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Perspectives from Jammu and Kashmir, Cyprus and Bosnia-Herzegovin
Elena B. Stavrevska, Sumona DasGupta, Birte Vogel, and Navnita Chadha Behera

4 Agency, autonomy and compliance in (post-)conflict situations: perspectives from Jammu and Kashmir, Cyprus and Bosnia-Herzegovina Elena B. Stavrevska, Sumona DasGupta, Birte Vogel and Navnita Chadha Behera Introduction The nature of conflict has changed dramatically in the twenty-first century with non-conventional wars, terrorist attacks and civil strife assuming centre stage. State forces are pitted not just against each other but against non-state actors. Terrorists often target civil society as well as symbols of the state, while the Westphalian nation

in Cultures of governance and peace
Martin Barker, Clarissa Smith, and Feona Attwood

Game of Thrones has been beset with controversies since its early seasons. Its sexual explicitness, various deviations from Martin's books, shock moments (especially for those who did not know the books), physical threats and conflicts (from individual acts of cruelty to battle scenes), the way that particular peoples and cultures were presented, and so on, have all generated wide and very public debates. These were reflected in many comments that we received, particularly in answers to Questions 15 and 16, which asked

in Watching Game of Thrones
Gandhi (1982), A Chorus Line (1985) and Cry Freedom (1987)
Sally Dux

Race, nation and conflict: Gandhi (1982), A Chorus Line (1985) and Cry Freedom (1987) 5 The 1980s marked the apotheosis of Richard Attenborough’s directorial career in which he fulfilled his twenty-year ambition of realising a film on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. As well as being a personal achievement for Attenborough, Gandhi represented a key moment for the British film industry through its success at the box office and led to national pride by winning eight of the eleven Academy Awards for which it was nominated, the greatest acclaim to that date for a

in Richard Attenborough
Leslie C. Green

The position in antiquity As pointed out in Chapter 1, it has been accepted since antiquity that some restraint should be observed during armed conflict. Already in the Old Testament there are instances of limitations imposed by God. Thus we read in Deuteronomy, 2 for example, that when attacking heathen tribes among the inhabitants of Canaan the

in The contemporary law of armed conflict
Open Access (free)
Nicholas Atkin

2499 Chap3 7/4/03 2:43 pm Page 92 3 The conflict of exile: servicemen Qui se pourrait d’elle laisser Toujours sa beauté renouvelle. Dieu! Qu’il la fait bon regarder, La gracieuse, bonne et belle! Charles, Duke of Orléans (1391–1465)1 In late January 1941, French Welfare concluded that the most urgent problem it had confronted during the first six months of its existence was not the handling of refugees, but what to do ‘with the considerable number of French soldiers, sailors and merchant seaman in this country who had not immediately expressed their

in The forgotten French
Sandra Buchanan

The Fund did not have an easy start. It initially appears that little of its work went any way towards attempting to address the five areas outlined as necessary for effective transformation to take place, even during the conflict. It encountered some serious problems when it was first set up, as an intense debate developed in the US Congress over donations after the USA made

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Kathryn Nash

marginalized regions, in particular, are often overlooked when it comes to their contributions to regional, much less international, norms. International practices UN intervention in Iraq and Kuwait Since the end of World War II, the UN Charter has steered global responses to conflict. The UN is guided by the principle of sovereignty, and Article 2(7) notes that the UN is not authorized to intervene in matters that are only within the domestic jurisdictions of states. 6 However, the Charter does allow the UN to intervene when a state commits an act of aggression or

in African peace
How transnational pharmaceutical groups manipulate scientific publications
Isabell Hensel and Gunther Teubner

censorship clauses in research contracts, the use of ghostwriters, pressure put on researchers to prevent studies from being carried out 6 and even the dismissal of researchers by financially dependent research institutions. 7 Underlying these cases is a conflict of incompatible rationalities 8 that ultimately leads to publication bias. 9 This term is used to describe the statistical distortion of data

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
Amikam Nachmani

of Turkey’s unequivocal readiness to serve as the West’s policeman in the Middle East. The fifteen-year period under consideration confronted Turkey with an assortment of problems, whose ramifications are vital for an understanding of Ankara’s moves during the Gulf crisis, in the war itself, and in the course of the 1990s. Among these problems were the apparent decline in Turkey’s strategic value due to the decline in inter-bloc rivalries; Turkey’s wearisome – and, some will add, fruitless – courtship of the EU; the Greco-Turkish conflict over

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Amanda Slevin

10 Consent, coercion and consequences of the Corrib gas conflict Part I of this book provided a detailed case study of the Corrib gas conflict, outlining fundamental issues and identifying some of the main actors: the state (including elected representatives, civil servants and planning authorities), the oil industry, a community of resistance, supporters of the project, and the media. Over the duration of the controversy, both the state and oil companies adopted a variety of strategies to advance the project, some of which entailed efforts at consent formation

in Gas, oil and the Irish state