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The social imaginary of the London bog-house c.1660–c.1800
Mark Jenner

mistaken you soon will explore Yet he scratches and S—s as no man did before.12 The print travelled as far as China, where it was transmogrified into decoration on porcelain punchbowls manufactured for export.13 Back in Britain such objects featured in rowdy rituals of bibulous masculinity;14 gentlemen doubtless enjoyed the transgressive frisson 102 Sawney’s seat of drinking from a vessel which suggested substances that were not habitually consumed.15 Contained in the transnational recensions of this image was the conviction that national difference could be reduced

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Open Access (free)
Christine E. Hallett

: The Great War, Mallory, and the Conquest of Everest (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011): 537–54. 27 Sarah Macnaughtan, My War Experiences in Two Continents, ed. Mrs Lionel Salmon [Betty Keays-Young] (London: John Murray, 1919): 257. 28 On the creation of heroic myths of warfare, see:  Michael Paris, Warrior Nation: Images of War in British Popular Culture, 1850–2000 (London: Reaktion Books, 2000), passim; Graham Dawson, Soldier Heroes:  British Adventure, Empire and the Imagining of Masculinities (London: Routledge, 1994), passim. 29 Mary Borden, The Forbidden Zone (London

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Joris Vandendriessche

Speech and the Culture of Public Life in the Age of Gladstone (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001). 5 D.A. Finnegan, ‘Placing Science in an Age of Oratory: Spaces of Scientific Speech in Mid-Victorian Edinburgh,’ in D. Livingstone and C. Withers (eds), Debate and controversy 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 85 Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2011), pp. 153–77, 154–6. On the codes of conduct in parliamentary debate in Belgium: J. Hoegaerts, ‘La Voix du Pays: Masculinity, Vocal

in Medical societies and scientific culture in nineteenth-century Belgium
Medicine and the world of letters
Michael Brown

might probably have met disappointment half way.116 The moral of this story, such as it is (the ‘Beau’ ends up in the mud, courtesy of the ‘Tar’), is that foppish affectation is always trumped by plain honest 72 Performing medicine masculinity. Once again artificiality is made synonymous with French ‘manners’ and upon concluding his story Charles returns immediately to the issue of his continental education. In general, he claims, the Englishman crosses the Channel not ‘in remembrance of his own country, but to forget it; foibles and poverty he brings back in

in Performing medicine
Neglect, incompetence, and unintentional killing
Alannah Tomkins

. Aborting a foetus was always a clandestine activity, and one historically associated with women. One of the charges levelled against female midwives en masse was their alleged propensity to conduct abortion.9 This potentially rendered the involvement of qualified practitioners in abortion an underhand, feminised failing and, where the child was allegedly their own, implied gross betrayal of disinterested and professional masculinity. This chapter will consider charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
Abstract only
Lunacy and the asylum
Alannah Tomkins

were good reasons for medical men to be reticent about their mental illhealth in their public, and even private, writings. Micale has argued that between 1790 and 1860 there was medical denial that hysteria, for example, could be suffered by men. He sees this as part of a broader redefinition of masculinity, such that ‘By the end of Victoria’s reign, the spectrum of emotions deemed appropriate for adult men in Britain had greatly diminished, as the familiar historical image of stoical insensibility and the stiff upper lip emerged and hardened.’6 Consequently

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
Debbie Palmer

now recommended as the deciding factors regarding the employability of a nurse rather than gender.67 Drawing on research studies studying the relationship between sex difference and occupation as criteria in determining occupational suitability,68 the Wood Report argued that the best nurses combined both masculine and feminine qualities. It recommended that a scale for assessing masculinity and femininity, developed by American psychologist Lewis Terman in 1936, be adapted for assessing student nurses.69 Domesticity, considered a qualification to nurse in the late

in Who cared for the carers?
Vicky Long

recurrence – of mania means a murder, sometimes a massacre. The homicidal maniac who Shocked the World as Jack the Ripper had been . . . in a lunatic asylum.’23 One can well imagine that the individual who added this clipping to the charity’s press-­cuttings did so with a heavy heart, given that the article’s main intention was to generate panic among its readers that discharged patients were dangerous, violent and by no means cured. 138 DESTIGMATISING MENTAL ILLNESS? Brutish, brutal and brutalising: asylums, patients, nursing and masculinity24 Cutting nails, chronic

in Destigmatising mental illness?
Open Access (free)
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth

, modern China, and Victorian England. 30 In Japan, as Sabine Frühstück has argued, neurasthenia was closely connected to concerns about masculinity, masturbation, and homosexuality. 31 Contrastingly, debates about neurasthenia in nineteenth-century Argentina were, as Kristin Ruggiero's work on modern diseases in the national Argentinian identity demonstrates, deeply informed by historical, politicised disputes about national honour and social responsibility

in Progress and pathology
Abstract only
Lunacy investigation law and the asylum reconsidered
James E. Moran

rural New Jersey, it is easy to imagine that being declared non compos mentis constituted a major loss of masculine identity. In the case of John L., not only did this entail the loss of control over property that had clearly taken years to amass, but also included belittling contests with his guardian over limited access to his own funds in public spaces in his neighbourhood. In Chapter 5 the parameters of masculinity and non compos mentis decisions for English men were explored. The much more detailed accounts of the New Jersey lunacy trials allow, in some

in Madness on trial