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Sandra Buchanan

In view of the theoretical confusion and associated definitional morass surrounding conflict transformation, it is necessary to preface this book with some conceptual clarification. This will enable an appropriate assessment of conflict transformation through social and economic development, specifically through the impacts of the tools under consideration

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Towards a transitional justice role
Lydia A. Nkansah

207 Chapter 10 ICERD in the post-​conflict landscape: towards a transitional justice role Lydia A. Nkansah Introduction The end of the twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty-​first century have witnessed conflicts with untold suffering to humanity.1 Ethnic conflicts have resulted in ‘the denial of human rights, breakdown of political order, decline of economic performance and escalation into civil and regional wars’.2 It is estimated that ‘more than half of the world’s thirty million refugees at the beginning of 1990 were fleeing from civil wars

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Leslie C. Green

nothing in the Charter enables the Organisation to intervene in matters essentially in the internal affairs of any state unless there is a threat to the peace, a breach of the peace or an act of aggression, in which case the United Nations is entitled to have recourse to enforcement measures in accordance with Chapter VII of the Charter. A non-international conflict has traditionally been one in

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Adrian Millar

Introduction While the literature on Northern Ireland is voluminous, 1 in keeping with the Lacanian emphasis on the centrality of aggression in the construction of identity, in this chapter I examine the literature that explains the Northern Ireland conflict in terms of communal identity and, in this process, note the republican self

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Michael Staunton

immediate eruption of conflict upon Thomas’s elevation to Canterbury, Herbert’s version is also guilty of distortion. He passes over the danger to the relationship between archbishop and king caused by Thomas’s claiming of royal castles and his antagonising of the king’s tenants-in-chief. The description of the council of Tours is highly selective

in The lives of Thomas Becket
Joseph Ruane

4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:27 Page 166 16 Conflict and reconciliation in Northern Ireland Joseph Ruane On 2 December 2012 Belfast City Council decided by majority vote to cease flying the Union Jack over City Hall every day of the year and to fly it on just eighteen, designated days. The pressure for change came from the nationalist parties on the council, Sinn Fein and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), who had not wanted it flown at all. The agreement to fly it on designated days only was a compromise to secure

in Are the Irish different?
Governmentality of participation and strategic veto in Bihar and Jharkhand, India
Amit Prakash

3 Political economy of conflict and peace: governmentality of participation and strategic veto in Bihar and Jharkhand, India Amit Prakash Mainstream governance literature is rooted in a technocratic approach to ‘resolving’ policy conundrums and has an uneasy approach to conflict. Conflict is seen as an aberration, which can and must be ‘resolved’ by construction of adequate policy responses to conflict. Embedded within this approach is a presumption that it is possible to create a system of governance in which the policy choices are limited to merely finding

in Cultures of governance and peace
Eşref Aksu

T HE CYPRUS CONFLICT , too, emerged out of a colonial context. In Cyprus, some 6,500 peacekeepers were deployed at a time when, as a result of the Congo experience, several international actors were sceptical of UN peacekeeping. 1 As of 2002, the Cyprus mission was still continuing. However, its nature had changed considerably since the Turkish intervention in 1974

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

W IDESPREAD INTRA-STATE CONFLICT is not a new phenomenon. Its rise to the centre of attention in international policy circles is. UN involvement in intra-state conflicts is not new either. What is new is the increasing systematisation of UN involvement in conflict-torn societies. It is these two novelties of the post-Cold War world that shape the main concerns of this study. What is problematised

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
The Radcliffe boundary commission and the partition of Punjab
Author: Lucy P. Chester

This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.