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The scholarly achievements of Sir James Ware
Mark Empey

litmus test for reciprocal admiration of ‘opposing’ groups was Ware’s relationship with key figures in Gaelic Ireland. The existence of these important nationwide contacts has already been established, but his association with the distinguished Gaelic scholar Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh from Sligo merits particular attention. After returning to Dublin following the collapse of the Cromwellian regime, Ware immediately immersed himself in Irish sources in an effort to complete various projects which had been interrupted during the Interregnum. 62 Cunningham and Gillespie

in Dublin
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T. M. Devine

Ireland. Instead, a variety of strategies were executed and partial expropriation of those clans which were considered to be especially delinquent was undertaken. The main victims were Clan Donald South, the Clan Leod of Lewis, the Maclains of Ardnamurchan, and Clan Gregor. A policy of colonisation was designed to drive a further wedge of stability between Gaelic Ireland and Scotland and plans were made to establish colonies of ‘answerable inlands subjects’ in Lewis, Lochaber and Kintyre, although only the last settlement was even partially successful. Much more

in Clanship to crofters’ war
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Patrick O’Leary

be considered British, the very term Anglo-Irish, a description of themselves accepted by upper-middle-class and landed Protestants, 3 implied an identification with Britain and, in practice, entailed a tendency towards having an English accent and education. 4 Michael McConville, in explaining that the Old English component of Catholic Ireland had long been combined with the Gaelic Irish into a cultural

in Servants of the empire
State building in Cromwellian Ireland
Jennifer Wells

of thousands of Protestants slaughtered eight years earlier, when, in October 1641, members of the Gaelic Irish elite, disgruntled by years of maltreatment suffered at the hands of English officials in Dublin, launched a rebellion in Ulster with the aim of negotiating religious toleration from a position of strength. This narrowly targeted, elite exploit soon tapped into wider discontent and spread across the whole of the island. Of more immediate concern to the Rump was Charles I’s heir, Charles Stuart, and the threat of a royalist invasion of England staged in

in Connecting centre and locality
Rees Davies

’ (as in n. 17) at p. 349. Ireland: H. G. Richardson and G. O. Sayles, The Irish Parliament in the Middle Ages (Philadelphia, 1952), p. 292; Chartularies of St. Mary’s Dublin, ed. J. T. Gilbert (Rolls Series, 1884–6), I, p. 369; Statutes and ordinances . . . of the Parliaments of Ireland, John-Henry V, ed. H. F. Berry (Dublin, 1907), pp. 265, 281–91. 20 Robin Frame, English Lordship in Ireland 1318–61 (Oxford, 1982), pp. 28–36; Katharine Simms, From Kings to Warlords. The Changing Political Structure of Gaelic Ireland in the Later Middle Ages (Woodbridge

in Law, laity and solidarities
Simon Walker

Correspondence of Thomas Bekynton , ed. G. Williams (2 vols., RS, 1872), i. 285. 12 D. Johnstone, ‘Richard II and the Submission of Gaelic Ireland’, Irish Historical Studies , xxii (1980), p. 2; Anglo-Norman Letters and Petitions , ed. M. D. Legge (Oxford, 1941), p. 48. 13 E. Curtis, Richard II in Ireland (Oxford, 1927), p. 132. 14 Thomas Walsingham, Historia Anglicana , ed. T. Riley (2 vols., RS, 1864), ii. 239. 15 The Westminster Chronicle, 1381–1394 , ed. L. C. Hector and B. F. Harvey (Oxford, 1982), pp. 158, 436–8; The Diplomatic Correspondence of

in Political culture in later medieval England
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Moira Maguire

the independent Irish state: “It shall be the first duty of the Government of the Republic to make provision for the physical, mental, and spiritual well-being of the children to secure that no child shall suffer hunger or cold from lack of food, clothing, or shelter, but that all shall be provided with the means and facilities requisite for their education and training as citizens of a Free and Gaelic Ireland.”2 Although the role and responsibility of parents was not explicitly mentioned in the Democratic Programme, there is no reason to assume its architects

in Precarious childhood in post-independence Ireland
Alan Bryson

. after 1566). She perhaps knew him through Thynne, who was a friend and fellow evangelical. St Loe came from the senior gentry of Somerset, was a wealthy and successful soldier, and one of Elizabeth I’s most trusted servants and captain of the guard. About forty at the time, he was well educated, intelligent, charming, active and generous.36 ‘A man of grett hope: whose hardy, painfull, discrett, chargeable, and co[n]tynuall, good service’ was commended by the lord deputy of Ireland, St Loe could be ruthless, as when he defeated Gaelic Irish rebels in late summer 1548

in Bess of Hardwick
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Textual spectrality and Finnegans Wake
Matthew Schultz

palimpsest lying over ancient Ireland. By bringing these two seemingly disparate moments into contention, Joyce challenges all claims of historical authenticity and ethnic purity. The period during which Joyce wrote Finnegans Wake (1922–1939) coincided with the founding and development of the Irish Free State, and was thus marked by a prevailing republican creed of self-sufficient Irish independence, supported by claims of Gaelic Irish distinctiveness. Mutt’s history lesson contends with such notions of Irish distinctiveness. His story returns to a site of impurity, where

in Haunted historiographies
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Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

very legitimacy of the state and its boundaries. At a conceptual level, according to Joseph Ruane and Jennifer Todd ( 1996 ), it is reinforced by three ‘sociocultural dimensions of conflict’ – religion (Catholicism versus various strands of Protestantism), ethnicity (Gaelic-Irish versus English and Scottish) and colonialism (native versus settler). At a practical level, ethnonationalism is reinforced by the primary agents of

in Conflict to peace