women presidents of the NUT were Miss I. Cleghorn, MA (1911), Miss E. R. Conway CBE (1918) and Miss J. F. Wood MA (1920) (NUT Annual Report, 1929, Warwick Modern Records).
13 She became an MP again in the 1945 Labour landslide and served in Attlee’s government.
14 For attitudes towards black performers among London’s intelligentsia, see Bush 1999 : 211–14. See also Evans 2019 : 165–7.
15 Bush 1999 : 215.
16 Marson 1933 .
17 Marson’s journalism in the magazine that she founded and edited in Jamaica, the Cosmopolitan , shows a desire for ‘cross-empire
p. 30. For the wider context of Chinese labour within the Empire,
see Rachel Bright, ‘Asian Migration and the British World,
c . 1850– c . 1914’, in Kent Fedorowich
and Andrew S. Thompson (eds), Empire, Migration and Identity in
the British World (Manchester: Manchester University Press,
2013), pp. 128–49.
., Organised EmpireMigration and Settlement. A Retrospect of Salvation Army Work for the Empire and its
Citizens by a Privileged Observer (London, The Salvation Army, Migration House,
1930); David Lamb, Boys of Britain
(London, The Salvation Army, Emigration–Colonization and Shipping Office, 1923) and General Booth’s Scheme for Boys
(London, The Salvation Army, International Headquarters, 1925); and Marjory Harper,
‘ Emigration and the Salvation
Army ’, Bulletin of the Scottish Institute of Missionary
1968 ), p. 10.
Sim, ‘ Clandonald ’, appendix (n.p.), notes from MacDonell’s undated typescript;
NRAS 1883, Skene, Edwards & Garson papers, MacDonell’s undated memorandum to
Wayne Norton, Help Us
to a Better Land. Crofter Colonies in the Prairie West (Regina, Canadian Plains
Research Center, 1994 ). Further information
on Killarney and Saltcoats was kindly provided by Dr Domhnall Uilleam Stiùbhart.
European elements in daily life. This was paralleled
by the presence of strong Afro-Caribbean musical influences within
• empire and history writing in britain •
UK popular music since the 1960s and the success of fusions of
bhangra, rock and hip-hop music in the 1980s and 1990s. These
were rooted in historical connections between empire, migration
to post-war Britain and encounters between different musical
agendas. The late twentieth century saw the spread on UK high
streets of curry houses established by migrants from
the unity of the British
Empire through comradeship, individual service, meetings, empire films,
trade, school and university education and empiremigration.47
The Ulster Branch of the Overseas League was established in 1926,
and it played a central role in strengthening links between Northern
Ireland and the Empire in ways which have never been fully appreciated.
Its formal occasions were sometimes places where major policy statements were made and where they were assured of wide publicity. The
Ulster Group at the headquarters of the Overseas League was established