Atom – Steve Hanson
This late 1960s image of Hulme is so powerful. The Victorian
houses in the image are long gone, but so are the Hulme Crescents
which replaced them in the early 1970s. The overstated story that
Manchester is a co-operative city full of socialist radicals has a flipside: that Manchester’s real revolution was industrial, not political.
Friedrich Engels, in the 1840s, in his father’s factories, saw men
referring to other men as ‘hands’, and doing so to their faces.
When he saw this he noted the conditions that forced socialism,
various benefits to even the mere exposure to nature (in a picture, through
a window or by sitting in a park), i.e. a passive consumption of nature, if you will.
The ‘practice’ of nature or deep involvement with it (as defined by Kaplan)
through hiking, protecting, gardening and so on, produces an additional set of
advantages. Advantages of ‘practising nature’ include exercise, community life, political development and place-identity. This list presents only a few of the ways
people experience nature, but we will get back to this topic later.
Despite these advantages
‘Irishness’, eviscerates the
images and iconography of the Celtic Tiger, a period of economic growth in
Ireland that ran from 1995 to 2007.
McCarthy’s work reflects the growing dissonance around the national
narrative, as well as the groundswell of political dissatisfaction that characterises the contemporary scene in Ireland. Tellingly, while occasionally framing
Ireland as South America or Asia, his work suggests that new perspectives, if
not new maps, are required to evaluate Irish society; the turbulent qualities
of the present call for new ways of seeing. Following
Postcolonialism and ecology in the work of Tim Robinson
The field of Irish cultural studies has yet to exploit fully the critical and analytical resources of ecological criticism. Indeed very little sustained and enabling
historical or critical writing has emanated from the field that might productively
contribute to international conversations on the political and cultural implications of global environmental change.There have always been creative and critical
engagements with the Irish landscape – a trend partly occasioned by the country’s
protracted history of colonialism (a prime concern of ecological criticism
the complexity of the world to manageable proportions. Even if we acknowledge that they are simplifications, we approach social inquiry with a predefined lexicon that allows us to find ‘gentrification’, ‘neoliberalism’, ‘planetary urbanism’, ‘settler colonialism’ or the ‘post-political’ (to highlight some of the most popular concepts in critical social inquiry today) because those are the things we expect to find. If we use large datasets and analytical models, we look for predictable patterns to find the universal causal processes behind complex activities such as
Maps as objects 225
From critical to object-oriented cartography
The critical cartography which arose in the 1990s (Crampton and Krygier,
2006) approach maps as texts (Harley, 1989), sign systems (Wood, 1993) and
social constructions (Crampton, 2001). In response to the dominance of the
communication model, which thought of maps purely as neutral tools to convey
geographical information, critical cartography sought to demonstrate how these
representations were in fact bound up with politics of power and knowledge.
Thus, building on Foucault and Derrida (Harley, 1989
basis of their ontological, epistemological and political assumptions. On the one
hand, dashboards may open up data to public consumption and use, yet on the
other hand they cultivate a top-down, technocratic vision (Ciuccarelli, Lupi
and Simeone, 2014: Mattern, 2015). Real-time mapping and dashboards provide a powerful realist epistemology (Kitchin, Lauriault and McArdle, 2015a;
Mattern, 2015). An issue is the validity of the data. Mattern notes that the target
audience ‘likely has only a limited understanding of how the data are derived’
sufficiently? The obvious solution was to be selective and read what I needed to read at the time, and the unfortunate outcome was to miss many important dimensions of his thought – such as his political works and his writings on aesthetics – all of which are highly innovative and, at the same time, intricately woven into the fabric of his broader philosophy. What follows below is the result of some effort to address the gaps in my knowledge and to connect Dewey’s political theory to his theory of social psychology and action. In my view, Dewey’s political theory appears
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth, Alison Todes, Sarah Charlton, Tatenda Mukwedeya, Jennifer Houghton, Tom Goodfellow, Metadel Sileshi Belihu, Zhengli Huang, Divine Mawuli Asafo, Sibongile Buthelezi, and Fikile Masikane
-construction is a practice we see within peripheral spaces, but we do not necessarily ascribe it as being of such spaces. In other words, we view peripheries as more multi-faceted than an emphasis on auto-construction suggests. Essentially, we are dissatisfied with much of the literature available to us in terms of its explanatory value and relevance, and we aim to contribute to this debate.
We conceptualise the peripheries as spaces where complex socio-political, spatial and economic processes work to complicate and inform urban change, including in ways
Italian political thought of the 1970s, the term multitude tries to
describe a new phase in the composition of the working classes.
Based on the Marxian legacy according to which working conditions and relations of production actually shape the collective
subjects which challenge capitalism, the multitude appears to be
the specific form of collective subject which corresponds to the
contemporary phase of this socio-economic system.
There seems to be a crucial interpretative problem at the center
of the multitude argument that directly affects the understanding