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Making the journey abroad
Emma Robinson-Tomsett

Death in the Age of Sail: The Passage to Australia (London, 2006), p. 23). Stephen Constantine also estimates that there were a minimum of 19,962,638 British emigrants between 1815 and 1938 (S. Constantine, ‘Introduction: empire migration and imperial harmony’, in S. Constantine (ed.), Emigrants and Empire: British Settlement in the Dominions between the Wars (Manchester, 1990), p. 1). 2 J. Belich, Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World, 1783  –1939 (Oxford, 2009), p. 58; M. Harper and S. Constantine, Migration and Empire

in Women, travel and identity
Matthew C. Hendley

African veldt and Australian outback. This would not only reduce the number of citizens competing for scarce employment in Great Britain but would also create prosperity by generating profits overseas which could be channelled back into purchasing British goods. Conservative support for Empire migration also reflected uneasiness over the increasingly urban nature of the British population and their desire ‘to restore rural life and values’.75 The Primrose League promoted the ideals of Empire settlement. Numerous articles pointed to the unsettled rural areas of Australia

in Rethinking right-wing women
Kent Fedorowich

platitudes or ritual incantations’. 100 Despite the constraints of the domestic political scene, serious doubt remains as to the sincerity of both Botha and Smuts to support British immigration. Their public pronouncements were guarded and vague, steeped in the knowledge that any commitment to empire migration would lose votes in the backveldt. Rhetoric aside, this determination to pursue a course of inaction for

in Unfit for heroes
Australia and British migration, 1916—1939
Michael Roe

comparison prevailed in Australia, too ; the strongest common trait between the masses in the two countries was suspicion of Empire migration. Even Australian governments and officials formally supportive of migration were conscious enough of political feeling and economic pressures to impose considerable restraints. This was most obvious in restricting assistance to people ‘nominated’ or

in Emigrants and empire
Stephen Constantine

The introduction of the ex-servicemen’s assisted-passage scheme in 1919 and the Empire Settlement Act of 1922 signalled the Imperial government’s conversion to a faith in Empire migration as a solution to several apparent domestic and international difficulties. But it was acknowledged that effective policies depended on the active cooperation of the dominion governments

in Emigrants and empire
Canada and Empire settlement, 1918–1939
John A. Schultz

little headway in Ottawa. While officials promised to give the schemes ‘every consideration’, the ‘Government’s attitude was one of caution’ given the practical difficulties. Other supporters of renewed immigration included such patriotic groups as the Canadian Corps Association and IODE, the so-called ‘Empire Policy Group’ of Conservative British MPs, as well as the ‘Empire

in Emigrants and empire
Edna Bradlow

redistribute them in the Empire, while at the same time encouraging the exploitation of under-developed imperial resources. 41 Amery’s concept of state-aided Empire migration and land settlement, adumbrated at a conference in London early in 1921, was therefore basically a scheme of overseas relief for the United Kingdom’s unemployed, clothed in the vocabulary of enlightened

in Emigrants and empire
Anna Bocking-Welch

). 18 Corona (August 1962), p. 8. 19 Jean P. Smith, ‘“The women's branch of the Commonwealth Relations Office”: the Society for the Overseas Settlement of British Women and the long life of empire migration’, Women's History Review , 25:4 (2016), 529. 20

in British civic society at the end of empire
Abstract only
Sarah Lonsdale

women presidents of the NUT were Miss I. Cleghorn, MA (1911), Miss E. R. Conway CBE (1918) and Miss J. F. Wood MA (1920) (NUT Annual Report, 1929, Warwick Modern Records). 13 She became an MP again in the 1945 Labour landslide and served in Attlee’s government. 14 For attitudes towards black performers among London’s intelligentsia, see Bush 1999 : 211–14. See also Evans 2019 : 165–7. 15 Bush 1999 : 215. 16 Marson 1933 . 17 Marson’s journalism in the magazine that she founded and edited in Jamaica, the Cosmopolitan , shows a desire for ‘cross-empire

in Rebel women between the wars
Abstract only
Nicola Ginsburgh

and Andrew Thompson ‘ Introduction ’, in Empire, Migration and Identity in the British World , ed. Kent Fedorowich and Andrew Thompson ( Manchester : Manchester University Press , 2013 ), pp. 1 – 41 . See also Philip Bonner , Jonathan Hyslop and Lucien van der Walt , ‘ Rethinking Worlds of Labour: Southern African Labour History in International Context ’, African Studies , 66 : 2 – 3 ( 2007 ), p. 139 . For flows of African labourers across national boundaries, see van Onselen, Chibaro ; Brian Raftopoulos and Ian Phimister

in Class, work and whiteness