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Peter Dorey

. Although Wigham commenced his book by readily acknowledging many positive characteristics and qualities of Britain’s trade unions, he then proceeded to delineate the sundry ways in which they had not only become increasingly powerful in an era of full employment, but had displayed a growing tendency to exercise their enhanced power in a destructive and negative manner, with damaging repercussions for the British economy and wider British society. He lamented that what had once been virtues had become vices, such as: when comradeship becomes conspiracy for selfish gain

in Comrades in conflict
St John Rivers and the language of war
Karen Turner

had founded the Christian Mission in 1865, Christian virtues were being securely merged with military ones.56 Its first annual conference in 1870 saw Booth establish himself as ‘general superintendent’ of a movement that increasingly combined militaristic terminology and organisation with rigorous Christian practice, adopting the name Salvation Army in 1878. In his history of the movement, Glenn Horridge identifies at least twenty facets of militarism that may have served to attract new members and increase the sense of pride and comradeship that the Salvation Army

in Martial masculinities
Abstract only
The postwar child in films
Philip Gillett

working-class physicality encounters middle-class superiority, but the mood changes abruptly with Spike’s fall. Then comradeship (or perhaps a middle-class instinct to do the right thing) takes precedence. When the two boys meet later in hospital, their friendship is secure. The Magnet was a favourite of T. E. B. Clarke, who recalled that it won an award in Belgium. 14 Subsequently, the scant critical attention bestowed on

in The British working class in postwar film
Valerie Bryson

supports it. Any reduction in poverty would disproportionately benefit women; the poorest groups of women, who include many trans and migrant women, would benefit most. Most strands of socialist theory and practice involve some kind of collective thinking that goes beyond individuals and their families to look at shared social needs and class interests; this often involves an emphasis on comradeship and working-class unity. Feminists too are thinking collectively whenever they identify gendered inequalities in power and economic rewards or, as in the #MeToo movement

in The futures of feminism
Open Access (free)
Robert Mackay

egalitarianism: responses were mixed to say the least’ (but he then illustrates with only the ‘negative’ responses); in the Blitz, the spirit of comradeship was more within class than between classes; some members of the middle classes resented measures improving the lives of manual workers (but no intro.p65 7 16/09/02, 09:23 HALF THE BATTLE 8 evidence of this is offered); the upper classes remained hostile towards the lower classes and clung to the old social order – for this the ‘evidence’ is Noel Coward’s film In Which We Serve and Evelyn Waugh’s novel Brideshead

in Half the battle
Abstract only
Laura Ugolini

or 1915, or who applied for exemption after the introduction of conscription, justified their decision by reference to an alternative notion of manliness, one that stressed the link between masculinity, work and family responsibilities. It was only in 1916 that the climate of opinion seems to have decisively shifted, and the claims of patriotism, country and military comradeship proved more powerful than those of hearth, home and family. Far from having become ‘disillusioned’, by the end of the war most middle-class men had come to accept and even embrace a notion

in Civvies
Abstract only
Lindsey Dodd

bombing’: this focus on the enemy, and not his machines, undermined preparations against air attack. Knowledge and understanding of the public world of war depended on age and (to a degree) gender; the older male interviewees among those I  interviewed  – such as Henri Girardon, Christian de la Bachellerie, Michel Thomas, Michel Floch and André Dutilleul  – had taken more interest in past war, particularly tales of heroics and comradeship. In their cases, knowledge came from an active engagement with sources of information, but in others  – more of the female

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
New Zealand’s British Empire and Commonwealth Games, 1950–90
Michael Dawson

Games’, in The 1984 Olympic Scientific Congress Proceedings / Sport and Politics , vol. 7 (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 1986); and Katharine Moore, ‘“The warmth of comradeship”: The first British Empire Games and imperial solidarity’, International Journal of the History of Sport , 6

in New Zealand’s empire
Writing violence, security and the geopolitical imaginary
Bruno Charbonneau

included a diverse mix of experiences: ‘patriotism, idealism, the romance of the exotic, challenging hardship, close comradeship (not only with other Frenchmen), but also careerism, personal gain, racial assertion and temptations for the weak in character’ (Clayton 1988: 19). Until decolonisation, Africans of various origins participated in wars of conquest, pacification campaigns, and other actions of coercion (Echenberg 2009). These shared experiences validated, for some, the purpose of the empire, inspiring loyalty and identification. The armies of Africa were

in Francophone Africa at fifty
Siniša Maleševic

imagined community embedded in the concept of ‘deep horizontal comradeship’. 19 The dominance of high-circulation national over local and regional newspapers and the exceptionally high viewing figures of RTÉ news and information programmes indicate how embedded national understandings of everyday events have become. The expanded civil society groupings have widened the debate on key social, political, economic and cultural issues and in this process have also strengthened the nation-centric understanding of social reality in Ireland. The strength of contemporary Irish

in Are the Irish different?