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The wider impact of the South African War
Donal Lowry

the NSL failed to gain its objective of compulsory service in peacetime, it did much to foster a culture of volunteering in the decade before 1914. 82 The war was traditionally thought to have enjoyed less support in the ‘Celtic fringe’, due not least to the prominence in the anti-war movement of David Lloyd George, Herbert Lewis and other pro-Boers. Most Welsh Liberal MPs

in The South African War reappraised
Abstract only
Anna Green and Kathleen Troup

, the specific and often contradictory experiences of individual veterans are being clouded by a generalised, almost nostalgic version of the diggers and their war. Furthermore, in this modern re-working of the legend aspects of their war experience which were once taboo are now publicly acceptable. The Vietnam War and the influence of the peace and anti-war movement have altered public perceptions of war so that the soldier as victim is a more acceptable character – though he still takes second place to the Anzac hero. Fred can now talk more easily about his

in The houses of history
Empire Day and the 1924 Wembley Exhibition
Brad Beaven

and small socialist groups. George Hodgkinson, a Labour local councillor, gave Beryl Aylward support and advice on how to deal with the Education Committee and leading Conservative members on it. Moreover her father Jack received a letter of support from W.A. Stokes, a Communist and leader of the Workers Anti-War Movement, congratulating her on her 'courageous stand' and informing him of a

in Visions of empire
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

governments and military were by far the most frequently cited sources, there were several sources who voiced criticisms of the war’s rationale and effects, including UN officials, aid agencies and Iraqi civilians, as indicated in Figure 7.2 . The category ‘anti-war critics’ includes prominent parliamentary opponents of the war as well as representatives of the popular anti-war movement, which helps to

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
Dana M. Williams

participants grow older. Anarchist movements share other commonalities with the standard NSMs usually noted (i.e., student, environmental, antiwar) in that its ranks are incredibly young.6 Unlike other movements – such as the anti-war movement – anarchism seems to have been less able to retain its membership cohorts over the past few decades. The extent to which this pattern will continue is presently unclear. During anarchism’s “golden age” in the late 1800s and early 1900s, anarchists included all ages, as they were socialized to be anarchists during childhood in working

in Black flags and social movements
Military service in Britain
Wendy Ugolini

British female conscientious objectors, Hazel Nicholson illustrates that as well as pacifist beliefs, there were a range of reasons why women did not wish to participate in the war effort, including Italian dual nationals who refused to fight ‘for nationalistic reasons’ (see chapter seven).46 The Imperial War Museum holds written papers and sound archive recordings relating to three World War Two conscientious objectors of Italian origin. Although the interviews of two of the men, Reginald Bottini and Carmin Sidonio, are thematically grouped under the heading ‘Anti-War

in Experiencing war as the ‘enemy other’
The League in party politics
Helen McCarthy

February 1922, ibid. 189, 60. For the LNU’s response, see next chapter, and for Strachey see Martin Ceadel, ‘The First Communist “Peace Society”: The British Anti-War Movement, 1932– 1935’, Twentieth Century British History, 1:1 (1990), 58–86. Paul Bridgen, ‘Ideology and Politics in the Development of a Labour Party Foreign Policy 1900–1924’ (unpublished PhD thesis, Goldsmith’s College, 2001), 2. Ibid. Clynes, as noted, sat on the LNU Executive and was reported as having addressed an audience of 2000 at an LNU meeting in Reading in May 1920 (Headway, June–July 1920, 173

in The British people and the League of Nations
Johanna Söderström

of war. Yet some of the Vietnam veterans became engaged in the anti-war movement, and thus a few of them (Charles, Dennis, Ben and Ford) felt they had in fact contributed to stopping the war and ensuring peace in Vietnam. Lee and Thomas disagreed with the war protesters and wrote them off as cowards at the time, but later changed their minds and came to see this differently. Several interviewees from all three cases explained how a central aspect of peace, and achieving peace, was reconciliation and compromise. Rebuilding trust between different

in Living politics after war
Johanna Söderström

directly linked to those who protested against the war. The war resistance while the conflict was ongoing was interpreted by some as resistance to them as soldiers, whereby they as veterans embodied the guilt of the war. Thus, the anti-war movement became linked to how they were treated by society overall when they came home: “I've always felt that the anti-war people were against those that were in the military” (Robert, U12). The degree to which these protests have affected them has been tempered over time. The lack of parades when they came home (as compared to other

in Living politics after war
Johanna Söderström

) However, during college he became involved in the anti-war movement, and so he considered going into exile in Canada to avoid the draft. 11 As he was already commissioned, the question was not if but when he would go to Vietnam. He finally went on active duty two months after he graduated. Others signed up because they dreamed of becoming pilots, and not much else figured in their decision. For instance, Robert (U12), who was also in the ROTC program, just wanted to fly. Thomas, however, enlisted

in Living politics after war