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Algerian national cinemas
Guy Austin

, Arabic and Berber (Djebar 2000 : 227). Of these, Berber (or Tamazight) and its local variants such as the Kabyle and Chaoui languages, is the oldest. After the Arab invasion of the seventh century, Arabic became the dominant language in Algeria, except for the more remote regions where Berber languages remained. Occupation by France imposed the French language, with for example a 1938 lawmaking Arabic a “foreign” language

in Algerian national cinema
Edward Ashbee

promiscuity is wrong and that out-of-wedlock childbearing is unacceptable. Identifying the father of every child born . . . Encouraging unmarried girls to give up their babies for adoption by married couples.21 Wade Horn also sought to translate loosely defined aspirations into public policy and law-making. While he backed away from some of his earlier assertions in the June 2001 Senate confirmation hearings after he had been nominated as Assistant Secretary for Children and Families, Horn not only argued that married couples should be given priority over single parents or

in The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda
A critical study of social media discourses
Marie Sundström and Hedvig Obenius

, 1997). Moreover, it is not just the discourses that occur in the incipient stages of the law-making process that legitimise law. Habermas argues that ‘Deliberative politics acquires its legitimating force from the discursive structure of an opinion- and will-formation that can fulfil its socially integrative function only because citizens expect its results to have a reasonable quality’ (Habermas, 1996, p. 304). The implementation of law, and the outcome of such, is critically reviewed in the public discursive formation of opinion (Habermas, 2006). Public opinion in

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Open Access (free)
Flexible and pragmatic adaptation
Danielle Bossaert

earlier stage in the decision-making process by informing it of the government’s initial official position regarding important proposals for a directive. Until now, relations between the government and the legislature in the area of information and consultation have developed without the parliament having been actively involved in the law-making process. The progress made mainly concerns the improved provision of information by the government and the regular briefing of parliament before and after summit meetings, during the IGC or in the case of important decisions

in Fifteen into one?
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Duncan Watts

intention of ensuring that never again would an extremist party such as the Nazis be allowed to gain office by means which were seemingly constitutional and legitimate. Judicial review in Britain In America, the Supreme Court interprets not only the law, but also the Constitution. Britain has no provision for judicial review. No court can declare unconstitutional any law that has been lawfully passed by the British Parliament, which is the sovereign law-making body, a principle that has never been challenged. In the absence of a written constitution, there is – as Heywood

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
Stephen Constantine

1833 and 1839, indicating the increased anglicisation of Gibraltar’s legal culture. They bore especially on such subjects as property, coinage, criminal law, legal administration and penal policy. But overwhelmingly, ordinances specific to Gibraltar, drafted locally and approved centrally, sought to guide and control civilian life: a total of 312 in just over eighty years. Of course, the number of laws, and particularly of amended laws, may indicate only initial bad drafting inappropriate to need, but more likely repeated law making on the same subject was indicative

in Community and identity
Fergal Casey

certain wages’.57 Inseparable is the right to organise. Marx despised union advocates but regarded them as heralds of revolution.58 Manning, however, aimed to stave off revolution with economic reform as surely as he wished to stave off Irish republicanism with political reform. He situates unions in Roman law, making them an ancient institution re-instated against rapacious capitalists. Manning advocated ‘interference’ in the free-market by quoting Pitt’s incendiary 1800 arbitration act speech: The time will come when … it will be in the power of any one man in a town

in Irish Catholic identities
Pat Cox

, people slip into thinking that Europe is just a big market for big-time business players and that it has nothing to do with them. Europe stands for much more. MUP_Hume_Peacemaking.indd 84 11/10/2013 15:25 Europe as a force for creative reconciliation 85 If you look at law-making in the European Parliament, much of it is about the consumer rather than about the big market players. Much of it is about sustainability and the environment. Much of it, also (including the Lisbon Agenda) is about how we can make sure we have sustainable jobs and sustainable growth in our

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Marc Geddes

spotlight in recent times, demonstrating the accountability and law-making challenges that Parliament faces. Although the UK Parliament faces unique challenges, these opening pages have shown that there are truly global questions about the role of legislatures in political systems, including their ability to represent the interests of citizens and respond to their concerns. It also points to widespread

in Dramas at Westminster
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Ingvild Bode

Minuit ). Bourdieu , Pierre ( 1996 ), The State Nobility: Elite Schools in the Field of Power ( Cambridge : Polity Press ). Breakey , Hugh ( 2014 ), ‘ Protection of civilians and law making in the Security Council ’, in Vesselin Popovski and Trudy Fraser (eds), The Security Council as Global Legislator ( London : Routledge

in United Nations peace operations and International Relations theory