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Věra Stojarová

Serbs and subsequently to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) air campaign. Despite the fact that UN Resolution 1244 kept Kosovo under Serbian formal jurisdiction (and only temporarily be placed under international jurisdiction) pending a final settlement, subsequent steps by the 07_Vera_Ch-7.indd 95 1/16/2014 11:27:56 AM MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 01/16/2014, SPi 96 the far right in the balkans international community led to a unilateral declaration of independence by the Kosovo Parliament. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) then delivered an

in The Far Right in the Balkans
Kirsten Haack

-loving’. If the UN was to fulfil its goal of creating and maintaining peace, democracy could be the solution. How the UN addressed this relationship and in which form will be addressed in the following chapter. Notes 1 This did not apply to Class A mandates, which were seen as being close to full sovereignty. 2 As Art. 4 had become a major battle ground between East and West, effectively grinding the admissions process to a halt, the International Court of Justice had ruled

in The United Nations democracy agenda
Johanna Söderström

SWAPO (for more on the origins of SWAPO, see Vigne 1987 ). In 1966, attempts to take South Africa's administration before the International Court of Justice failed and SWAPO declared war on South Africa. From 1966 to 1989, PLAN (the armed wing of SWAPO) fought various South African forces for independence. During the war it is estimated that between twenty thousand and twenty-five thousand people died. 2 As early as 1976 the United Nations (UN) Security Council passed a resolution in favor of Namibian independence. In

in Living politics after war
Current policy options and issues
Jenny H. Peterson

, 2011) or by allowing international legal bodies to prosecute these forms of conflict trade under anti-pillage statutes of the ICC (Lundberg, 2007/8), and some positive developments in terms of the use of international legal mechanisms to deal with political-economies of violence can be identified. Hybrid courts in both Bosnia and Kosovo have seen the international community placing attention on and committing resources to the prosecution of organised crime and corruption (Eichlin, 2009/10). This, along with the International Court of Justice ruling against Uganda in

in Building a peace economy?
Alanna O’Malley

, entrenched in his views about the poisonous collaboration between the US and the UN in the Congo, ruled out any possibility of Soviet financing for ONUC during the Secretary-​General’s meeting with him in Moscow in September.61 The controversy around the issue was heightened when International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued an opinion stating that the costs of the Congo operation, must, under Article 17(2) of the UN Charter, be borne by all member-​states.62 The Soviet Union was not the only member-​state to withhold financial contributions. Following the Suez crisis in

in The diplomacy of decolonisation
Abstract only
Saul Newman

the hands of the government during Argentina’s ‘dirty war’, and to demand justice. Or we might think of the Zapatista woman dying of cancer who led a protest march from Chiapas to Mexico City to demand justice for the indigenous and landless peasants of Mexico; or those relatives – again mostly women – of the 8,000 Bosnians who were massacred in Srebrenica, who carry banners bearing their names and gather outside the International Court of Justice in the Hague; or even Cindy Sheehan in the United States, whose son was killed in Iraq, and who persists in protesting

in Unstable universalities
Kelly-Kate Pease

This commission diplomacy complements the multilateral diplomacy in generating shared understandings, even though a great many states are still deeply suspicious of international efforts to create a legal right to humanitarian intervention. The Kosovo Commission suggested that the province should have “conditional independence” and after several successive and ultimately unsuccessful efforts to resolve Kosovo’s status diplomatically, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence in 2008. In a narrow advisory opinion, the International Court of Justice found that

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy
Open Access (free)
Partial offsets and unfinished business
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

jurisdiction of the ECJ through a special declaration (Art. K7(2)). This is a practice long established for the International Court of Justice in The Hague. According 92 Theory and reform in the European Union to Art. K7(5), the ECJ will not have jurisdiction to review the validity or proportionality of operations carried out by the police or other law-enforcing agencies of the member states, or the exercise of responsibilities incumbent upon member states with regard to the maintenance of law and order and the safeguarding of internal security. And all that in spite of

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Dimitris N. Chryssochoou, Michael J. Tsinisizelis, Stelios Stavridis, and Kostas Ifantis

institutions – and the allocation of the workload between itself and the Court of First Instance.28 All in all, the ECJ tabled five proposals in the IGC, three of which were of major importance. First, the ECJ and the Court of First Instance asked to acquire the right to modify their Rules of Procedure as is the case with the European Court of Human Rights and the International Court of Justice in The Hague, in the place of the present arrangement under which this is the task of the Council acting unanimously. The Nice Summit granted the ECJ the right to draw its Rules of

in Theory and reform in the European Union
Leslie C. Green

accordance with Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice. There is of course nothing to prevent any individual state from laying down additional rules regulating the conduct of its own forces. They may also pass legislation as to the means by which jurisdiction for breaches of the law of armed conflict is to be exercised over its own forces 233 or with regard to captured

in The contemporary law of armed conflict