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Bonnie Evans

the condition, arguing that the primary problem was one concerned with emotions and affects rather than just intellectual defect. However, as discussed earlier, the relationship between intellectual development and social and emotional development was only just beginning to be mapped out in individual and statistical studies of child development. Kanner’s work presented the

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Teaching ‘relaxed living’ in post-war Britain
Ayesha Nathoo

provided her class members with a ‘Formula to Maintain Calm’: Cultivate a positive attitude, combining: Acceptance of what you can't change, gratitude for the many blessings you have, compassion for those who annoy you, pride in yourself, an excited optimism for the future. The reverse of these: frustration, envy, anger, shame and pessimism are all destructive emotions and can cause mental and physical decay. 85

in Balancing the self
Debbie Palmer

were individuals with a particular psychological make-­up in terms of intelligence and emotions, with fears and anxieties, whose work was hampered by worry and boredom and whose efficiency was highly dependent upon sympathy, interest, satisfaction and contentment. They argued that the most effective and productive method of work organisation was not to force employees to work against their will but provide encouragement by removing the difficulties and obstacles that prevented workers from giving their best. The mental atmosphere of the work environment was now

in Who cared for the carers?
Mirrored narratives of sanity and madness
Vicky Long

for reform’, he insisted, ‘it is for the public itself to take the lead. But to do this the facts must be known.’55 By itself, Lomax’s book might not have had a significant impact. However, public feeling about asylum treatment had been stirred by the treatment of ex-­service patients as pauper lunatics, and Lomax was able to tap into the emotion generated by this issue.56 Once in the public domain, Lomax’s ideas could be twisted in wholly new directions: one doctor, writing in the Evening Standard, praised Lomax for daring to give the public ‘the naked truth’ and

in Destigmatising mental illness?
Open Access (free)
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown, and Sally Shuttleworth

the ‘moral economy’ through the social history of health, and questioning how we might meaningfully register the experiences of those whose words, emotions, and details of everyday lives are lost to history, and indeed were scarcely registered in their own times. Questioning the very voices and vocabularies through which the social history of health has been constructed, Hamlin warns us against complacency by recognising both the usefulness and the limitations of our approaches to illness and the history of medicine, while adopting an integrative and holistic

in Progress and pathology
Hysterical tetanus in the Victorian South Pacific
Daniel Simpson

Carpenter. 68 In 1874, Carpenter had first published The Principles of Mental Physiology , in which he stressed the interrelation of psychological and physiological behaviour, and thus the importance of the ‘training and discipline of the mind’. 69 Here, Carpenter explained that tetanus was a symptom of the breakdown of the nervous system, which itself occurred in consequence of ‘an undue excitability of the Emotions [and] their known influence on the “vaso-motor Nerves

in Progress and pathology
Sasha Handley

–416. A. Ryrie, ‘Sleeping, waking and dreaming in Protestant piety’, in J. Martin and A. Ryrie (eds), Private and Domestic Devotion in Early Modern Britain (Farnham: Ashgate, 2012), pp. 73–92. E. Sullivan, ‘The watchful spirit: religious anxieties towards sleep in the notebooks of Nehemiah Wallington (1598–1658)’, Cultural History, 1:1 (2012), pp. 14–35. 17 P. Mack, Heart Religion in the British Enlightenment, Gender and Emotion in Early Methodism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008). P. Mack, ‘The unbounded self: dreaming and identity in the British

in Conserving health in early modern culture
A case study around an enigmatic pouring vessel
Marta Ajmar

transforming themselves through inanimate objects.8 Objects are increasingly presented as central to ‘emotional, sensual, representational and communicative expression’ and as an irreplaceable source, key to providing insights into the lives of those with little access to words.9 Historians have been especially vocal in arguing for the need to inscribe material culture within their own scholarly endeavours, not as mere ‘illustration’ but as ‘exploration’ of ‘practice, ideology or emotion’.10 Meanwhile anthropologists have provided some of the most effective interpretive

in Conserving health in early modern culture
Popular and personal discourse in the 1960s and 1970s
Jill Kirby

best avoided for fear of any hint of madness. Aligned to this was a particular contemporary understanding of masculine identity as all three men were part of the post-war managerial generation who were expected to disavow any hint of being ‘soft’, which effectively meant living with the ‘necessity to deny stress’. 60 This made it all the more difficult to deal with the very real fear that all three mentioned in their accounts, as men were not supposed to be prey to such emotions. Within such a prescriptive framework, it was difficult for them to acknowledge let

in Feeling the strain
Burn-out and the paradigm of stress
Jill Kirby

system of lavatory and lunch breaks, all under the relentless demands of the automated call management system. Part of the strain of such work came from the emotional labour of performing specific employer-prescribed emotions intended to create a particular experience for the customer, while repressing their own natural emotional responses. 78 As a receptionist from Preston working in a similar service role explained, ‘Some people get very angry and abusive both to your face and on the phone. You have to be “nice” to people all the time and never get angry yourself

in Feeling the strain