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The life of the adult activist
Thomas Linehan

‘joiners’, including intellectual stimulation, a sense of purposefulness and direction, and feelings of comradeship that often developed into deep and enduring friendships. Equally, though, the communist life, with its demands, exhausting schedules and centrally imposed disciplines, to which we should add the ever-present hazard of persecution and victimisation, alienated others. During the interwar period, for reasons that often stemmed from these factors, the CPGB haemorrhaged members at a rate which troubled Party strategists. ‘Bolshevisation’, therefore, apart from

in Communism in Britain 1920–39
Communist couples and red families
Thomas Linehan

single communist personality? way, with both partners in the Party, promised a singularity of outlook and purpose and thus greater efficiency of performance in terms of political activity. The communist life brought unusually heavy pressures, not least the seemingly insatiable demands of Party work and the ever-present threat of censure from a hostile employer or a reproachful neighbour.8 A politically homogeneous marriage constructed on the basis of husband and wife having a shared communist outlook offered comradeship and mutual help within the relationship which

in Communism in Britain 1920–39
Hugh Cunningham

formulated and asserted in the pub or in sport or in a hobby.59 However alienating it might be in many respects, work gave many men a sense of who they were, an identity which they could be proud of and comradeship. Some workers – it is impossible even to estimate the proportion – had taken to heart the idea that had taken root by the 1830s, that, in contrast to the leisure preference eighteenth century, English workers worked harder than anyone else. As the Mechanics Magazine put it in 1860, ‘There is no doubt whatever that the people of England work harder, mentally and

in Time, work and leisure
Celia Hughes

sort of development of my identity, but for me it wasn’t like a conversion; it didn’t feel like a rupture.38 Moments of self-awareness could feel profoundly revelatory as well as heightening bonds of comradeship which members sensed growing between them. The clarity of Martin’s memory signalled the moment’s significance as a staging-post in his political and intellectual life; inside the Society he was reframing his Christian morality within a humanistic Marxism and re-evaluating the sort of political actions he thought appropriate to achieving change. He rejected

in Young lives on the Left
Emma Liggins

the political futility of the voteless reformer, I joined the nearest suffrage society’ ( p. 129). The suffragette writer’s reformulation of the female self ‘in opposi­ tion to the political expectations of family, friends and state’57 can be achieved only by treading very carefully around the potentially dangerous excesses of female comradeship. Notwithstanding Joannou’s argument that heterosexuality is not challenged explicitly, but only in the ‘warmth of their friendships and commitment to other women’,58 female friendship is typically given less narrative space

in Odd women?
Alexander Cárdenas and Sibylle Lang

improving multinational cooperation in international PSOs. Sport can contribute to supporting the generation of meaningful social relations and serve as a platform for learning about each other. At the same time, sport can act as an integrative force, thus allowing for cross-cultural unifying situations, which have spillover possibilities to the professional military cooperation arena. Although sport cannot substitute a long common socialisation, under carefully planned circumstances it may create a sense of comradeship and belonging, thus reinforcing mutual confidence

in Sport and diplomacy
Britishness and the volunteers
Rachelle Hope Saltzman

; this was no rough game organized by street hooligans. According to the Illustrated London News, ‘There cannot be much wrong with a country where the love of sport and the sense of comradeship could thus make itself felt at such a time. Civil strife among a people so constituted would seem to be almost unthinkable’ (‘Impressions of Life During the General Strike’, 1926: 854). British and foreign correspondents commented repeatedly on the meaning to be drawn from ‘the now historic [football] match at Plymouth between strikers and police which has provided a seven days

in A lark for the sake of their country
Abstract only
Why queer(y) citizenship?
Zalfa Feghali

even erased altogether by the lived experiences of First People’.3 In this way, the story negates a view of citizenship and national identity as contingent on conceptions of the ‘fraternity’ that emerges from the policing of national borders, or, the ‘deep, horizontal comradeship’ critiqued by political scientist Benedict Anderson in his iconic work on imagined communities.4 This kind of fraternity, Anderson would have it, is rooted in an understanding of nationhood and community that ignores and takes part in the ongoing erasures and elisions of peoples and

in Crossing borders and queering citizenship
Global days of action and photographs of resistance
Antigoni Memou

and space for the effectuation of latent possibilities for another world. The participatory nature of the street party is inevitably lost in the photographic document. During the RTS street parties, the road became a stage for a participatory festival, in which no division between the performer and the audience existed. The experience is based on the spirit of face-to-face comradeship, avoiding any mediation. The medium of photography brings back the collapsed division between the performers and the viewers, but it keeps alive the pleasure emerging from collectivism

in Photography and social movements
Abstract only
W. J. McCormack

one victim of Bowen’s dialectical treatment of character, her double presentation of Kelway and Harrison as two and one. Her disaffection prevented her full incorporation of that myth of comradeship, yet it also stoked her determination to examine country and history as equally complex and unassimilable constructs, bit players only in the general failure of contemporary

in Dissolute characters