hagiography: an anthology .
Suetonius, Lives of the Caesars ; Einhard,
The life of Charlemagne ; and The life of Emperor Henry
IV . See also Charlemagne and LouisthePious: the lives
by Einhard, Notker, Ermoldus, Thegan, and the
Paganism, infidelity and biblical punishment in the Capitulatio de partibus Saxoniae
to establish, whether the transgressor was perchance led to consume
meat out of necessity’.104 Chapter 34 orders every Saxon count to uphold justice in his area of jurisdiction, ‘and the sacerdotes should take care, that he [i.e.
the count] does not do otherwise’.105 Arguably the most elaborate statement of
See M. de Jong, The Penitential State. Authority and Atonement in the Age of LouisthePious, 814–840 (Cambridge, 2009), pp. 114–15.
Boniface, Ep. 78, ed. M. Tangl, Die Briefe des heiligen Bonifatius and Lullus, MGH
Epp. sel. 1, p. 166.
Scholarly practices of religious Franks in the margin unveiled
two hands working closely together, which is a feature of both
the Priscian manuscript (Paris, BnF, lat. 7496) and the manuscript of Lupus’s
correspondence (Paris, BnF, lat. 2858), can be matched with numerous other
examples from marginal annotation practices. Florus, deacon of Lyon in the
turbulent times of the mid-ninth century when Agobard was banned and
Amalarius appointed by LouisthePious, has been shown to have run the
copying processes of his scriptorium with a strict hand.27 He directed, supervised and corrected the work of his scribes with a minute
of Lombards and
resulted in all resident monks fleeing to Rome, where they found refuge with
the papacy. According to Paul the Deacon, writing over two centuries after the
event, the fleeing monks had the presence of mind to take the most important Benedictine items with them, including a copy of the Rule of Benedict,
some other writings, and measures of bread and wine and other utensils.4
See especially M. de Jong, The Penitential State. Authority and Atonement in the Age
of LouisthePious, 814–840 (Cambridge, 2009); M. de Jong, ‘Charlemagne’s Church’,
expansion’, in P. Godman and R. Collins (eds),
Charlemagne’s Heir: New Perspectives on the Reign of
LouisthePious (Oxford, 1990), pp. 391–405.
J. L. Nelson, ‘Aachen as a place of
power’, in M. de Jong, F. Theuws and C. van Rhijn (eds),
Topographies of Power in the Early Middle Ages (Leiden
The impact of political climate and historiographical tradition on writing their ninth-century history
long (though not
unbroken) succession of Breton kings. For d’Argentré,
Nominoë was the man who recovered Breton liberty from the Emperor
Louis’s ‘oppression’; he was the ultimate warrior
hero, ‘bruslant et ruinant le pays’, paying back the
French for everything Charlemagne and LouisthePious had done to
Brittany, and chasing them far to the east of the March, incorporating
LouisthePious for the restoration of his freedom and his
patrimony in Aquitaine, proving that Lambert ‘was living
with the consequences of his father’s actions well into
his sixties’. Kosto, ‘Hostages in the Carolingian
received his brother with his accustomed mercy, after he had come to him
and cast aside his arms. 69 For Otto forgave everything which his brother had
done against him, and kept him at his side in brotherly love.
However, even though all the Lotharingians had been subdued, the bishop
of Metz tried to hold out for a time. 70 Otto destroyed the chapel of
the the lord emperor LouisthePious at the estate of Thionville, which
and mother of LouisthePious;
Rothaide and Adelaide, sisters of Charlemagne and daughters of
Pepin III (the Short) and Bertrade; and Adelaide and Hildegarde,
daughters of Charlemagne and Hildegarde. Although male members
of the family were interred at multiple locations, women populated
Negotiated devotions and performed histories
and ‘branded’ this emerging necropolis. More specifically, St-Arnoul
was developed as a dynastic burial site through ceremonies that
commemorated these physical remains of female royalty. Practices
centred on royal women linked
Louis ‘thePious’, emperor
‘Bonizo actually knew no better than to
say that LouisthePious [rather than Charlemagne] was the first
emperor of the Frankish race’: E. Perels (1931) pp.
363–79. His misconception was shared by other authors: e.g.