the dangerous working and housing conditions of the mid-19th
century appears misplaced. However, the disaster exposed a
much deeper neoliberal fault-line in the governance of housing
safety, from decades of so-called ‘free market’ policies aimed
at boosting capitalist profitability and in particular feeding the
voracious returns demanded by an increasingly dominant global
financial investor class.15 Successive governments of all political
persuasions rolled back state provision and social protections
Safe as houses
African cities and collaborative futures: Urban platforms and metropolitan
logistics brings together scholars from across the globe to discuss the nature
of African cities – the interactions of residents with infrastructure, energy,
housing, safety and sustainability, seen through local narratives and theories.
This groundbreaking collection, drawing on a variety of fields and extensive
first-hand research, offers a fresh perspective on some of the most pressing
issues confronting urban Africa in the twenty-first century. Each of the
chapters, using case studies from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, South
Africa and Tanzania, explores how the rapid growth of African cities is
reconfiguring the relationship between urban social life and its built forms.
While the most visible transformations in cities today can be seen as
infrastructural, these manifestations are cultural as well as material,
reflecting the different ways in which the city is rationalised, economised and
governed. How can we ‘see like a city’ in twenty-first-century Africa,
understanding the urban present to shape its future? This is the central
question posed throughout this volume, with a practical focus on how academics,
local decision-makers and international practitioners can work together to
achieve better outcomes.
displacement of people and their reterritorialisation, but also applies to their means of travel and the public transformation of ideology about these people in recent cultural or political theory. Finally, the journeys undertaken by the writers and artists discussed here, most of whom were migrants, gains critical force through the aesthetic techniques used in novels, and plays, as well as reportage.
Migration and the figure of the migrant as visible to others and as the Other became problematic starting in the early decades of the twentieth century
The invisibility of border-related trauma narratives in the Finnish–Russian borderlands
and novels that were published in Finland are Boris Cederholm's Punainen painajainen ( 1929 ) ( In the Clutches of the Cheka ) and Kirsti Huurre's Sirpin ja moukarin alla ( 1942 ) ( Under Hammer and Sickle ), as well as Arvi Perttu's Papaninin retkikunta ( 2006 ) ( The Expedition of Papanin ) and Kipu ( 2014 ) ( Pain ). The novels published in Russian Karelia include Nikolai Jaakkola's Selville vesille ( 1968 ) ( Into the Clear Waters ) and Antti Timonen's Me karjalaiset ( 1971 ) ( We Karelians ). The selected works were produced in different political
From an ‘infrastructural turn’ to the platform logics of
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
-based networks of tracking and tracing on the ground contrasted with the grim spectacle seen in the capital of global finance in New York. Between countries, differences were commonly attributed to the particular combinations of strong public health infrastructure, successful state surveillance of private mobility data and social control in places with strong state institutional capacity such as China and Korea, reflecting national political contexts and institutional forms. Clearly, what was at stake was a moment when global forces landed locally, reconfiguring the DNA of
Bringing fresh insights to the contemporary globalization debate, this text reveals the social and political contests that give ‘global’ its meaning, by examining the contested nature of globalization as it is expressed in the restructuring of work. The book rejects conventional explanations of globalization as a process that automatically leads to transformations in working lives, or as a project that is strategically designed to bring about lean and flexible forms of production, and advances an understanding of the social practices that constitute global change. Through case studies that span from the labour flexibility debates in Britain and Germany to the strategies and tactics of corporations and workers, it examines how globalization is interpreted and experienced in everyday life and argues that contestation has become a central feature of the practices that enable or confound global restructuring.
contradictions of the human world – geology, biology, personal history, myth, politics – into ‘a state of consciousness even fleetingly worthy of its ground’. He proposes that such a synthesis would not be just a work of art, but a step beyond: ‘it
would be like a reading of that work’. ‘Impossible,’ he says. And yet it is precisely
this aesthetic and ecological experiment that drives both volumes of Stones of Aran
(Pilgrimage and Labyrinth).5
Thus Robinson’s masterpiece of ecological prose, the Stones of Aran diptych,
suggests failure at
it on nature, weather and geographical latitude. Again, you would have a fabulous personal life working with nice, selfless and politically correct people in international development, all of them concerned about and dedicated to the poor, so much so that they are paid many times more for holding a passport from the West and working in the lands of the rest ( Hall, 1996 ).
The two comforts described above – armchair theorising and non-reflexive developmental action – are understandable responses to the challenges posed by the dominant discourse about development
A Capability Approach based analysis from the UK and Ireland
limit opportunities for individual and collective freedoms in urban areas (Harvey,
1990). As wellbeing goals may be individually, socially and politically influenced,
so too are the values and reasoning behind why individuals become involved in
urban gardening activities. Such urban activity may enhance both the sustainable
and just use of urban resources.
In examining the opportunities and freedoms valued in engaging with urban
gardening activity, one must look to the varying conceptions of freedom. Harvey
(2005) writes of a lack of serious debate as to which
Unfolding Irish landscapes offers a comprehensive and sustained study of the work of cartographer, landscape writer and visual artist Tim Robinson. The visual texts and multi-genre essays included in this book, from leading international scholars in Irish Studies, geography, ecology, environmental humanities, literature and visual culture, explore Robinson’s writing, map-making and art. Robinson’s work continues to garner significant attention not only in Ireland, but also in the United Kingdom, Europe and North America, particularly with the recent celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his monumental Stones of Aran: pilgrimage. Robert Macfarlane has described Robinson’s work in Ireland as ‘one of the most sustained, intensive and imaginative studies of a landscape that has ever been carried out’. It is difficult to separate Robinson the figure from his work and the places he surveys in Ireland – they are intertextual and interconnected. This volume explores some of these characteristics for both general and expert readers alike. As individual studies, the essays in this collection demonstrate disciplinary expertise. As parts of a cohesive project, they form a collective overview of the imaginative sensibility and artistic dexterity of Robinson’s cultural and geographical achievements in Ireland. By navigating Robinson’s method of ambulation through his prose and visual creations, this book examines topics ranging from the politics of cartography and map-making as visual art forms to the cultural and environmental dimensions of writing about landscapes.