36 Ibid. 1004.
37 Ibid. 1005.
38 Ibid. 1006.
39 Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in an Armed Conflict , Advisory Opinion (1996) ICJ Rep 66.
40 Guzman n. 34 at 1024.
41 Article 65 Statute of the InternationalCourtofJustice 1945.
42 N.D. White, ‘Layers of Autonomy in the UN System’ in R. Collins and N.D. White (eds), International Organizations and the Idea of Autonomy (Routledge 2011) 298.
43 D.J. Bederman, ‘The Souls of International Organizations: Legal Personality and the Lighthouse at Cape Spartel
jurisdictional issue by seeking an opinion from the highest judicial body of
the UN, the InternationalCourtofJustice, which is also located in The Hague.
They also put the arguments of bias and partiality, submitting that from
Milosevic’s perspective the ICTY was incapable of giving him a fair trial and
faced unacceptable levels of pressure from external sources. An example of
partiality was the court’s order forbidding him from giving media interviews,
while the prosecution faced no such restriction.45 The amici also argued that
trying Milosevic for actions as a head of
Boycotts have a long heritage, having existed since Antiquity.12 The eponymous, if possibly apocryphal, tale of Charles Cunningham Boycott being forced to leave Ireland in
the late nineteenth century speaks to the resonance that the lexicon ‘boycott’ has in the
contemporary world. Equally, writing in 1933 in the British Year Book of International
Law, Hersch Lauterpacht, who would go on to be knighted in 1956 while serving as
a Justice in the InternationalCourtofJustice, noted that boycotts were ‘not a new
phenomenon in international life’, having been
www.gdrc.org/sustdev/husec/Definitions.pdf, accessed online 15 March 2015.
Human Security Study Group. (2007). A European Way of Security: The Madrid
Report of the Human Security Study Group Comprising a Proposal and Background Report. Madrid.
Jacobs, Rebecca. (2005). “Treading Deep Waters: Substantive Law Issues in Tuvalu’s
Threat to Sue the United States in the InternationalCourtofJustice”, Pacific
Rim Law & Policy Journal 14.
Jupille, Joseph, and James Caporaso. (1998). “States, Agency and Rules: The European Union in Global Environmental
with the InternationalCourtofJustice. The Special Court of Sierra Leone is more known for the appearance of Naomi Campbell in the witness stand than for the historical trial of
the Liberian President. The result is that some of the most important criminal trials in history are held with very little knowledge or interest from the
international public. An outreach programme is placed at the Court, which
Perception shaped by other means
aims to increase information and communication but it is targeted only at
the population affected by the crimes rather
Convention, it may bring the matter to the attention of the Committee.’ There is also provision for reference to the InternationalCourtofJustice (Article 22), recently given effect in the Georgian referral to the
ICJ over the Russian incursion in South Ossetia. See further: Application of the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
(Georgia v. Russian Federation), Preliminary Objections, Judgment, ICJ Reports
(2011), p. 70.
20 International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of
Apartheid, UN GAOR 3068
led Pakistan’s delegation
to the UN, where he argued Pakistan’s case for Kashmir and
supported Arab claims in Palestine. He was a judge on the InternationalCourtofJustice (ICJ) at the Hague from 1954 to 1961 and from 1964 to
1973, with an interlude to preside over the UN General Assembly in 1962.
From 1970 to 1973 he was president of the ICJ. 24
Zafrullah therefore provided high-powered leadership
Coinciding locales of refuge among Sahrawi refugees in North
many ways, one does not have to be physically there for locals to create the camp population as a discursive global. The range of glocal actors in the Sahrawi case is colossal, from institutions such as the InternationalCourtofJustice (ICJ) meeting in 1974 to determine the Sahrawi right to self-determination, to international lawyers and jurists (Botha et al., 2010 ), UN and UNHCR to international aid agencies, and NGOs to small disparate humanitarian groups and occasional academic researchers. While both (foreigner and refugee) encounter each other in mutual
activities in waters of the Southern Ocean (a portion of which are claimed by Australia as territorial waters). Australia took Japan to the InternationalCourtofJustice over breaches of international law regarding its illegal harvesting of whales in the name of ‘research’. Australia won the case, and Japan has been forced to desist from these activities. However, recent news suggests that Japan is actively seeking ways to challenge or circumvent the ban, and this has become an emotive issue between environmental protectionists, on the one side, and Japanese nationalists
had the vision of constructing a fully-fledged legal
framework to protect people from the violence of states. He hoped to realise this
vision by extending
the reach of global remedies, granting the InternationalCourtofJustice
compulsory jurisdiction, sharpening the definition of humanitarian crimes,
reforming the Security Council, constructing a UN army, and so forth. He
acknowledged that this cosmopolitan vision was far from an accomplished fact