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Settler pasts and racial identities in the Garment Workers’ Union, 1938-52
Leslie Witz

imperialism associated with monopoly capitalism was destroyed. 17 This found resonance in the plays written by GWU members in which the poverty of the Afrikaner was depicted as the outcome of class oppression, with wealthy Afrikaners sometimes portrayed as the oppressors. Such an approach was anathema to the emergent Afrikaner Nationalist movement, which, through its newspapers, like Die Vaderland , accused Sachs of ‘spreading poisonous teaching among our workers, destroying our spiritual values and uprooting the South

in Rethinking settler colonialism
The Philippines and its inhabitants in the travel accounts of Carl Semper (1869) and Fedor Jagor (1873)
Hidde van der Wall

’ explicitly. 10 Syed Alatas accuses Jagor of having promulgated the ‘myth of the lazy native’, the discourse which, he argues, justified ‘colonial capitalism’. 11 Jagor, like Semper, did indeed cast Philippine natives as lazy and lacking in morality and discipline; few commentators of the period avoided such racialised language. 12 But, as the following analysis shows, Jagor made important alterations to the myth by blaming indolence to a large

in Savage worlds
English cricket and decolonisation
Mike Cronin and Richard Holt

decolonisation was psychological rather than economic’. 18 The City of London, it is clear, was able to transform itself from a structure that relied on the certainties of gentlemanly capitalism. The links between the City and the MCC were close. Many leading merchants and brokers were members of the MCC, but unlike the City of London, the gentlemanly administrators of the MCC found it harder to dominate

in British culture and the end of empire
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The culture of free trade versus the culture of anti-slavery in Britain and the British Caribbean, 1840–50
Philip Harling

–18. 2 See esp. Eric Williams, Capitalism and Slavery (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons edn, 1966), chs 8–9; Anthony Howe, Free Trade and Liberal England, 1846–1946 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch. 2. 3 Sidney Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place

in The cultural construction of the British world
Neville Kirk

than challenging capitalism. Notwithstanding the agitational vitality of the Left, mainstream labour, especially in Britain, was for the most part under the effective control of moderate and pragmatic trade union leaders. The latter were less concerned to mount all-out offensives against employers than to restore their pre-Depression strength, standing and membership levels. This was particularly the case in Britain, where industrial militancy fell away and ‘the only two large-scale strikes of the thirties resulted in

in Labour and the politics of Empire
The remaking of imperial Paris
Claire Hancock

not only opened up to capitalism and trade; it was also redesigned to glorify the imperial regime. As the landscape of the city was being reshaped, inroads were being made into what was felt by many citizens to be the irrepressible identity of Paris, the capital of the Revolution and therefore of the people. ‘Imperial Paris’ became a highly contested notion as those with conflicting political ideals fought for symbolic ownership of urban space and representation. The development of the tourist trade produced

in Imperial cities
Abolition from ship to shore
Robert Burroughs

. A scholarly reassessment of the long-running coercive crusade against the trafficking of enslaved Africans to the Americas is overdue. In the years since Eric Williams’s Capitalism and Slavery (1944) fundamentally challenged self-satisfied and complacent histories of Britain’s anti-slavery movement, and ignited scholarly inquiry into the slave trade and slavery in the Atlantic world, slave

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
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Giordano Nanni

sense of time, there could be only a limited degree of communication and exchange of commodities in the rapidly-expanding networks of capitalism and Christianity – no synchronisation of labour rhythms and meshing of industrial timetables; no sense of uniting all the world’s peoples under one God. At the most fundamental level, therefore, time was both a tool and a channel for the incorporation of human

in The colonisation of time
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Frances Steel

port were attacked as part of a broader social project to domesticate the image of seafarers in national and imperial life. Broader realignments in cultural notions of masculine respectability and responsibility – as well as their limits – can be charted through maritime labour history. The rise of modern managerial capitalism in shipping, with its rule books and regulations, also placed considerable

in Oceania under steam
Carol Polsgrove

‘Turn the imperialist war into civil war’, James urged the readers of World Revolution. ‘Abolish capitalism. Build international Socialism.’ 26 Padmore mirrored James’s views in his own book published the same year by Secker and Warburg: Africa and World Peace. If war was caused by capitalists competing with each other for markets, resources, and targets of

in Ending British rule in Africa