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Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

Most mainstream discourses on humanitarian security would not consider the community engagement of a team of anthropologists in three West African countries during the Ebola epidemic of 2014–16 as directly related to security – and their article in this special issue on ‘Security and Protection’ hardly touches on security as its own topic. Instead, it provides a detailed account of the need for a thorough understanding of social relationships when defining, and thus securing, humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

distance, engagement and containment. They must work with everyone, but be seen as close to no one in particular. Their ‘proximity’ to ‘the local’ must be ‘balanced’ – not tilting the perceived position of the organisation as a whole, or their own perceived alliances as individuals. Ann Stoler (2016 : 28) emphasises the need to explore the ‘messy, troubled spaces of ambiguous colonial lineages’, whereby the ‘configurations are different, as are the actors’, with a ‘displacement of certain elements and conversation of others’. In this case, the aims and actors have

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

many cases destroyed by Russian and Syrian government bombardment, MSF was at a loss as to how to respond, despite its brilliance in publicity. 5 An exception to this general rule about political engagement is Palestine, above all for Western European relief workers. But for so many young people in the EU, Palestine is the great international cause of their time, and as such, paradoxically, it also becomes a domestic issue for them.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

] budgets are modest, this model will likely produce sustainable and scalable engagements for beneficiaries, including vulnerable populations. From the JRF’s perspective, this offers a non-traditional yet lucrative revenue stream for achieving its core mission of empowering refugees and Jordanian women through skills building’ ( Malik et al. , 2018 : 2). The partnership commenced with product development activities in 2016, and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

assaults at the Terrain compound in South Sudan, described at length in Stoddard’s (2020) book, and attacks like them are indeed terrifying; however, the majority of GBV in the aid world, including much of the everyday abuse highlighted by testimonials on social media under the banner #AidToo, is far less sensational – and committed by aid workers themselves. Recent research on aid worker security has noted the lack of engagement with sexual violence, which Stoddard (2020 : 7

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

, drawing on their extensive experience as researchers and practitioners, also highlight the importance of challenging assumptions about sexual violence against men. They tackle ten common misconceptions, seeking to bring a more rigorous engagement with evidence and research in this area in ways which refuse to allow feminist analyses of conflict to be undermined or that risk ‘undermining hard-won gains in programming for women and girls’ (page 31). Together, the two pieces speak to the importance of reviewing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

solidarity with its victims. For a couple of decades it was successful in publicly challenging Western foreign policy in Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia ( Duffield, 2007 : 51–4). Having once exercised a moral leadership, however, after a long struggle against donor absorption and UN control, an international direct humanitarian engagement finally yielded amid the horrors of Iraq and Syria. The War on Terror imposed limitations. Compared to the 1970s and 1980s, humanitarian agencies found their political room for manoeuvre significantly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

potential for innovation to be transformative within the humanitarian system is best described as ‘structural’, including the historical method used to design and implement specific programme responses, often referred to as the ‘top-down’ approach. There is widespread recognition of the importance of community engagement across the sector, emphasised by Ban Ki-moon’s commitment to ensure humanitarian action will be ‘as local as possible and as international as necessary

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

regard. In the next section, I distinguish between architecture and innovation, pointing to the Ikea-funded Better Shelter as an example of innovation rather than architecture (or, as I will put it, ‘building without architecture’). In the third and final section, I return to Vienna, showing how architectural engagements cannot be reduced to simply building , and using this as an illustration of a more careful and sensitive approach that may have a great deal more potential

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

costs, or the criminalisation of NGOs involved in rescuing migrants. The latter began in the Central Mediterranean no later than the early 2000s with the prosecution of Enrico Tavolata for rescuing 151 migrants in 2002 and the arrest of Elias Bierdel, the captain of the Cap Anamur , in 2004 ( Klepp, 2011 : 261–88; Bierdel, 2006 ). What may be new is a ‘new model of humanitarian engagement’ ( Fiori, 2019 : 62) that cannot be easily coopted by nation-states and international organisations (see also Stierl, 2018 : 719–21). 25 And what is certainly new, I would like

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs