had also demanded reparations from East Germany, but his explanations were rejected. 67 The Israeli government was horrified by the Prague trials but remained silent, fearing a reaction would further complicate the plight of the Jews of the Eastern bloc. 68 Ben-Gurion sharply censured the Israeli

in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
Patrick Thornberry

Court found that it was not unreasonable, disproportionate or arbitrary to require persons desiring to acquire Costa Rican nationality to know the official language well enough to communicate in it. The specifics of the case are not 170 Ibid. Ibid., para. 11. 172 Ibid., ch. X, section J. 173 Chunima case, reprinted in 1991 Inter-American Yearbook of Human Rights, p. 1104; Aloeboetoe case (reparations), I/A Ct. HR, Ser. C No. 15 (1993). See D. Shelton, ‘The jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights’, Am.U.J. of International Law and Policy 10 (1994): 333

in Indigenous peoples and human rights
Lorena De Vita

. From an Israeli perspective, these payments were crucial. Defence- and security-related expenses had increased substantially at the turn of the decade as the country expanded its armaments arsenal just as reparations from Germany and other foreign investments and capital transfers were declining. 1 But strengthening economic ties was not just important for the Israelis. In fact, such economic cooperation also acted as a multiplier of commercial opportunities to promote both West German and Israeli goods in third countries. Each side could, thanks to the other

in Israelpolitik
The key to governance
Nigel D. White

employment law facilitated by the creation of administrative tribunals can be seen, along with the functional protection of agents recognised in the Reparations opinion, as being essential for the recruitment and retention of a highly qualified and skilled UN workforce. The ICJ in the Reparations case in 1949 recognised a right of protection that cannot readily be implied from any of the express provisions of the Charter. In so doing, it recognised that the UN had rights of protection over individuals overlapping or in ‘competition’ with those customarily belonging to

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
Matthew P. Fitzpatrick and Peter Monteath

wound that periodically generates fresh symptoms, such as the present push for reparations made by peoples colonised by Britain, France and Germany. 6 Understanding and coming to terms with Europe's colonial past remains, it seems, an urgent task; not so that a final moment of reconciliation between colonisers and the colonised might be reached but so that honest working relationships and understandings that recognise the ongoing legacies of the colonial past

in Savage worlds