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The key to autonomy
Nigel D. White

. 35 Ibid. 36 Ibid. 1004. 37 Ibid. 1005. 38 Ibid. 1006. 39 Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in an Armed Conflict , Advisory Opinion (1996) ICJ Rep 66. 40 Guzman n. 34 at 1024. 41 Article 65 Statute of the International Court of Justice 1945. 42 N.D. White, ‘Layers of Autonomy in the UN System’ in R. Collins and N.D. White (eds), International Organizations and the Idea of Autonomy (Routledge 2011) 298. 43 D.J. Bederman, ‘The Souls of International Organizations: Legal Personality and the Lighthouse at Cape Spartel

in The law of international organisations (third edition)
A twenty-first century trial?
Dominic McGoldrick

jurisdictional issue by seeking an opinion from the highest judicial body of the UN, the International Court of Justice, which is also located in The Hague. They also put the arguments of bias and partiality, submitting that from Milosevic’s perspective the ICTY was incapable of giving him a fair trial and faced unacceptable levels of pressure from external sources. An example of partiality was the court’s order forbidding him from giving media interviews, while the prosecution faced no such restriction.45 The amici also argued that trying Milosevic for actions as a head of

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
When the talking stops
Carole Gomez

point Boycotts have a long heritage, having existed since Antiquity.12 The eponymous, if possibly apocryphal, tale of Charles Cunningham Boycott being forced to leave Ireland in the late nineteenth century speaks to the resonance that the lexicon ‘boycott’ has in the contemporary world. Equally, writing in 1933 in the British Year Book of International Law, Hersch Lauterpacht, who would go on to be knighted in 1956 while serving as a Justice in the International Court of Justice, noted that boycotts were ‘not a new phenomenon in international life’, having been

in Sport and diplomacy
Lessons from the Asia-Pacific
Evangelos Fanoulis

Human Security. www.gdrc.org/sustdev/husec/Definitions.pdf, accessed online 15 March 2015. Human Security Study Group. (2007). A European Way of Security: The Madrid Report of the Human Security Study Group Comprising a Proposal and Background Report. Madrid. Jacobs, Rebecca. (2005). “Treading Deep Waters: Substantive Law Issues in Tuvalu’s Threat to Sue the United States in the International Court of Justice”, Pacific Rim Law & Policy Journal 14. Jupille, Joseph, and James Caporaso. (1998). “States, Agency and Rules: The European Union in Global Environmental

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
Regina E. Rauxloh

with the International Court of Justice. The Special Court of Sierra Leone is more known for the appearance of Naomi Campbell in the witness stand than for the historical trial of the Liberian President. The result is that some of the most important criminal trials in history are held with very little knowledge or interest from the international public. An outreach programme is placed at the Court, which 70 70 Perception shaped by other means aims to increase information and communication but it is targeted only at the population affected by the crimes rather

in Law in popular belief
Joshua Castellino

Convention, it may bring the matter to the attention of the Committee.’ There is also provision for reference to the International Court of Justice (Article 22), recently given effect in the Georgian referral to the ICJ over the Russian incursion in South Ossetia. See further: Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v.  Russian Federation), Preliminary Objections, Judgment, ICJ Reports (2011), p. 70. 20 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid, UN GAOR 3068

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
The boundary commission at work
Lucy P. Chester

led Pakistan’s delegation to the UN, where he argued Pakistan’s case for Kashmir and supported Arab claims in Palestine. He was a judge on the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at the Hague from 1954 to 1961 and from 1964 to 1973, with an interlude to preside over the UN General Assembly in 1962. From 1970 to 1973 he was president of the ICJ. 24 Zafrullah therefore provided high-powered leadership

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North Africa
Konstantina Isidoros

many ways, one does not have to be physically there for locals to create the camp population as a discursive global. The range of glocal actors in the Sahrawi case is colossal, from institutions such as the International Court of Justice (ICJ) meeting in 1974 to determine the Sahrawi right to self-determination, to international lawyers and jurists (Botha et al., 2010 ), UN and UNHCR to international aid agencies, and NGOs to small disparate humanitarian groups and occasional academic researchers. While both (foreigner and refugee) encounter each other in mutual

in Displacement
Thomas S. Wilkins

activities in waters of the Southern Ocean (a portion of which are claimed by Australia as territorial waters). Australia took Japan to the International Court of Justice over breaches of international law regarding its illegal harvesting of whales in the name of ‘research’. Australia won the case, and Japan has been forced to desist from these activities. However, recent news suggests that Japan is actively seeking ways to challenge or circumvent the ban, and this has become an emotive issue between environmental protectionists, on the one side, and Japanese nationalists

in Japan's new security partnerships
Jürgen Habermas and the European left
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

had the vision of constructing a fully-fledged legal framework to protect people from the violence of states. He hoped to realise this vision by extending the reach of global remedies, granting the International Court of Justice compulsory jurisdiction, sharpening the definition of humanitarian crimes, reforming the Security Council, constructing a UN army, and so forth. He acknowledged that this cosmopolitan vision was far from an accomplished fact

in Antisemitism and the left