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Ian Goodyer

, they also had an obvious and direct influence on socialists’ view of the role played by workers in effecting social change. Communists and Trotskyists alike claimed that the preponderance of nationalised property in Russia was the key determinant in defining the nation’s social character. Inevitably this implied a shift in focus, away from the working class and towards the state and other bureaucratic structures. So, when a Stalinist economic and social model was imposed throughout eastern Europe following the Second World War it became difficult, even for Stalinism

in Crisis music
Abstract only
Ian Goodyer

celebration of the vitality and creativity of ‘subaltern’ cultures. Resistance to apartheid, within and beyond South Africa, encouraged the kind of cross-cultural solidarity that helped to generate an international audience for acts like Ladysmith Black Mambazo, and Mahlathini and the Mahotella Queens, who performed music derived from styles popular in South African townships.7 Meanwhile, eminent exiles from apartheid, such as jazz trumpeter Hugh Masekela and singer Miriam Makeba, built successful careers in Europe and America, often playing at anti-apartheid events

in Crisis music
Abstract only
Sarah Glynn

socio-economic struggle. Divisions that cut across and hinder that socio-economic struggle also hinder the struggle against racism and discrimination. Although multicultural politics is generally associated with post-colonial immigration, the issues it attempts to address are much older. In searching for the evolution of Marxist ideas about such issues, it is helpful to look at the responses of the early Marxist theorists to the juxtaposition of different national and ethnic groups within European nations and within the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires. Of

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Heike Wieters

Egypt. 10 The incentives extended were of definite interest to CARE which was actively searching for new horizons in Asia and the Middle East now that European recovery had been successfully addressed. CARE had only recently acquired a very good reputation within certain government circles for its engagement in a Christmas package program called Operation Reindeer, which had been initiated by President

in The NGO CARE and food aid From America, 1945–80
Open Access (free)
Kinneret Lahad

winding up, the concluding section of this introduction lays out some of the methodological considerations and the social context for of this project. The context for this study Israel presents a fascinating case study that can help deepen our understanding of singlehood and temporality, particularly due to what has been termed as the traditionalism–modernism paradox of contemporary Israeli society (Bystrov 2012). On the one hand, Israel has undergone dramatic transitions in family life. In common with many European and American societies, the country has been affected

in A table for one
Georgina Blakeley and Brendan Evans

evident in Blair’s commitment to benefiting ‘the many not the few’. Yet simultaneously it accepted that the private sector was the means to create wealth and that central and local government should co-­operate with business. Furthermore, New Labour’s conception of the public services was that they required reform and should provide value for money. While New Labour ministers referred to modernisation rather than to post-­modernism, they evinced the post-­modernist idea that the boundaries between public and private had blurred to the point where partnership politics

in The regeneration of east Manchester
The imaginary in the aesthetic of cinema
Bruce Kapferer

overall thesis is that 2001 is a development within and an expression of the cosmological and ontological orientations of contemporary European and American cum globalising thought. These are taking form in the context of spectacular scientific and technological achievements and in what appear to be significant political and economic shifts. The split from an archaic religion-dominated metaphysics has reached new intensities of a human-centred (often highly individualist) secularism that is taking what is frequently described as a ‘post-human’ direction. Nietzsche

in Framing cosmologies
Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

could more successfully unite. The rise of the atheistic Soviet Union to superpower status, fears regarding the spread of Communism across Europe and divisions which had opened up within the Irish labour movement prompted a wave of Catholic adult education initiatives with trade unionists as their primary initial target audience. To provide such education new institutions with a social science focus –​the Catholic Workers’ College and the Dublin Institute of Catholic Sociology –​were created alongside the colleges of the National University of Ireland. The failure of

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
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The public meanings of emigration and the shaping of emigrant selves in post- war Ireland, 1945– 1969
Barry Hazley

Emigration has been for years and years a severed artery from which this nation is slowly but surely bleeding to death. 1 Mythologies of exit in modern Ireland National imaginaries are not only constructed in relation to external rivals and incoming aliens; they are also fashioned through the ‘politics of exit’, in relation to the outgoing departee. 2 Nowhere was this more apparent than in nineteenth-century Ireland, where, against a backdrop of mass departure unparalleled in modern Europe, the emigrant was mobilised as a metaphor for national

in Life history and the Irish migrant experience in post-war England
Staging spectacles in changing cities
Maurice Roche

pioneer of modernism and functionalism in twentieth-century architecture, designed the temporary German pavilion at the 1929 Barcelona Expo. This was later re-created in 1986 as a permanent structure on the same site to memorialise the original creation. The architect Minoru Yamasaki is perhaps most known for having designed the original and iconic ‘Twin Towers’ World Trade Center buildings in New York city in 1970–71. As we know, the iconicity of these towers attracted the Al Qaeda Islamic jihadist group to target and destroy them in a major terrorist strike in 2001

in Mega-events and social change