machinery of the “commune petition” in the fourteenth
century’, EHR , 56 (1941), 198–233, 549–70;
J. R. Maddicott, ‘The countycommunity and the making of
public opinion in fourteenth century England’, TRHS 5th
series, 28 (1978), 27–43.
Musson and Ormrod, Evolution , pp.
146–57; Ross, Edward IV
The 1341 Royal Inquest in Lincolnshire ,
ed. B. W. McLane, Lincoln Record Society, 78 (1988).
G. L. Harriss, King, Parliament and Public
Finance in Medieval England to 1369 (Oxford, Clarendon
Press, 1975), pp. 405–10; W. N. Bryant, ‘The financial
dealings of Edward III with the county
Payling, ‘Law and arbitration’,
150–51; S. J. Payling, ‘Arbitration, perpetual entails
and collateral warranties in late medieval England: a case
study’, JLH , 13 (1992), 32–62.
Rawcliffe, ‘Commercial disputes’, p.
110; M. J. Bennett, ‘A countycommunity: social cohesion
exhaustively explored: see C. Holmes, ‘The countycommunity in Stuart historiography’, The Journal of British Studies 19 (1980), pp. 54–73.
2 V. Morgan, ‘The cartographic image of “the country” in early modern England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th Series 29 (1979), pp. 129–54; Cliffe, The Yorkshire Gentry, pp. 20–4.
3 Gerard, Dorset, p. 35; Carew, Cornwall, p. 138.
4 Compare the introductions of Staffs. C.R.O. D649/4/2, and Burton, Revised; Williams,
‘William Burton’s 1642 revised edition of the Description of Leicestershire’, pp. 30–6.
5 M. Aston
government’ (J. E. Neale, Essays in Elizabethan History [London, 1958], pp. 200–1).
29 Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, 1559–81, pp. 386–92.
30 Chapter 4 in this volume; Z. Dovey, An Elizabethan Progress: the Queen’s journey into
East Anglia, 1578 (Stroud, 1996); D. MacCulloch, ‘Catholic and puritan in Elizabethan
Suffolk: a countycommunity polarises’, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 72 (1981):
232–89; D. MacCulloch, Suffolk and the Tudors: Polities and religion in an English county,
1500–1600 (Oxford, 1986); A. Hassell Smith, County and Court: Government and
society in Elizabethan Sussex (Leicester, 1969),
D.N.J. MacCulloch, ‘Power, privilege and the countycommunity: county
politics in Elizabethan Suffolk’, unpublished PhD thesis (University of
Cambridge, 1977), pp. 144–7.
Collinson, Religion of Protestants, p. 78; Rosemary O’Day, ‘Ecclesiastical
patronage and recruitment, with special reference to the diocese of Coventry
and Lichfield, 1558–1642’, unpublished PhD thesis (University of London,
Patrick Collinson, ‘Episcopacy and reform in England in the later sixteenth
century’, in G.J. Cuming (ed
Political communication and the rise of the agent in seventeenth-century England
in the wake of provocative claims about the importance of the ‘countycommunity’ and of localism. Scribal documents and printed pamphlets have
been used to demonstrate the degree to which national issues penetrated
into local cultures and society, the degree to which people across the country
were engaged with, and able to follow, national affairs and the degree to
which local people could influence national affairs, as authors, petitioners
and lobbyists. Recent work on political communication, in other words, has
detected important shifts in the kinds of
), pp. 324–5,
J. R. Maddicott, ‘The countycommunity and
the making of public opinion in fourteenth-century England’,
TRHS , 5th series, 18 (1978), pp. 27–43.
Dodd, ‘Crown, magnates and gentry’,
paid dividends of up to 10 per cent, although free admission seems to have been
as great an attraction. In the nineteenth century, when most courses were unenclosed, upper- and middle-class groups had provided subscriptions to the race
meetings. By the interwar period this practice had died out on flat courses,
which were almost all enclosed and reliant on entrance money through the
turnstiles. The traditional pattern continued, however, in the smaller National
Hunt courses, where elite patronage allowed status positioning within the
origin of this interest; J. S. Roskell, Parliament and Politics in Late Medieval England , vols. ii–iii (London, 1981) collects some pioneering case studies. For current thinking, P. R. Coss, The Langley Family and its Cartulary: a study in late medieval ‘gentry’ (Dugdale Soc., Occasional Papers, xxii, 1974); A. J. Pollard, ‘The Richmondshire community of gentry during the Wars of the Roses’, Patronage, Pedigree and Power in Later Medieval England , ed. C. Ross (Gloucester, 1979), pp. 37–59; M. J. Bennett, ‘A countycommunity: social cohesion among the Cheshire