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Modern British imperial identity in the 1903 Delhi durbar’s exhibition of Indian art
Julie F. Codell

the exhibition and catalogue – to display and assert knowledge as power and to recuperate durbar costs and India’s debts – disguised imperial domination with a kinder, gentler blend of gentlemanly capitalism with aristocratic patronage. The exhibition became ‘at once the sign and the proof of reality’, to borrow Roland Barthes’s critique of nineteenth-century historical narrative. 154

in Cultural identities and the aesthetics of Britishness
Carol Polsgrove

of the African diaspora. When he left New York for Moscow at the end of 1929, not long after the stock market crash signalled the possible end of capitalism, he was primed for the work ahead. ‘Dear Cyril’, Padmore wrote to a Harlem friend, Cyril Ollivierre, on 16 April 1930 on a ship bound to Africa, ‘Just a few lines that should have been done long ago, but it was not safe

in Ending British rule in Africa
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Mark Hampton

the creation of a colonial space in which unbridled capitalism could flourish – while at the same time projecting a site for the British at play. Much of this discourse noted the transience of this ‘borrowed’ place and time, whether because the Chinese could seize it back at any moment or because 1997 seemed, even in the immediate postwar years, a likely terminal date. Remarkably, even in the 1960s

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
Conrad’s Heart of Darkness
Tim Youngs

, its emphasis on duty and effort (which is evident in the subtitle ‘A Story of Work and Exploration’ and throughout), and for demonstrating clearly and beyond refute the links between capitalism and image-formation. Early in the work, which is dedicated to Leopold and those who helped Stanley, the author asserts: ‘The charge of Quixotism, being directed against my mission, deterred many noble men in

in Travellers in Africa
Nigel Penn

a mistake to attempt to relate developments on the frontier zone so closely to either commodity exchange or the concept of a transition from merchant capitalism to industrial capitalism in the metropolitan powers. This is not to deny that Marxist paradigms can generate revelatory explanations. It is simply to suggest that commodity exchange was not necessarily the most important activity

in Colonial frontiers
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Work and the ends of settler colonialism
Ben Silverstein

accustomed, and around the Pastoral Industry which they like.’ 8 And this focus on labour would constitute the mechanism by which Aboriginal people would be propelled along the march to civilisation. The Aboriginal New Deal located Aboriginal workers variously on a continuum between enslavement and freedom, the latter constituting the modern destiny of all subjects. The horizon of emancipation rested on free labour as the triumphant outcome of progress, staging capitalism as the inevitable end of history. 9 But, in the Aboriginal New Deal, this freedom could not be

in Governing natives
Carol Polsgrove

and social betterment’. They urged colonial peoples to organise strikes and boycotts. Without specifically mentioning socialism, they set their demands for freedom squarely in a frame of anti-capitalism; they called for economic democracy. They exhorted intellectuals and professionals to fight for ‘trade union rights, the right to form co-operatives, freedom of the press, assembly, demonstration and strike

in Ending British rule in Africa
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Emma Robertson

cocoa is an attempt to ‘understand the wealth and poverty of nations, using the cocoa-to-chocolate commodity chain in the liberal era as a litmus test for theories of economic development’. 15 However, such theories of ‘development’ are problematic in privileging ‘modern’ western capitalism over so-called ‘traditional’ methods. Women, in particular, are often labelled as

in Chocolate, women and empire
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Rebuilding the Bank of England, 1919–39
Iain Black

connection with this project. I am also very grateful to David Gilbert and Felix Driver for their helpful comments on a draft of the chapter. 1 H. Baker, ‘Symbolism in Art’, paper read to the Royal Institution of Great Britain, (London, Royal Institution of Great Britain, 1933). 2 On economic and financial aspects of the City/empire nexus see, for example, G. Ingham, Capitalism Divided? The City and Industry in British Social Development (London

in Imperial cities
Neville Kirk

capitalism itself. 6 Yet towards the end of the century there were limited and uneven, but unmistakeable signs of reawakened and growing labour movement political assertiveness and independence. In 1888 the Scottish Labour Party was formed. Five years later what was to prove the most influential group of the ‘socialist revival’, Keir Hardie’s Independent Labour Party ( ILP ), came into existence. Although numerically small, the main socialist groups, the ILP itself, H.M. Hyndman’s Social Democratic Federation ( SDF

in Labour and the politics of Empire