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John Horgan

Britain and France. Here, according to a writer who interviewed him some years later about his exploits, he ‘gravitated by a process of natural law to the centre of the danger zone’.6 His nationality probably helped him secure a job as assistant to an Irishman named Lillie, who was editor of the Siam Free Press, and also local correspondent of the New York Herald. Within a month, unexpected events propelled his career upwards. Lillie was expelled from Siam for publishing articles which exacerbated the tensions between the King of Siam and France, and McCullagh

in Irish journalism before independence
Enrico Pugliese

the Geneva Convention on refugees because of the emerging types of migrants and refugees do not fit with the categories set out in the Convention.1 The Albanian immigrants were not the largest group reaching the  Mediterranean countries from eastern Europe. Immigrants of various nationalities started moving soon after, legally or illegally, towards the countries of southern Europe. These were the main, silent actors in the  Mediterranean migration scene around the year 2000. They did not follow the sea routes and so did not experience the opportunities and risks of

in Western capitalism in transition
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Their commencement, effects and termination
Leslie C. Green

restrictions upon the freedom of residents possessing adverse-party nationality. For countries which have ratified Geneva Convention IV relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 1949, 50 civilians present in the territory of the adverse party are protected by the terms of that Convention immediately upon the outbreak of hostilities. 51 Relations between

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
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Lisa Downing

touched or impressed him, Leconte crosses nationality and generation, before finally expressing his admiration for the iconic Jewish-American tragic-comic director and actor. This reluctance, this restless, irritable inability to commit to any one discernable position or to follow any singular influence is perhaps at the heart of Leconte’s diversity as a filmmaker. We have seen that this diversity is part of what irritates

in Patrice Leconte
Matthew Kidd

between men and women workers. The typical labourist of the Edwardian period was a male trade union official. In general, he was a white British resident of an urban town or city, a churchgoer and someone who was either employed or had previously been employed in a manual occupation. These were the building blocks of the labourist identity, and it was common for labourists to express pride in their nationality, their ‘manliness’, their commitment to hard work, their contribution to the prosperity of Britain and its empire, and, on occasion, their membership of the

in The renewal of radicalism
Nursing the liberated persons at Bergen-Belsen
Jane Brooks

,000 women and 18, 000 men. About 90 per cent of the inmates were of Jewish origin, with an average age of 28.11 Typhus and starvation were endemic, as was TB, dysentery and fever.12 Many had gastro-intestinal infections, erysipelas and scurvy. Camp II comprised a series of brick buildings and houses with approximately 27,000 inhabitants of a variety of nationalities. Enteric, TB and erysipelas were present, but no typhus and they appeared better fed.13 Between 1 to 31 March, 17,000 persons died in Belsen. From 1 to 15 April, the day of liberation, a further 18,000 died

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
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Mary Gilmartin

family for migrants living in Ireland and for migrants from Ireland living elsewhere, and shows the ways in which family changes across space and time. The final section of the chapter is concerned with community. In migration studies, the term community often refers to migrants with a shared nationality, such as the Irish community in Australia or the Polish community in Ireland. This section shows the difficulties with this approach to community, and the alternative – and at times contradictory – ways in which migrants define the term. Rather than assuming that

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
The off-duty world of the Customs staff
Catherine Ladds

cosmopolitanism would have been dashed soon after going ashore in Shanghai. The treaty port social order was a complex beast, structured around a series of overlapping hierarchies based not just on race but also on nationality, gender and class. Although many Europeans saw an opportunity to become ‘true gentlemen’ in the colonies, their compatriots overseas were likely to trample on the ambitions of would

in Empire careers
Nationalism, universalism and Europe
John Carter Wood

The last chapter showed how ‘planning for freedom’ helped the Oldham group map a middle way between laissez-faire capitalism and totalitarian collectivism and offer what most members saw as an alternative to Marxism. But confronting totalitarianism, particularly in its right-wing form, also required engaging with nationalism. The group had mixed feelings about national identity: it saw ‘nationality’ as a legitimate aspect of human community but rejected what it distinguished as ‘national ism ’. This led to an ambivalent patriotism and an interest in

in This is your hour
The poetics of suffrage in the work of Eva Gore-Booth and Constance Markievicz
Lauren Arrington

attention on improving the lives of working-class women including barmaids and female factory workers. Both sisters wrote poetry and plays that articulated their individual attitudes to Irish nationality and their shared battle for sexual equality. The suffrage meeting in Drumcliffe gives a foretaste of the poetics that Constance and Eva developed over the following three decades. The meeting hall was ‘packed to the doors’ with an audience that consisted primarily of men – most of whom had come to object to women’s right to vote. However, the suffragists had prepared to

in Irish women’s writing, 1878–1922