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Labour, the trade unions and 1969’s In Place of Strife
Author: Peter Dorey

This book examines the 1969 attempt by Harold Wilson’s Labour Government to enact legislation to reform industrial relations. There was a particular concern to curb strikes by the trade unions. Published in the 50th anniversary of this ill-fated episode, this scholarly study makes extensive use of primary sources, many of them previously unpublished, most notably the archives of the Labour Party, the left-wing Tribune Group, the TUC, and the personal papers of the three key political figures involved, namely Harold Wilson, Barbara Castle and James Callaghan. The chapters are organised both thematically and chronologically, each one focusing on a particular aspect of the events leading to the proposed Industrial Relations Bill, and its subsequent abandonment. The book commences with an examination of the key economic and industrial developments of the early 1960s, to indicate how the ‘trade union problem’ was initially identified and defined. This led the Labour Government, elected in 1964, to establish a Royal Commission to examine industrial relations, but its report, published in 1968, was a cautious document, and therefore a deep disappointment to Harold Wilson and his Employment Secretary, Barbara Castle. They thus pursued their own industrial relations legislation, via a White Paper called In Place of Strife, but were overwhelmed by the scale and strength of opposition this aroused, and which eventually compelled them to abandon the legislation via a humiliating climb-down.

Sandra Buchanan

Having discussed the difficulties associated with the role of social and economic development in transforming conflict, assessing the conflict driver role of social and economic development and the effects of conflict on such development presents its own difficulties. Despite the domination of an elite-level political discourse, there is no

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Leslie C. Green

General applicability of the law In the light of the preceding chapters it is possible to draw attention to what may be regarded as the basic rules and principles underlying the law of armed conflict on land, at sea or in the air. These rules and principles are applicable regardless of the legality or justness of the conflict, and even if

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

. Likewise, we believe these themes deserve more investigation in the service of peacebuilding, so we aim to begin that journey in this chapter. To date, practitioner self-care is underexplored in Peace and Conflict Studies, even though peacebuilders themselves could benefit immensely from further enquiry in this area, which could in turn strengthen the depth and quality of their work as facilitators for peace. Indeed, the research for this book has suggested that, through dance and creative movement, participants had an opportunity to experience themselves in a way that

in Dancing through the dissonance
Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley, and Catherine McGlynn

) This chapter explores post-conflict attitudes and behaviour of those former non-state combatants who have engaged in broader formations of social and political reconciliation and transformation through various post-prison and community initiatives. In so doing it examines how the influx of former prisoners into organisations such as Sinn Féin, the PUP and the UPRG has reshaped the political thinking of

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Historians and their personae in the Portuguese New State
António da Silva Rêgo

how to be a historian Chapter 7 Coalescence and conflict: historians and their personae in the Portuguese New State António da Silva Rêgo Introduction So far, the framework of scholarly personae has mostly been applied to centres of historical production such as nineteenth-century Germany and Britain. This chapter, by contrast, deals with a more peripheral case: the professionalization of history in early-twentieth-century Portugal, where the identity of the historian was as much a matter of concern as it had been in nineteenth-century Britain or Germany. In

in How to be a historian
P. J. McLoughlin

06_Hume_105-114 12/4/10 9:55 Page 105 6 Internationalising the conflict As well as addressing those directly involved in the Northern Ireland conflict, Hume’s 1979 Foreign Affairs article was written in order to appeal to the world beyond Britain and Ireland. This was evident merely in the fact that the paper appeared in a prestigious international journal, but also, more explicitly, in the piece’s frequent references to the ‘friends of Britain and Ireland’. In case these friends should miss their cue, copies of Hume’s paper were also posted out to a number

in John Hume and the revision of Irish nationalism
Britain’s changing strategy in Afghanistan
Aaron Edwards

8 Building peace amidst conflict: Britain’s changing strategy in Afghanistan It is a singular feature of small wars that from the point of view of strategy the regular forces are upon the whole at a distinct disadvantage as compared to their antagonists.1 Military . . . [s]trategy is particularly concerned with the political consequences and advantages of the threat and use of force; it gives meaning and context to all operational and tactical actions. Its purpose is to balance the ways and means required to achieve stipulated ends, conditioned by the

in Defending the realm?
The origins of the strike
Jim Phillips

2 Closures and workplace conflict: the origins of the strike The deep roots of the 1984–85 strike were located in the long process of industrial and social restructuring that was examined in the previous chapter. The pressures on Scottish miners arising from this, with increased managerial control in pursuit of cheaper production, intensified further in the early 1980s, and resulted in a sequence of pit-level disputes. These were the more immediate origins of the 1984–85 strike. Miners facing pit closures, and troubled by managerial incursions on established

in Collieries, communities and the miners’ strike in Scotland, 1984–85
Treatise writing in late Elizabethan Ireland, 1579–1594
David Heffernan

174 •  debating tudor policy in sixteenth-century ireland  • 4 • Complaint, reform and conflict: Treatise writing in late Elizabethan Ireland, 1579–1594 The years around the Desmond Rebellion witnessed many significant changes in Ireland. The religious overtones of the rebellions in Munster and in the heart of the Pale between 1579 and 1583 led to a growing animosity between the generally Catholic Old English and the predominantly Protestant arrivistes.1 There was also a marked acceleration in the pace at which the state was advancing into the provinces

in Debating Tudor policy in sixteenth-century Ireland