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Counter-power in photography from slavery to Occupy Wall Street
Nicholas Mirzoeff

a new Reconstruction (King 1967). In 1962, Michael Harrington’s The Other America had highlighted the invisibility of the poor, showing that in 1959 an extraordinary 55 per cent of African Americans lived in poverty (Harrington 1962, 63). The Poor People’s Campaign of 1967–​68 was inseparable from the anti-​ war movement and anti-​racist direct action. It explicitly designated the poor as the ‘colonised’ within the settler colony (Goldstein 2014, 137). Connecting the movements produced a new commons. It was made visible at Resurrection City, where thousands camped

in Image operations
Sean Parson

cronies. I cannot remember how many people showed up, but to me it seemed like thousands. It was clear to me that a revolution was at hand, and that we were going to stop this damn war! I was caught up in the excitement of the moment and thought we could conquer the world. Instead of thousands, it was probably only a few hundred; instead of stopping the war, the anti-war movement fizzled out and the occupation continues to this day. At that first protest (and nearly every protest I have ever attended since) we all shouted, with passion and rage: Whose streets? OUR

in Cooking up a revolution
Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray, and Philip M. Taylor

, 2003) and there were even popular moves to boycott French imports, but in Britain there was widespread public debate and protest (see the case study of the anti-war movement in Chapter 7). Between January and March, polls showed public opposition to be substantial and support to be conditional on a second UN 72 Pockets of resistance resolution.11 On 15 February, approximately one million anti-war protestors marched through London in the country’s largest ever demonstration.12 It was against this backdrop of continuing attempts to manage public opinion, the absence

in Pockets of resistance
Open Access (free)
Rethinking anarchist strategies
James Bowen

apathetic voting publics of the West with improved forms of electoral participation – through emailing and SMS texting – a healthy degree of anarchist intervention is needed. Whilst we do not yet know the political biographies of those young people for whom the anti-war movement of 2002 provided their first activist 126 Part II Doing experience, we do know that for their generation the shape of politics is changing fast. As David Graeber has noted, it has perhaps escaped the Left’s attention that the political form of many contemporary movements, against war, against

in Changing anarchism
Marc James Léger

of it in the mainstream art world. In an essay that discusses the organisational situation faced by the American anti-war movement in 1968, Brian Holmes mentions the theory of the revolutionary leader Amílcar Cabral, who argued that petty-bourgeois functionaries should be allowed to develop in the direction of their natural inclination as an intermediary bourgeoisie, eventually committing suicide as a class so that it can be reborn in its popular aspirations. 32 It is good then that art world functionaries were invited to the event

in Vanguardia
League, empire, nation
Helen McCarthy

, for example, sent a representative to the initial meeting in 1922 but later pulled out, and in Eastbourne the branch protested when the names of LNU officials incorrectly appeared on posters advertising a No More War demonstration in 1926.24 Similarly, the short-lived and Marxist-inspired British Anti-War Movement won some converts from Labour and the ILP, but its policy of war resistance and contemptuous disregard for the Covenant set it at odds with most sections of the League movement.25 The paths of the LNU and the radical left would converge later through the

in The British people and the League of Nations
The failure of political centrism, 1936–39
Helen McCarthy

Cecil to Murray, 10 April 1938, MSS Murray 232, 109. 70 Cecil to Lord Lucan, 23 June 1938, MSS Cecil, Add. 51180 78–79. 71 Cecil to Garnett, 18 February 1937, ibid., Add.51136, 55. 72 Ceadel, Semi-Detached Idealists, 349–358; Birn, League of Nation Union, chapter 10. 73 Ceadel, Semi-Detached Idealists, 349–50, and ‘The First Communist “Peace Society”: The British Anti-War Movement, 1932–1935’, Twentieth Century British History, 1:1 (1990), 58–86. Chris Andrew and O Gordievsky, KGB: The Secret History (London, 1990), cited by Ceadel, Semi-Detached Idealists, 349

in The British people and the League of Nations
Johanna Söderström

councils and the chamber of representatives, maintaining her M-19 ideals: “I think that the commitment with M-19 is the one that has defined my whole life” (C9). An example of a resilient Vietnam veteran is Charles, who was 22 when he went to war in 1967. His life diagram can be seen in Figure 3 . Charles grew up in a rather apolitical family, and his political interest was awakened by the Vietnam War. When he returned home, he became active in the anti-war movement. The Kent State massacre, when on May 4, 1970 a number of students were shot by the

in Living politics after war
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

body of international law to reduce the resort to the violent solution of conflict. But the anti-war movement never became a mass movement in the nineteenth century. This was partly because pacifists were to some extent divided by their other affiliations – Christian, Marxist or Mazzinian – and partly because of the great and, in many ways, incompatible appeal of nationalism. For this was the age of nationalism, the time when many submerged nations claimed (and in some cases achieved) the status of nation state. Since war was often the only means to that end

in Half the battle
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Patterns of support, negotiation and opposition
Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray, and Philip M. Taylor

Oppositional model Sky, ITV, BBC Sun, Mail, Times, Telegraph Battle, justifications for war (esp. humanitarian) Channel 4 Mirror, Independent, Guardian Civilian casualties, military casualties, humanitarian operations, law and order Ali Abbas Mirror, Independent, Guardian Civilian casualties, military casualties, humanitarian operations, law and order Ali Abbas Jessica Lynch, anti-war movement Jessica Lynch case study provides an ‘ideal type’ example of the propensity of news media to champion ‘good news’ stories from the battlefront; moreover, it highlights the

in Pockets of resistance