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Heikki Patomäki

the basics of the critical realist alternative, see Heikki Patomäki, ‘How to Tell Better Stories About World Politics’, European Journal of International Relations , vol. 2, no. 1 (1996); and Heikki Patomäki and Colin Wight, ‘After Post-Positivism: The Promise of Critical Realism’, International Studies Quarterly , vol. 44, no. 2 (June 2000

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
From Madonna to Ally McBeal
Geraldine Harris

Friends in the North, which Nelson uses to exemplify progressive critical realism in television drama (see Chapter 1). Both dramas follow a small group of protagonists over several decades, interweaving the historical, the personal and the political, with Our Friends focusing on socialism and Big Women representing key moments and debates in the recent history of feminism. However, whereas Our Friends was critical of British socialism but supportive M410 HARRIS TEXT.qxd 20/7/06 11:35 AM Page 51 Phil's G4 Phil's G4:Users:phil:Public The end(s) of feminism(s)? 51

in Beyond representation
Rosemary O’Day

knowledge and people-centredness. Both had a great respect and love for archival research as well as an encyclopaedic knowledge of published sources.99 Although neither man was prone to discuss the philosophy of history or his own theoretical perspective on the writing of history, both would have sympathized with a post-positivist, critical-realist viewpoint: One of the most common forms of post-positivism is a philosophy called critical realism. A critical realist believes that there is a reality independent of our thinking about it that science can study. (This is in

in The Debate on the English Reformation
Brett Bowles

André Antoine, it dramatised the struggles of peasants, fishermen, and artisans by drawing on a range of literary and painting styles, from the lyrical romanticism of Victor Hugo, Alphonse Lamartine, and Jean-François Millet to the socially critical realism of Emile Zola, Pierre Loti, and Gustave Courbet. Whereas Poirier and Baroncelli worked primarily in the former mode, and Mercanton in the latter, Antoine successfully

in Marcel Pagnol
Steven Griggs and David Howarth

– and how they are engaged with by social actors – depends on their position within particular symbolic frameworks. Poststructuralist policy analysis thus rejects essentialist accounts of policy-making which assume that objects, human subjects or social formations have underlying and fixed essences (evident, for example, in the economic determinism and class reductionism of explanations of social and political change in Marxism, and in some versions of critical realism). By contrast, it assumes that ‘social, AirportExpansion.indb 18 4/15/2013 10:09:21 PM Discourse

in The politics of airport expansion in the United Kingdom
Open Access (free)
Disability in working-class coalfields literature
Kirsti Bohata, Alexandra Jones, Mike Mantin, and Steven Thompson

literature is to act as a nexus via which a range of different forces – economic, social, political, medical – are brought into contact or revealed to underpin the wider social and economic ‘disqualification’ of the industrial working class.32 Writing about nineteenth-century ‘critical realism’,33 Georg Lukács identifies the importance of a ‘typical’ character, a ‘type’ that interacts with different forces within the text: The ‘centre’ figure need not represent an ‘average man’ but is rather the product of a particular social and personal environment. The problem is to

in Disability in industrial Britain
The Specificity of the Aesthetic/Die Eigenart des Ästhetischen
Ian Aitken

‘problematic’ contemporary bourgeois realism of Thomas Mann and others; and, that, as socialist realism develops, bourgeois critical realism ‘will wither away’ (Lukács, 1963 : 114). This normative and dismissive approach is also applied to modernism in the chapter in The Meaning of Contemporary Realism entitled ‘The Ideology of Modernism’. Here, Lukács argues that artistic form should

in Lukácsian film theory and cinema
Paul Blackledge

. Creaven Critical Realism and Marxism (London, 2000), p. 75. 310 Wickham ‘The Uniqueness of the East’, p. 44. 311 Brenner ‘Economic Backwardness in Eastern Europe’, p. 19.

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history