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Susana Onega

transcendental gods and religious dogmas to be used as instruments of power over other human beings. Noah’s physical aspect enhances this interpretation. Gloria despises him because he looks like ‘a transvestite [wearing] frocks and stacked heels and make-up’ (BB 18) and, while his three sons call him ‘Dad’ (BB 109), the Unpronounceable calls him ‘mother’ (BB 89, 111, 122). This suggested androgyny is in keeping with the description of the creation of humans as male and female in the first chapter of Genesis.59 In the biblical account, these androgynes ‘were giants in those

in Jeanette Winterson
William Godwin, Mary Wollstonecraft and the perils of the present
Jonathan Dent

Wieland . Brown focuses on ventriloquism and (inner) voices in order to show how frighteningly vulnerable individuals are to powerful ideologies, and the destructive consequences that can result from religious enthusiasm and the internalisation of religious dogma. Theodore does not question the voice in his head, and this is one of the main targets of Brown’s Gothic novel: the disturbing ease with which

in Sinister histories
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John Lever and Johan Fischer

synagogue in Didsbury three times on the Sabbath and also on holidays and during festivals. He was brought up in a kosher home and suggests that he still tries to keep as much of the tradition as he can, but that he has to a large extent gradually been assimilated; he describes himself as ‘pretty relaxed’. The family do not run a kosher household, he suggests, primarily because his wife is secular and against any type of religious dogma; he also states that it would have been impossible to lead a harmonious married life if he ‘kicked up a fuss about kosher food all the

in Religion, regulation, consumption
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Daniel Laqua

-called religious dogmas; but you are not opposed to the essence of religion.’100 The pastor conceded that religious freethinkers did ‘not have scholars of renown as universal as Berthelot and Haeckel, Maudsley and Lombroso’.101 At the same time, he criticised the likes of Hector Denis for regarding science as a source of morality. A similar line of argument was adopted by the Catholic opponents of freethought. In 1910, for example, the Maison d’Action Catholique in Belgium discussed whether science had made religion redundant. It praised Augustine of Hippo and Gregory of

in The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880–1930
The creation of a children’s socialist movement and the ‘religion of socialism’
Jessica Gerrard

_Gerrard_Childhoods_Printer.indd 68 02/04/2014 10:39 ‘Waken, children, waken!’ 69 This was, unsurprisingly, expressed multifariously. F. J. Gould found purpose in developing alternative moral codes outside religious dogma. Others were less apologetic for their overt use of religious tropes, such as the prominent SSS organiser Lizzie Glasier. Defending SSS practice in reply to Sunday school teachers in 1907, she writes, ‘Socialism … is a Faith – a faith based on Divine brotherhood and sisterhood of humanity – irrespective of class, colour, or creed. It is a Religion – a religion greater than

in Radical childhoods
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Enlightenment Islam
Nadia Kiwan

of Muslims in this latter context tends to posit the ‘good’ Muslim as one who does question religious teaching, whilst the ‘bad’ or dangerous Muslim is the one who is seen to be too accepting of religious dogma and reluctant to embrace the critical autonomy in relation to religion required of the ‘good’ French citizen (Laborde 2012). For Chebel, the fact that the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed in Arabic has a particular significance, since the fact that the message of Islam was spread through the ancient language of the Bedouins and city dwellers of the

in Secularism, Islam and public intellectuals in contemporary France
John M. MacKenzie and Nigel R. Dalziel

our sectarians’, who were half religious and half political, setting themselves up as ‘judges between masters and apprentices’. He thought they fostered discontent and insubordination among Africans, partly because they themselves sprang ‘from the lower classes, ignorant of human nature’ and were ‘warped and perverted’ by ‘religious dogmas’. Moodie, Ten Years , I, p. 204

in The Scots in South Africa
Margret Fetzer

itself, is suspected of being the first reason for God’s ‘ravishment’ of Anne’s soul. Only outside of that social frame, one may conclude, is religious devotion possible – which is why even today Catholic clerics are expected to remain celibates. The ‘Holy Sonnets’ as theatres of their own Through an interpretation of Donne’s ‘Holy Sonnets’ as ‘autotheatrical’, I would like to suggest a denominationally neutral reading of these poems. Although Donne refused to elevate theologically controversial points to the status of religious dogma (Roston, 2007: 176), there is no

in John Donne’s Performances
Howitt’s Journal and Douglas Jerrold’s Shilling Magazine
Rob Breton

necessary, reforms of ourselves.’ 8 Meteyard insists on a hard division between ‘sorts’ of Chartism, the kinds that seek self-reform and the kinds that seek the ‘destruction of what sort soever, pulling down parliament houses, sacking a city, or burning acts of parliament’. 9 Warning against the ‘sort of oratory’ that might inflame the people, she embraces a conditional Chartism by hardening the distinction between its ‘forms’: ‘this sort of Chartism is the offspring of popular ignorance; and had the governing class taught instead of quibbling over religious dogma

in The penny politics of Victorian popular fiction
Richard Cleminson

essay on the ‘new sex morality’ pursued by anarchism. 234 At times, his pieces exuded a rather normative tone, as in his discussions of homosexuality, a desire that would be eliminated not through repression but by the bright curative lights of science, the destruction of religious dogma and the steadfast labours of those people of ‘sexualidad normal’. It was these members of a ‘phalanx’ of tenacious fighters who were ‘obligadas a aliviar la cruz de las [personas] que sustentan una sexualidad desviada’ (obliged to alleviate the cross borne by those that display

in Anarchism and eugenics