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Discovering the formal and figurative texture of Derricke’s Image of Irelande
Matthew Woodcock

) Indeed, taken all together, the three Mirror- like Rory Og and O’Neill poems represent a polarised illustration of the only two courses of action available to the Gaelic Irish lords: respectively, persecution and inevitable execution, or humble submission. The opposition between humans and beasts is another significant binary for Derricke and this informs the dominant conceit of the entire Image – that of the essentially bestial nature of the Gaelic Irish kern and the society he inhabits and infects – for

in John Derricke’s The Image of Irelande: with a Discoverie of Woodkarne
Sir Henry Sidney’s return to Dublin as depicted in Derricke’s Image of Irelande
Bríd McGrath

nobles were planned under Henry, Edward, Mary and Elizabeth, so there was no reluctance in principle to including them as part of the Irish nobility. Despite these ennoblements and St Leger and Cusack’s efforts at inclusion, there was no attempt to treat England and Ireland as equal in a union of crowns, and Derricke’s Image shows the Gaelic Irish as rebellious, uncouth and uncivilised: potential, if not actual, traitors and far from equal subjects. The Gaelic Irish were a ‘reprobate nation’. 17 Tudor state

in John Derricke’s The Image of Irelande: with a Discoverie of Woodkarne
Abstract only
The scattered Irish
Patrick O’Leary

Montgomery, who succeeded Lawrence as Punjab lieut.-governor, in consciously taking the same severe approach with mutineers as their ancestors did with Catholic, Gaelic Irish. James continues by quoting Sir William Kaye’s statement that these men were ‘familiar with the stirring watch-words of Derry: “No Surrender” ’. 50 Lawrence’s biographer, Charles Aitcheson, wrote, ‘the blood of

in Servants of the empire
Earl of Rosse and Alison Countess of Rosse

captioned: ‘An Exclent [sic] Receipt to Spend 4000 pound’. It shows how the old gate tower, and flanking towers built on by the first Sir Laurence, had been gentrified into a large, Dutch-style building with gabled attic windows, a balcony, and a terraced garden running down towards the town, the river flowing alongside (Figure 1.2). With the death of Charles II and the ascent to the throne of his Catholic brother, James, trouble again came to Ireland. It became once again a time for the old order of the Gaelic Irish to try to re-assert their power. Sir Laurence had

in William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse
The Silence in the Garden
Derek Hand

come to a bay known as Elador’s Bay, called after one of the first Rollestons (15). Gaelic Ireland has been translated into English, and the Rolleston name firmly links the family to the location. In the opening pages the reader is confusedly bombarded with names: place names, proper names and nicknames of the people who live and work in the house. In the modern world words are prone to slide and fragment even as something solid and fixed is being sought. As a consequence, the reader is compelled from this moment on to connect people and names to subsequent events

in William Trevor
Jason Harris

, setting aside questions of Gaelic unity, a further problem was the mixed ethnic make-up of Irish Catholicism. Even if the Gaelic Irish could be relied upon to support a mission to Scotland, it is not clear why • the irish franciscan mission to the highlands and islands • 207 the Old English should share their interest. In Ulster, geographical proximity provided a strong argument for fostering Catholicism in western Scotland, which might then provide a refuge from persecution; but the wealthy towns in the south had no such incentive. Because of the limited resources

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
Amy C. Mulligan

particular. A central mechanism, exhibited in Gerald’s works as well, situates key places in Ireland, but ensures that the Gaelic Irish themselves have no agency, cannot maintain control and are unable to manage the landscape; rather, Ireland and Irish purgatorial spaces are offered to those who are aligned with and act on behalf of Christian Europe, especially England, in its many forms. Here these lessons are worked out in terms of the Church and reform rather than in the more explicit terms of

in A landscape of words
Two tales of 1861–2
W. J. McCormack

(1633), the editing of which was to constitute in 1896 Standish James O’Grady’s most striking contribution to the Irish literary revival. Stafford had been an obscure traveller and soldier who, inheriting certain papers from the archives of the Elizabethan commander Sir George Carew, had assembled a vivid account of the war in Munster and the final destruction of Gaelic Ireland

in Dissolute characters
Mary Pierse

1960s, the subsequent life in Denmark and then home revisited twenty years later. The contrasting attitudes of time and in place are obvious in pregnant Polly’s flight from home when faced with the uncontrolled rage of her parents whose stance Ní Dhuibhne links to their romantic ideas of a pure Gaelic Ireland. When she gets a job abroad three years later, Polly is relieved that ‘nobody cared whether or not you were a single mother in Denmark’. More than that ‘All the talk was of feminism and women’s rights and the country was packed with creches and kindergartens

in From prosperity to austerity
The Provisional IRA and Sunningdale
Henry Patterson

Sinn Féin as a form of democratic socialism distinct from Western capitalism and Soviet-style socialism. Like the Irish socialist martyr James Connolly, it looked back to the Brehon laws for Gaelic Ireland for an indigenous tradition of communal property which was not to be updated into worker co-operatives in manufacturing, agriculture and fishing (White, 2006: 165). Having established their economic and social differences with the allegedly ‘Marxist’ Officials, the Provisionals advocated a form of federal government for Ireland with four provincial parliaments

in Sunningdale, the Ulster Workers’ Council strike and the struggle for democracy in Northern Ireland